Lecture 8M: Establishing a Republic Notes
Lecture 8M: Establishing a Republic Notes 2010
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Notetaker on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2010 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Professor Shelton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Survey United States History I in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Survey of United States History I Lecture 8M Establishing a Republic Led by a king or emperor power lies in the hands of the individual states Articles of Confederation The governing document that bound the individual colonies together during the American Revolution Northwest Ordinances Lands gained after the American Revolution 0 Jefferson wanted to make these lands into 17 individual states 0 Only got 5 states out of the lands Yeoman Farmer People who started off poor and pulled themselves up Charles Pickney South Carolina delegate 0 Recommends we make our own government Constitutional Convention Meeting to write the constitution and set up the new government 0 Only 12 states sent delegates to the writing of the constitution Rhode Island didn t attend 0 Took place in Pennsylvania May 1787 0 A few of the founding fathers weren t actually there for the writing 0 Thomas Jefferson had nothing to do with the writing of the constitution he was in France 0 John Adams was in Britain 0 Patrick Henry thought the constitution was going to end in a monarchy and had no part in the writing 0 George Washington kept the Constitutional Convention together Independence Hall gPennsylvania State House 2 This is where the Constitutional Convention took place 0 People who wanted to be delegates and spies from other countries waited outside to hear what was happening 0 The delegates nailed the doors shut boarded the windows and had armed guards stand outside to keep people who weren t supposed to be there out 0 George Washington was chosen to be the president of the Constitutional Convention 0 James Madison was chosen as the secretary of the convention 0 Washington said the power of the government rests in the hands of the people 0 Power was the right to vote I Had property requirements in order to vote so poor white men couldn t vote either I No women I African Americans slaves and Indians weren t considered human so they had no rights I Only a quarter of the white male population could vote I Slavery was an issue brought up that they couldn t decide on Gradual Emancipation if you were a slave owner every year on January 1st you had to let a percentage of your slaves free I Some delegates were for this idea to end slavery including George Washington I New York was the biggest advocate for slavery and had the most slaves 0 The delegates gave up on trying to discuss the issue and said they would come back to it later Virginia Plan Strong centralized powerful government 0 Two house legislature Bicameral 0 Lower house elected by the people 0 Upper house chosen by the lower house 0 Higher population meant more power 0 Wants there to be one person in power who can override the rest of the government 0 Wants courts to make sure the executive stays in line and the government runs legally 0 Federal government can overpower state laws New J ersev Plan leans more towards confederacy legislative 0 One house unicameral 0 Same number of representatives elected 0 States have more power Great Compromise Roger Sherman Blends the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan 0 Bicameral 0 Lower house based on population 0 Census every 10 years Upper house chosen by lower house but all states have equal representation Lower house decides money bills 0 Executive and judicial branches have equal power with checks and balances Should NEVER have a federal government so powerful they can override states ThreeFifth Compromise Slavery is allowed 0 African slave trade allowed to continue for 20 more years 0 Slaves are property but you don t have to pay taxes on them 0 Others count as 35 of a person Ratification Putting a bill to the vote of the people 0 9 out of 13 states had to sign off on the Constitution in order to put the new government in place 0 Delaware was the first state to ratify 0 It took 6 months to get the 9 out of 13 votes 0 The new government started March of 1789 Constitution Created a legal national government that could levy taxes and it can be amended Bill of Rights First 10 amendments in the Constitution 0 First Amendment Freedom of speech press and religion I Have the right to speak out against the government without fear of repercussions I Freedom to worship God the however you choose 0 Taxes don t fund religious organizations Second Amendment Right to keep and bear arms and protect property 0 Wanted citizens to be able to protect themselves even from the government Third Amendment Never forced to quarter troops Fourth Amendment No illegal searches or seizures 0 Plain Sight Rule Things seen in plain sight can be seized and added to warrant if a legal search is being done 0 Right to privacy in your home Fifth Amendment Rights you have when you are arrested and charged with a crime 0 Due process I You have to be told your charges and you have the right to a speedy trial 0 Double jeopardy I Cannot be tried twice for the same crime by the same court 0 Eminent Domain I Government can force someone to sell land for public necessity for fair market value value decided by the government 0 Have the right to not incriminate yourself Plead the Fifth 0 Sixth and Seventh Amendment Right to a trial by jury 0 Can ask for a jury of your peers 0 Right to a public trial 0 Eighth Amendment Right against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment 0 Ninth Amendment Federal government cannot take away things we see as rights even if it is not written in the constitution 0 Tenth Amendment Unless the Constitution specifically says the federal government has the right to decide something then the decisions go to the states I 34 vote to change or add amendments 0 Robert Morris Called back after being fired to help them with finances and how to get money to pay off war debts 0 Finance Minister of new government I Shav s Rebellion First big rebellion in the US after the war 0 Led by Daniel Shays 0 Marched on government building property in Boston to protest the high taxes 0 Samuel Adams said a man who dares to rebel against the law should be put to deat O Realized government won t back down so they walked away and Shays and a few other of the leaders left for Canada to be old British citizens again 0 Democracv everything is put to a vote by the people 0 Not what we have in America 0 Republic Elected representatives act in the peoples interest Chief Executive Person who has a large amount of say in the government 0 George Washington was the first chief executive Chose not to have a monarchy and not be crowned as a king because they fought so hard against that in the war
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