Week 8 Lecture Notes - Period, Style, and Form
Week 8 Lecture Notes - Period, Style, and Form THFM 4600
Popular in Period, Style, and Form
Popular in Theatre
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh Schneider on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THFM 4600 at Bowling Green State University taught by Margaret McCubbin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Period, Style, and Form in Theatre at Bowling Green State University.
Reviews for Week 8 Lecture Notes - Period, Style, and Form
Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/16/15
Period Style and Form Week 8 MaLerism 0 Mannerism O A reaction to the norms and ideals of the High Renaissance and insecurities from the sack of Rome Mannerists stressed the abstraction and idealization present in High Renaissance work Artwork 39 New complexity of composition with an elongation of forms and strained elegance of figures I Surfaces of paintings appear hard and brittle with colors of metallic brilliance I Lighting is dramatic and weird Theatricality is the main focus with an obvious display of the artist s technical skill CounterReformation 39 Council of Trent held from 1545 1563 I Decided that any image that suggested false doctrine was forbidden 0 No taint of paganism in religious art I Complete nudity no longer tolerated in Church doctrine Barogue 1 0 About Baroque O O Baroque irregularly shaped or grotesque Steady economic progress and the development of strong centralized governments Age of Science begins I Too complex for artists to share Art is openly used to promote the glorification of kings and countries I Much was not intended for the church Art began as a response to Mannerism I Figures seem linked by vigorous rhythmically curved gestures and motions to more important beings All aspects of Baroque architecture were done for maximum emotional effect I Combined painting sculpture and architecture 0 About Baroque Architecture 0 Lines of Force threedimensional linear patterns that linked figures to each other and to space 0 Separate groups I Function 0 Whether a work had a political function or not I Technical 0 Linear Approach 0 Draftsmanship and pure line dominate o Painterly Approach 0 Color dominates I Stylistic approach 0 Classical Approach 0 Based on the concept of classical beauty 0 Naturalism o All aspects of life ugly and beautiful I Subject matter 0 ReligiousHistorical political GenreStill Life nonpolitical 0 Landscapes nonpolitical o Portraits either 0 Characteristics of painting I Enormous depth I Complexity I Lack of symmetry I Emphasis on receding diagonals 0 Painting 0 Italy I Caravaggio 15731610 0 Strong believer in realism and naturalism 0 His work appealed to both Protestants and Catholics 0 Had a strong in uence on Northern and Spanish painters 0 Known for compact groupings of solidly modeled figures 0 Went out of his way to shock people 0 Portrayed religious scenes in terms of everyday life 0 Lighting used for dramatic emphasis Matterof fact everyday presentation in his work was due to the CounterReformation I Artemisia Gentileschi 159316523 o The daughter of a painter who followed Carravaggio 0 Was part of a scandalous trial 0 Art teacher was accused of raping her 0 She was tortured to force her to tell the truth 0 In the end the art teacher was set free and her reputation was ruined The first woman in Western art to make a significant contribution to the art of her time Responsible for the spread of the Carravaggio movement in several Italian cities Being female made it easier for her to study female nudes Most surviving works are biblical or mythological with strong female figures I Carracci artists who painted in the Baroque style 0 France Combined the vigor and strength of Michelangelo the harmony and grace of Raphael and the color of Titian by copying their method of idealizing nature Work includes architecture and pagan nudes Pietro da Cortona o Relied heavily on trompe d oeil 3D in his frescoes Giovanni Gaulli Andrea Pozzo Salvatore Rosa 0 Created an uncontrolled world rather than calm idealized landscapes o In uenced the Romantic movement I Refer to this time as the Louis XIV style rather than Baroque I Art and literature are classic Of highest achievement A copy of form and subject matter of antiquity Suggest qualities of balance and restraint I Classicism was important because of Nicolas Poussin His taste set the official style of France even though he lived in Rome Won international fame thanks to his severe intellectual style The highest aim of painting is to represent noble human action in an orderly way I Charles Le Brun Started as a court painter and became supervisor of all the King s art projects Founded The Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1648 o Became director 0 Devised a theory for ranking all past and present artists I Claude Lorrain o A major French landscape artist but lived in Italy 0 Was not interested in narrative 0 Paid others to paint the people in his works 0 His romantic view of nature in uenced 19th century English landscape artists I Louis Le Nain 0 Not a classicist o In uenced by Northern traditions o Painted scenes of peasant life with quiet reverence I Georges de La Tour 0 Not a classicist o In uenced by Northern tradition o Reveals intimate scenes by night light 0 Flanders I Baroque becomes a play between human passions and destiny I Peter Paul Rubens o Broke down the barriers between North and South 0 Combined both styles in his work 0 Physical quality of his work is overwhelming I Anthony van Dyck 0 Known for his portraits of the English court 0 Started a tradition of the aristocratic portrait 0 Spanish I Religious painting is intended to be devastatingly real with a sense of vivid concentration I Diego Velazquez o A Spanish court painter who did mostly royal portraits 0 His great concern was with the optical qualities of light 0 Showed the movement of light and its effects on form and color instead of figures in motion 0 light creates the visible world I Barolome Murillo 0 Used a shifting pattern of light shade and color with an easy sense of weightlessness 0 Sculpture 0 Traits of Baroque sculpture are uid modeling movement special effects like wind blowing and a focused stare O O O I All presented in the most dramatic way possible Gianlorenzo Bernini I Created a union of body and spirit and a sense of drama I David 0 Shows where he sees the enemy and the space in between has energy 0 This relationship creates an illusion of presence I Comaro Chapel 0 One of his major pieces 0 Constantly seeking the maximum play of light and shadow and the most intense emotion and movement Puget o Represented a vivid Baroque realism Francis Girardon I Created a new type of freestanding tomb I Made a large amount of official and decorative sculpture for the King 0 Architecture 0 0 Preferred curves over straight lines ovals to circles and complex forms rather than simple Preferred the Latin Cross to the Greek Cross due to the Counter Reformation A tendency to treat facades like sculpture I Used elaborate ornament and rich materials for a fancy feel Most architects liked to work on a large scale Italy I Bernini 0 Designed The Baldacchino at St Peter s as well as the Piazza outside I Maderno 0 Designed the nal church facade for St Peter s I Borromini 0 Worked specifically in architectural forms with a controlled geometric system I Guarini 0 Designed the dome of the Chapel of the Holy Shroud o The interior surface disappears in a maze of segmented ribs 0 Only one other dome like this France I Mansardt 0 One of the most important architects in France o In uenced the combination of the French Renaissance architectural tradition With the Italian Baroque I Perrault 0 Designed the east front of the Louvre o This style helped define French palace architecture for a century I VauX Le Vicomte 0 First major French Baroque building 0 Built by Louis Le Vau Andre Le Notre and Charles Le Brun in 1657 0 These men then built Versaille 0 English I Almost skip over the Baroque and work in the Palladian tradition 0 Included a study of traditional classical design I Inigo Jones 0 Credited With introducing Palladian theories to England I Sir Christopher Wren o A mathematician scientist astronomer and architect 0 His most famous work is St Paul s Cathedral 0 Spanish I Architectural style is similar to the Italian but highly elaborate in detailing