Rococo & Neoclassicism (10/12-10/14)
Rococo & Neoclassicism (10/12-10/14) ARHS 1020
Popular in Art History Survey II: Renaissance to Present
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Art History
ARHS 1020 (Art History Survey II: Renaissance to Present)
verified elite notetaker
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Helena Cathey on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARHS 1020 at Tulane University taught by Delia Solomons in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Art History Survey II: Renaissance to Present in Art History at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
10112115 The Ancin Regime The Rococo c 17151770 The Ancien Regime Hyacinthe Rigaud 0 Louis XVI n ofrance in Royal Costume 1701 absolute monarch strictly elegant re ned trappings of power eurdelE coronation costume not everyday where shows his idea of kingship painting itself had power served as a standin for the king at political events 0 makes portraits as serious as lifelike as ancient Roman depictions of heroesleaders idea of portraits and power is important Versailles major work c 16501700 by Louis XIV French Baroque o ostentatious lavish grand display of wealth 0 before Rococo Salon de Guerre O O O O O O O O o goddess of war rebellion descent ironic considering the French Revolution would soon begin 0 king trampling enemies absolute monarch hero 0 Salon de ax w Galeri e Glaces 0 huge display of wealth mirrors were rarely that large 0 Louis XIV made all his of cials live with him to demonstrate his powercontrol them Andr Le Notre Gardens of the Palace of Versailles o demonstration of manthe king s ability to harness naturethe world and make it his own 0 extremely controlled tamed sharply manicured 0 Apollo fountain JeanBaptise Tuby Louis XIV compared himself to Apollo 0 water is widely used and an important feature Rococo c17151770 0 Louis XIV dies in 1715 officials get to run back home want interiors like Versailles quotRocaillequot are tiny shells gt nature pinks and light blues satin sheen 0 Architecture lavish but intimate and fanciful t for aristocracy not a king Germain Boffrand Salon de la Princesse 173740 einto the room o mirrors ring natur Watteau Pilgrimage to the Isle of C ythera 171819 O O large for Rococo art usually smaller because they were for intimate salons part real part fantasy gt pilgrimage to where Venus was born love fantasy sexuality Greek Gods everyone in typical aristocratic dress engaging in irty activities lighthearted not scandalous this was a new category of art didn t t into strict Academy guidelines quotf te galantequot I small easel painting with elegant people enjoying conversation music wealthy lifestyle in a secluded park setting I park setting tamed nature tamed society I the rich enjoying being rich light lofty brushstrokes no intervention from reality L in differen t 1 7 1 7 0 relationship with theater stock characters 0 if you re an actor acting where does your self go 0 does the painting portray the actor s own personality or a character 0 Watteau saw quotf te galantequot as acting gt french society sti ing fake Gile5 171819 0 o solemn portrait of himself Fragonard The Sing 1766 O 39fooling the bishop he s in the dark in more ways than one hint of clothing coming off scandy o cupid in on their game irtation secluded park setting greek mythology hallmarks of f te galante even if there aren t a bunch of people 0 Progress of Love The Meeting The Pursuit Love Letters 17713 0 O quot quotaquot o y th time Fragonard had nshed the oco was no longer in style 10114115 Neoclassicism Enlightenment and Revolution 17501830 0 response against monarchy rococo want to get away from the frivolity and elitism tied to enlightenment thinking 0 patriotism being one with the people committed to the populace vs to the elite and what they dictate everyone goes to Rome studies classical artists Panini The Roman Forum 1735 0 Interior of the Patheon 1734 Desprez 0 Temple of Isis at Pompeii 17801785 Hubert o A Draftman in the Capitolhe Gallery 1765 Jacques Germain Souf ot Panteon 5t Genevieve Paris 175790 ASSIGNED o originally a church for St Genevieve I later gets called the pantheon to give paris it s own pantheon I gets deconsecrated becomes a mausoleum for French enlightenment thinkers o corinthian columns dome pediment 0 all the ornamentindulgencerococo decoration is gone much more restrained pared down Side Note neoclassical architecture dominates US government buildings gives legacy history gravitasse if it looked baroque rococo it would symbolize elitism not patriotism JacquesLouis David Oath of the Horti 1784 7 pared down roman classical setting ornament is the enemy gt political against any single monarch having excess smoothed out almost perfectly naturalistic muscle tone vs brushstrokes of the Rococo restraint gt key word 3 brothers promising father they will ght to the death for Rome men are heroes female sentiment is wrong gt enlightenment is masculine outdated ideas of gender come back everyone s set in one plane related to greek and roman vase painting friezes Death of Socrates 1 787 o moment before he dies 0 both these pieces created before the french revolution before people will need inspiration to overthrow the monarchy challenge their superiors The Death ofMarat 1793 rst work he creates for the revolution still serious still restrained reduced palette gravitasse seriousness purpose austere somber subject is contemporary monarchy has been overthrown radical revolutionary responsible for reign of terror killed in his bathtub I martyr ultimate sacri ce for liberty 0 Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernhard Pass 18012 quotrs395 0 of cial royal painter for Napoleon Napoleon was basically a monarch but with all the trappings of revolution can t be depicted in the Rococo way updated exciting equestrian portrait Coronation of Napoleon and josephine 18067 0 O Ingres David s pupil 0 Napoleon On His Imperial Throne 1806 Ingres attempt to get tight with Napoleon shows Napoleon as the ultimate emperor when Napoleon is trying to be an emperor without being an emperor politically a problem stylistically a problem some neoclassicism shows Napoleon as Zuess quoteccentric medievalistquot outdated style God the Father in the Ghent Altarpiece in Paris for Ingres to see Byzantine frontality
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