Week 7- United States between the World Wars
Week 7- United States between the World Wars HIST 370
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 370 at George Mason University taught by Zayna Bizri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see War in American Society in History at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
HIST 370 Notes Week 7 United States between the World Wars 19181939 A Paris Peace Conference 1919 Historical consensus asserts that the seeds of Second World War were planted in the events of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 where the heads of state of Britain France Italy and the United States met nearly 150 times to lay out peace terms for the Central Powers primarily Germany to concede to However there is significant divide amongst historians today as to whether or not the world wars were distinct events but related or was it the modern Thirty Years War that stretched from 1914 to 1945 defined by turmoil in Europe and boilingbursting hostilities between the European powers Each Allied country had a specific approach to how to handle the postwar world 0 Britain the primary aims of Prime Minister David Lloyd George going into the Peace Conference were centered on maintaining the integrity of the British Empire and eliminating the future potential threat of Germany to France and the rest of Europe 0 France having taken the most significant toll in WWI both in casualties and to the country overall economy infrastructure George Clemenceau s primary goal during the Peace Conference was to demilitarize Germany to prevent the destruction of WWI from happening again in France 0 Italy Vittorio Orlando Prime Minister of Italy desired to gain the territories promised to Italy in the Treaty of London in 1915 ie Trentino Tyrol Trieste Istria 0 United States summarized in Wilson s Fourteen Points that aimed to solidify world peace and prevent another war AT ALL not just a war in comparison to scale of WWI included freedom of trade and of the seas selfdetermination for former colonial possessions of AustriaHungary and the Ottoman Empire These concessions and the results placing the war blamereparations on Germany support the historical argument that Europe and the world were entangled in a decadeslong modern war during the early 20th century that spanned from 1914 to 1945 B Changing American Social Constructs 19181939 The sheer scale and depth of the destructiveness of WWI resulted in both the literal and psychological deterioration of the men in all societies involved including the United States In addition to the Spanish Flu of 19191920 the American male population downsized to a point unseen since the American Civil War over sixty years prior and those who survived the war were permanently scarred physically or psychologically or both Thus it became practical for women both during and after the war to partake in a more active role in public life This impact was exemplified in a multitude of aspects of American society ArtMusic the advent of art particularly jazz in the United States that pinnacled in the Harlem Renaissance was arguably an outlet for creative expression of the cultural characterizations associated with the Lost Generation Literature authors such as TS Eliot F Scott Fitzgerald John Steinbeck William Faulkner Erich Maria Remarque and Ernest Hemingway who is credited with coining the phrase Lost Generation were renowned for capturing the sentiment of those associated with the Lost Generation PoliticsCulture the impact of the war shaped the how the American outlook on the world around them and the subsequent divided into those who lost all respect for sociocultural norms and values of the Old World and those who chose to ignore the effect the war had on those who served This shift brought about severe transformations in the social and political image and role of women ie 19th Amendmentwomen s suffrage gradually liberalized gender norms EconomyIndustry with the demographic shift in the United States as a result of the war more and more women were entering the work force to the point that by the peak of the Great Depression in the mid1930s it was more common for the woman of a family unit to be working for pay than it was for the man to be earning money