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Music In Society

by: Dario Gerlach

Music In Society MU 125

Dario Gerlach
GPA 3.57

Barbara Rhyneer

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About this Document

Barbara Rhyneer
Class Notes
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dario Gerlach on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MU 125 at Northern Michigan University taught by Barbara Rhyneer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/224046/mu-125-northern-michigan-university in Music at Northern Michigan University.


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Date Created: 10/15/15
Music and Society Part I and VIII Chapter 1 Terms I Genre the term referring to a type or classification of music I Fanfare short brilliant sounding work usually featuring brass instruments I Western European Art Music music intended for careful attention to its sounds and expressive qualities Question What are some functions of music I Hint answer d on bubble sheet Music Example pg 7 CD 1 Track 13 Identify name of movie Main Title from Star Wars Composer John Williams Track 1 opening fanfare 000 to 008 Track 2 Battle music 000 to 019 then the main theme retuIns in French Horns followed by strings and entire orchestra Track 3 Princess Leia s theme played by low strings Chapter 2 Terms I Beats the pulse or throb that retuIns regularly in music I Meterthe regular pattern of stressed and unstressed beats A Duple meter sets of two or four beats ie graduation march star wars theme B Triple meter sets of three ie Blue Danube waltz battle theme track 2 I Syncopation the displacement of an accent so that it occurs where it is not normally expected or does not occur where it is expected I Polyrhythmic two or more rhythm patterns occurring simultaneously AKA layered rhythm I Tempothe speed of beats in a piece ofmusic Question What are the six tempo terms in order from slow to fast I Largovery slow I Adagiosomewhat slow I Andantewalking pace I Moderatemoderate tempo I AllegroFast CD 1 Track 4 like a march I Prestoreally fast Music Example pg 14 CD 1 Track 45 I Meter of song duple meter hint it is a march I Tempo allegro I How does the tempo change in track 5 it gets faster Chapter 3 Terms I Frequency vs Pitch low pitch a low frequency of vibration high pitch a high frequency of vibration I Scalea series of pitches that proceeds upward or downward according to a prescribed pattern I Melodya series of pitches strung together in time to form a music unit I Theme reoccurring melody central melody in a musical work I Conjunct steps wise move across the scale moves by intervals I Disjunctskips around moves by leaps I Embellishmentextra decorative notes that are added but do not change the melody I Staff consists of five lines I Clef designates range Treble clef high range B Bass clef low range I Key I Tonal Centerthe specific pitch around which a piece of music is centered AKA gravity I Intervalthe distance between two pitches I Octavea pitch that has twice or half the frequency of vibrations of another usually the two pitches have the same letter designation I Modulationchanging the tonal center as the music progresses usually without a break changing the key I Consonant harmony open at rest I Dissonant is clashing or tense Question What are the 4 types of notes we discussed in class and their duration values I Whole note 4 beats I 2 note 2 beats I A note 1 beat I 18 note 2 beat Music Example pg 23 CD 1 track 4 I Texture starts homophonic then changes to imitative polyphonic Chapter 4 Terms I Concertofeatures one instrument with an orchestral accompaniment or piano I Crescendo the music gradually becomes louder I Cadenzaa section in which a soloist plays a free paraphrase on the themes of the work solo I Amplitudeheight or intensity of a sound wave I Timbretone quality or tone color in music I Partialsnotes in the overtone series Questions What are six dynamics and their symbols I pp pianissimo very soft I ppiano soft I mpmezzo piano medium soft I mf mezzo forte medium loud I f forte loud I fffortissimo very loud What are three things you must have when you plan out music I Repetition variation and contrast Music Example pg 28 CD 1 Tracks 912 I Featured instrum entguitar I What is it doing at the beginningplays chords I What is the tempoAdagio I Guitar embellishes the melody I Dynamics starts out psoft and slowly builds crescendos gets louder Chapter 5 Terms I Mouthpiece a part of a musical instrument that functions near the mouth I Valve a device in a brass wind instrument that permits change in pitch by a rapid varying of the air column in a tube I Reeda exible strip of cane or metal set into the mouthpiece or air opening of certain instruments to produce tone by vibrating in response to a stream of air I Glissando a rapid slide through a series of consecutive tones in a scalelike passage sweeping up and down strings I Timpani only pitched drum I Marimbapercussion instrument that can play pitches like a keyboard I Xylophone percussion instrument that consists of wooden bars of various lengths that are struck with mallets Question What are the four main instruments in each of the symphony orchestra categories From highest to lowest I Strings all have a bow and four strings A Violin B Viola C Cello D Bass I Woodwindsuse a mouthpiece A Flute B Oboedouble reed C Clarinetsingle reed D Bassoondouble reed I Brass buzz lips on a mouthpiece Trumpetvalves B Hornvalves C Tromboneslide D Tubavalves MUSIC amp SOCIETY Test 1 Study Guide CHAPTER ONE Terms 0 Genre 7 o Fanfare 7 0 Art music 7 0 Western European Art Music 7 Question What are some functions of music D 7 all of the above CHAPTER TWO Terms 0 Beats 7 0 Meter 7 o Duple 7 0 Triple 7 o Syncopation 7 o Polyrh hmic 7 0 Tempo7 0 March7 0 Symphony orchestra 7 Question Can you put the following in order from slow to fast Largo Adagio Andante Moderato Allegro Presto Music Example PG 14 CD 17 Track 4 5 What is the meter hint it s a march What is the tempo How does the tempo change in track 5 CHAPTER FIVE Terms Frequencypitches 7 30 2116 Melody 7 M7 Conjunct 7 Disjunct 7 Embellishment 7 M Clef7 0 Mi 0 Bai 7 K Tonal center 7 Interval 7 M7 Modulation 7 o Consonant 7 o Dissonant 7 Questions What are the four types of notes we discussed in class and their duration values Example Pg 24 CD 1 7 Track 4 7 Identify the textures o Monophonic 7 o Homophonic 7 o Polyyhonic 7 CHAPTER FOUR Terms 0 Concerto 7 o Cadenza 7 Crescendo 7 Amplitude 7 Timbre 7 Partials 7 Questions What are 6 dynamics and their symbols What are three things you must have when you plan out music Music Example Pg 28 CD 1 7 Tracks 9 712 What instrument is featured What is it doing at the very beginning What is the tempo How does the guitar treat the melody What is the dynamic level at the beginning CHAPTER FIVE Terms 0 Mouthpiece 7 o m m o Glissando 7 o Timpani 7 o Snare drum 7 0 Bass drum 7 o Marimba 7 o Xylophone 7 Questions What are the four main instruments in each of the symphony orchestra categories 1 Strings 2 Woodwinds 3 Brass 4 Percussion What are the highest and lowest instruments in each category Which are reed instruments CHAPTER 6 Terms 0 Piano 7 0 Pipe organ 7 o Harpsichord 7 o Soprano 7 0 m7 1321i CHAPTERS 40 43 Terms 0 Folk 7 0 Ethnic 7 0 Oral tradition 7


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