Lesson 14: The Coming of the French Revolution
Lesson 14: The Coming of the French Revolution Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Lesson 14 The Coming of the French Revolution 1789 Creation of the idea of revolution 0 Shaped how we conceptualized policies Liberalism o Equality under the law 0 Protection of human rights 0 Constitutions and representative government 0 Industrialization o Laissezfaire amp free markets Nationalism o Sovereignty derived from quotthe people 0 The nation superseded all other loyalties and was above the king church class and locality o The citizen is born lives and dies for the fatherland 1789 Financial Crisis amp Collapse of the state 0 French government in serious debt 0 50 of all debt went to servicing it French Government separated into 3 distinct states 1 Estates General a 1St estateclergy b 2nCI estate nobility c 3rCI estate everyone else 95 of French Society ower class paid most of the taxes i Peasant farmers paid 5060 of all revenue to French government 1 10 to Church 2 About 70 of the populations were small peasant farmers ii Little political power iii Difficulty resisting iv Want to be on the Church and Nobility s good side 0 Louis XIV had no money in the treasury 0 Decide to raise taxes even more 0 French government takes out a ton of loans to pay for their massive war debts 0 France was Crucial to US s victory over Britain 0 Tripled national debt 0 Aug 17th 1788 Louis XIV Calls into meeting an assembly in attempts to solve the problem of money 0 Estates General had not met since 1614 I Made a List of Grievances for them to address Representative bodies could vote for taxes Louis XIV wants help in solving this problem 1St amp 2nCI Estates wished to use this crisis to reduce the King s power and authority I Peasants want reduced taxes and representation 0 Wanted a more equal system 0 People from all estates could get together and elect representatives I 1St Estate 300 deputies I 2nCI Estate 300 deputies I 3rCI Estate 600 deputies 0 May 1789 Assembly meets for 1St time at Versailles 0 High expectations I Nothing really happens instead the delegates spend their time arguing over ridiculous and petty rules 0 Assembly spends time debating on how voting will work 0 Traditional Each of the estates had a vote I Vs 0 Each deputy had a vote 0 1St and 2nCI Estates wanted the traditional vote because they then would have the majority I 3rCI Estate wanted the individual votes 0 June 17th 3rCI Estate declared itself the National Assembly 0 Started meeting separately from the other estates June 20th They were locked out of their usual meeting space o Moved to a tennis court amp hold an impromptu meeting I Tennis Court Oath 0 They vowed not to leave the tennis court until new constitution is created Creation of new fo ru m of government 0 Took inspiration from the American Revolution Louis XIV is confused about what to do 0 Doesn t make any decision I June 21 Tells deputies of 1st amp 2nCI Estate to join the national system Louis XIV starts to second guess his decision he s then encouraged to assert his power by this government officials o Institutes troop movements July 1789 People of Paris notice these troop movements and become concerned 0 People begin to arm themselves 0 Believe Louis XIV will use military force in Paris 0 Prices of bread increase dramatically 0 People start looking for grain amp ammunition Storming of the Bastille July 1789 0 Located in Paris used to be a royal prison 0 During this time it was artillery I Soldiers open fire killing 98 people I Crowd eventually breaks in stealing weapons amp breaking out prisoners I Governor of the Bastille gets his head chopped off amp people parade around with his head on a pike Revolution is Born
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