The Judicial Function
The Judicial Function CJ 213
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Reynolds on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 213 at Northern Michigan University taught by Gloria Urban in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/224060/cj-213-northern-michigan-university in Criminal Justice at Northern Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Chapter 6 Petit Jury Trial jury Venire People who are potential jurors in a given jurisdiction Af rmative Registration Action on part of women to actively seek to be included on juries Voir Dire To See To Speak The process where jurors are questioned to determine their bias or prejudices Not selecting those who do sit on jury but eliminating those who are unsuitable Jury Sequestration Isolate jurors from biasing in uences of the press and community To make sure their verdict was from the evidence and info presented at trial Also it encourages bonding which might have a positive effect on deliberations Many things affect a juror s decision Gender occupation ethnicity and socioeconomic status Jury Nullification refusal of the jury to apply law where they believe following the letter of the law wouldn t be justice Jury absolute authority to acquit the defendant regardless of evidence Jury Misconduct l Engaging in Delinquency or lying to avoid service 2 Engaging in improper or prohibited behavior as a jury Chapter 9 Jury Deliberations Decisionmaking process of arriving at particular verdicts Alternate Jurors are used if one or more jurors become ill during proceedings In federal district courts juries consist of 12 persons State juries can vary in size from 612 the min is 6 if there are 6 must be unanimous but if 12 majority will be fine unless required under state law Death penalty must be unanimous Polling Jurors Simply asking the jurors in open court if the verdict expresses their feelings Chapter 10 Sentencing offenders serves the following functions Punishment just deserts Incapacitationcrime control Rehabilitation Reintegration Probation Preventiondeterrence Types of sentencing schemes Indeterminate Determinate Assign a max and min buildup of Goodtime Credit PresumptiveGuidelinesbased Punish for each crime according to severity and crime history Mandatory Must assign a specified period of years for certain offences Good Time Credit A fixed number of days inmates may accumulate based upon the amount of time they serve that is deducted from sentence In MI it is mandatory penalty of 2 yrs for using a gun during the com ssion of a felony This is to discourage criminals from using weapons when they commit crimes Habitual Offenders Those who commit new crimes frequently and serious victim injurydeath
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