Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology PSY 200
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lucie Larkin on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 200 at North Carolina State University taught by Samuel Pond in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/223878/psy-200-north-carolina-state-university in Psychlogy at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
PSY 200 31809 Ch 14 cont d Clicker Q Eysenck s 3 factor theory has the most scientific support out of all the other constitutional personality theories Clicker Q C Rogers is a theorist associated with the humanistic approach to personality Approaches to personality Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud 18561939 His theories are very controversial As a doctor he discovered people who complained of ailments that were apparently all in their mind There was no physical reason for the sicknesses He called this Hysteria eg gloves anesthesia He believed hysteria was caused by traumas Trauma was causing the symptoms Hypnosis and Catharsis Hypnosis would help relive those traumas This would purge the unconscious This was called Catharsis With help from a therapist this would relieve the anxiety There was a problem with hypnosis because not everybody could be hynotised Sometimes catharsis would have been forgot about even before the person woke up from the hypnosis Free Association quotHold nothing back Goals of Psychoanalysis Identify and work through longstanding con icts Overcome resistance a product of anxiety over the con icts Produce catharsis Freud believed that critical memories were not eradicated They were forced deeper in the unconsciousness Freads personality theory The structure and process of the mind The naturore of the memories being repressed ConteXt Freud lived in Victorian age sexual issues were repressed work of one man Freud has his own problems and challenges Women s liberation was unheard of His father was a strict disciplinarian Evidence that his father was abusive Jewish in antiSemitic environment Suffered bouts of depression and thought cocaine would help He got addicted and then realized it wasn t the drug of choice Freuds theory has holes in it Constantly revised it Main points Freuds conception of the mind Id pleasure principle hedonisticprimary thought process fantasy Ego reality principle Making a distinction between real and unreal secondary thought process rational purposeful amoral at this point no awareness of morality Superego moral versus immoral ego ideal It could make the person very aware if they were meeting the ego ideal or not Acts as an overseeing parent Can directly reward or punish the ego The quotcastquot Id biological drives Superego commands and prohibitions of society Ego developer of strategies to satisfy both the id and superego 32009 cont d Defense Mechanism unconscious maneuver the ego uses to keep the Id and Superego under control Some other defense mechanisms projection displacement Eysenck used the terms neuroticism and psychoticism Mental illness according to freud Neurosis amp psychosis Psychosexual Development5 stages Some terms erosdrive to perpetuate life thanotosdeath wish we all have why there would always be wars and self abuse libidosexual element life pleasure energy erogenous zones mouth anus genitals Fixation lingering attachment to a stage of development after a new stage has been attained behaviors and character traits Stages 015 Oral mouth as most sensitive region weaning oral character passive dependent gullible 15 3 Anal pleasure from anal zone toilet training anal character anal expulsive careless messy anal retentive neat compulsive 35 Phallic boy s erotic feelings for mother competes with father phallic character oedipal compleX and electra compleX 611 Latency repression ofsexual interests Over 12 Genital increased instinctual energy at puberty 32309 cont d Boy Desire for mother fear of retaliation by father identification with father seX role identity achieved Girl Early dependency on mother disappointed with mother desire for father identification with mother seXrole identity achieved The preference of scientists for the theory that makes the fewest unfamiliar or untested assumptions is known as the principle of parsimony Critique of Freud Lacks parsimony amp Cannot disprove the theory empirically amp Cannot predict with the theory Anna Freud 18951982 Applied psychoanalytic Neo Analytic Carl Jung collective unconscious archetypes Alfred Adler inferiority complex Karen Horney Psychometric Issues reliability assessment ofwhether the test can do so adequately aka repeatability testretest Uses parallel forms Splithalf internal consistency validity can it really measure what its purporting to measure Evidence that a test measures what it is purported to measure construction Evidence that correct inferences are being made about the test results use Two forms of validity construction construct content and use predictive No reliability assures no validity Perfect reliability however does not assure validity standardizati0n administration and scoring of test
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