Restoration, Revolution and Reform
Restoration, Revolution and Reform History 150C1
Popular in Europe in the Modern World
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by juan gomez on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 150C1 at University of Arizona taught by Minayo Nasiali in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Europe in the Modern World in History at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Restoration Revolution and Reform 0 Key terms from lecture Conservatism Liberalism Republicanism The Social Question Early Socialism The Restoration French revolution of 1830 Great Reform Bill of 1832 The Chartists 0 Key terms from lecture o Conservatism 0 0000000 0 Emphasis on tradition and precedent Stabilize the European hierarchical social order Believed that a monarchy protected political stability and that the nobility were the rightful leaders of the nation Leaders that believed that the old regime was the best form of government Believed privileges were passed down through the ages Social order was respectful of tradition Idea that quality liberty could be dangerous to maintaining the best order 0 Liberalism Stress importance of individual freedom Main function of government was to protect individual property rights Proponents of constitutional monarchies Wanted to extend the right to vote to all property owners especially the middle and upper middle classes Opposed voting rights for working classes the poor and women Everyone is equal but some are more equal than others Guaranteed liberty is the principle for government Liberals believed that the best way to promote freedom was a constitutional monarchies Extend the right to vote to all PROPERTY OWNERS especially middle class Property owners were the rightful participants in government Believed that property and education was prerequisites for involvement Were opposed to giving power to women stated that the proper place for women was the home Only male property holders could participate in elections The idea that liberalists believed about equality and unalienable rights at the same time they worked to limit some of the people who got rights Very people who are de ning liberalism they are extending privileges to themselves Promote free trade domestically and internationally Economic Liberalism Economic liberalism was a theory promoting ideas about the free market 0 Economic liberal thinkers supported government intervention to protect private property 0 But they opposed government intervention to regulate wages and prices 0 Opposed to systems of regulations 0 Alex Smith proposed the theory of the free market 0 David Ricardo argued that government limitations in economical markets would slow down economic growth 0 Republicanism A radical 19th century theory far to the left of liberalism that opposed monarchial rules of any kind Instead proposed that power and sovereignty was vested in the people of the state Republicanism like revolution was a 39dirty word to conservatives and liberals Republicans supported a government run by the people Wanted to give people a greater chance at voting 0 The Social Question Concentration of working class people in working slums and tenements Effects of industrialization Questions of sanitation as well as living conditions and working conditions Liberals debated possible solutions Emerging political group went to nd a permanent solution 0 Early Socialism A nineteenth century system of thought which was largely critical of the social problems brought about by industrialization Socialists were a diverse bunch of thinkers and espoused a number of ideas about how best to address the social question Socialists subscribed to many enlightenment ideas Robert Owen believed that the best way to deal with the Social Question was to move his workers to a utopian type model society Set good working conditions for his workers as an example Flora Tristan travelled around Europe and spoke with workers about the importance of unity She said that the best way to answer the social question was equality Flora Tristan and Louis Blanc supported the idea of the rights to vote Many in Europe looked at the social thinker s ideas and believed that they could be the answer to the problems ongoing o The Restoration Restoration of monarchy in France There is a con ict of new ideas and the old ideas 18205 Charles X actively gives more power to the church and supported the nobility This group of liberals was incredibly popular Revolution in July of 1830 Included radicals liberalists and a few socialists LouisPhilippe supported establishing a constitutional monarchy LouisPhilippe was known as the middle class king LouisPhilippe reduced taxes created infrastructure and subsidized industries LouisPhilippe is popular with the high class but unpopular with the lower class 0 French revolution of 1830 0 Great Reform Bill of 1832 o The Chartist