Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology PSY 200
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lucie Larkin on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 200 at North Carolina State University taught by Christopher Mayhorn in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see /class/223877/psy-200-north-carolina-state-university in Psychlogy at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Chapter 15 Questions 1 The sets specific criteria for each psychological diagnosis including depression alcohol intoxication psychological gambling and other problems and disabilities a BiopsychosocialModel b Psychodynamic theories c DSM IV d None of the above 2 Personality disorders or maladaptive inflexible ways of dealing with the environment and other people are listed under the Axis a Axis I b Axis II c Axis III d Axis IV 3 Physical disorders such as general medical conditions like diabetes head trauma or alcoholic cirrhosis are listed under what Axis a Axis I b Axis II c Axis III d Axis IV 4 Which of the following is not a criticism of the DSM IV a It includes too many minor disorders b It categorizes disorders together c It does not list the most serious disorders d Many of the disorders overlap and are listed separately 5 What is one reason so many disorders have been added to the DSM IV a So that more clients can qualify for insurance help b Because more disorders have been studied and classified c Psychologists have conducted extensive research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy and other treatments and now list the disorders that can be effectively treated by such d No more disorders have been added to the DSM IV 6 Which theories attempt to relate personality to the interplay of conflicting impulses within the individual including some that the individual may not consciously recognize a Socioculturaltheories b Psychodynamic theories c Biosocial theories d Ecological theories 7 Freud used dream analysis free association and transference as a means of releasing pent up emotions associated with unconscious thoughts and memories also known as a Psychoa na lysis b Person centered therapy c Catharsis d Rational emotive behavior 8 A client starts out talking about the weather and then starts to talk about his mom to his therapist Before he realizes it he has starting talking about his problems at his job The therapist listens for these links and themes and attempts to tie the client s remarks together What does this demonstrate a Transference b Free association c Person centered thera py d Catharsis 9 When clients express love or hatred for the therapist because he or she unconsciously reminds them of someone else they are demonstrating a Free association b Transference c Interpretations d Catharsis 10 Emily had a near death experience in her cousin s pool when she was younger and is now terrified of going near pools lakes etc Her therapist makes a goal such as eliminating the fear and then attempts to achieve those goals through classical conditioning Which type of therapy does this demonstrate a Cognitive therapy b Behavior therapy c Humanistic therapy d Cognitive behavior therapy 11 Which therapy is the one of the most widespread therapy forms in the US because of the emphasis it places on changing people s interpretation of their situation a Behavior therapy b Cognitive therapy c Cognitive behavior therapy d Humanistic therapy 12 Dr Fields Linda s therapist strives to be genuine empathic and caring He listens to her with total acceptance and unconditional positive regard What type of therapy is this a Rational emotive behavior therapy b ncongruence therapy c Person centered therapy d Family systems therapy 13 Which of the following statements is correct concerning intervention and prevention a Prevention involves taking steps to keep a disorder from becoming more serious b Intervention is avoiding a disorder from the start c Prevention involves taking steps to keep a disorder from becoming more serious d Intervention is identifying a disorder in its early stages and relieving it Chapter 16 Questions 1 Tina constantly worries over everything in her life She worries that her dog will run away her husband might leave her her kids are failing their classes and she is gaining weight She has no reason to worry about these things but cannot stop herself What is Tina plagued by a Panic Disorders Social Phobias Generalized Anxiety disorders Hyperventilation 52057 2 Martin fear talking in public and interacting with strangers He often feels rejected by those around him and thinks he is always being laughed at What might Martin be experiencing a Panic Disorders b Social Phobias c Agoraphobia d Generalized Anxiety Disorder 3 Lisa is afraid of snakes and therefore does not walk in the woods behind her house Amber is afraid of the dark and makes sure she sleeps with her night light on at all times Sam is afraid of planes and does not ride them because he fears he will freak out Jason is afraid of spiders but does not tell his friends because he thinks they will laugh at him Which person displays a phobia a Lisa b Am be r c Jason d Sam 4 Which is not a possible explanation of the development of phobias a Although we are not born with many fears we may be evolutionary prepared to learn certain ears more easily than others b People generally develop phobias of objects that they cannot predict or control c Certain objects are known to usually cause serious injury or harm and predispose people to fear them d We more readily learn to fear objects with which we have few safe experiences 5 What is the difference between flooding and systemic desensitization O Flooding involves gradually exposing people to the object of their fear Systematic desensitization involves exposing the person to the feared object suddenly rather than gradually SD involves teaching the person to disassociate the feared object with negative thoughts Flooding involves exposing the person to similar objects gradually until they re ready for the actual feared object SD involves gradually exposing people to the object of their fear Flooding involves exposing the person to the feared object suddenly rather than gradually Flooding involves teaching the person to disassociate the feared object with negative thoughts SD involves exposing the person to similar objects gradually until they re ready for the actual feared object 6 Jenny becomes obsessed with dirt and grease and develops compulsions of cleaning and washing over and over What type of disorder is Jenny likely to develop a 9057 Generalized Anxiety Panic Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Agoraphobia 7 A habitual gambler more than likely experiences a strong on placing bets and hitting casinos even though abstaining from gambling actually produces no withdrawal symptoms What type of dependence is this a Physical b Psychological c Social d Biological 8 alcoholism develops gradually over the years and affects about as many women as men is generally less severe and depends more on life experiences than genetics a Type b C d Type II Type III Type IV 9 People with generally experience sleep abnormalities They enter REM sleep at a much quicker rate and wake up earlier and cannot get back to sleep a Bipolar Disorder b Depression c Alcoholism d Schizophrenia 10 Shane finds himself repeatedly isolating himself whenever the seasons change He losses interest in activities that once excited him and feels less than in his marriage What is Shane experiencing a Seasonal Affective Disorder b Bipolar Disorder c Seasonal Depression Disorder d Seasonal Temperament Disorder 11 Which of the following is a likely reason why women experience higher rates of Depression than men a They have genetic predispositions to lower levels of dopamine b Women often ruminate on unpleasant feelings which only makes them worse c Men have a more equal balance of dopamine and serotonin in their blood d Men and Women have the same depression rates in countries with this data 12 People with more negative schizophrenia symptoms are more likely a To have symptoms that persist over time b Have an earlier onset of the disorder c Perform worse in school and on the job d Have harder symptoms to treat e A and B f All of the a bove g None of the above 13 Jessica constantly has perceptions that do not correspond to anything in the objective world She hears voices when no one is there and hears other sounds when there is no possible source of sound around her Jessica is likely experiencing what a Hallucinations Delusions b c Disordered thinking d None of the above 14 Ronnie is at home reading the newspaper and he sees a heading that he knows is a coded message that the end of the world is near What is Ronnie likely the victim of a Delusions of interpretation b Delusions of persecution c Delusions grandeur d Delusions of reference 15 People with schizophrenia are characterized by their incoherent speech absence of social relationships and odd behavior a Catatonic b Disorganized c Paranoid d Residual