Lecture Notes: Persians
Lecture Notes: Persians 1111
Popular in Survey of World History to 1500
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Iris Son on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1111 at Georgia State University taught by Caroline Zimmerman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Survey of World History to 1500 in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
9292015 History 1111 The Persians 600 BCE 600 CE 1 PersianAchaemenid Empire a Monotheistic b Originated as agrarian villages and nomads c Moved south towards India and the Middle East 2 Kingdom of Medes a Kingdom was controlled through vassal families i Vassal a holder of land by feudal tenure on conditions of homage and allegiance b Cyrus 11 the Great i Wanted to create an empire and expand west ii Spread territory east through military might iii First coins developed in city of Lydia showed how advanced and organized the society was 1 This was before Aksum developed their coins iv Unified all of the Middle East except for Egypt 1 This is why he is called the Great Title is given to those who achieve incredible feats 2 The Great also refers to King of Kings made elevated status clear Symbolic Above all other elite statuses 3 Warfare a Persians were amazing at naval warfare i Galleys lOOfoot long boats with long oars ii Explored western Mediterranean iii Attempted circumnavigating sail all the way around Africa but failed 1 Wasn t just focused on obtaining territories Also curious about the world so they explored b Powerful military i Had mounted skilled archers ii Protected themselves and their horses with armor Key Words for Persian Army 1 Cataphracts horsemen with with protective Innovative armor consisting of iron scales sewn on powerful leather shirts Diverse 2 Hoplites hired soldiers Very well trained a Hired from nearby regions Not exclusively or homogenously Persian iii Main weapons 1 Shields 2 Armor 3 Thrusting spears c No standing army 4 Assimilating their huge territories a Had locals pay tribute Powerful enough to keep the local power in place 7 0 different ethnic groups Granted autonomy Worked with local legal systems while enforcing one overall legal system of their own Province governors supported the king Palaces in Iran wags 9292015 i Persepolis g Used imperial Aramaic as of cial language h Used clay tablets for writing and papyrus paper 5 Trade a Paid by giving percentage of their product instead of money No monetized system for trade yet b Accumulation of silver gold Used for luxury trade 6 Persian Royal Road a 1700 miles from Susa to Sardis by going through Arbela took 7 days to travel b Stations with fresh horses every 15 miles c Maintained the pathway
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