Week 9 Lecture Notes
Week 9 Lecture Notes PSY 223
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley J Schuhl on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 223 at Illinois State University taught by Glenn Reeder in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Week 9 Lecture Notes Monday 101215 Two most frequently missed questions from Exam 3 0 According to lecture predicts that likeable or attractive sources are especially persuasive and in uential Hint Be sure to select the approach that makes a specific prediction 9 Balance theory 0 According to lecture the footinthedoor technique can produce a high level of compliance Why does it work 9 Changes in self perception Social Behavior of the Week 0 Love Describe someone you love 0 Also what is your attachment style See pages 3712 in your textbook Anxious avoidant or secure attachments Initial Attraction 0 Dale Carnegie 1937 offered a recipe I Be pleasant and smile I Compliment others say nice things about other people I Be interested in other people I Use the other person s name in conversation Two types of Liking o Affection experienced as emotional warmth and closeness 0 Respect liking based on another person s admirable characteristics Two styles of leadership and accompanying type of attraction o The task specialist is respected they know how to get things done but people may not feel warmth towards them 0 The socialemotional leader someone who receives our affection people find them likeable Two Theoretical Perspectives on Attraction o Reinforcement we like people who reward us people who do good things for us in some way people who are beautiful competent win championships 0 Evolution patterns of attraction favor conception and survival of offspring The ReinforcementAffect Theory of Conditioned Liking o A person associated with a positive or negative event is liked or disliked respectively I Example Dr Reeder s son found a 20 dollar bill in the parking lot of La Bamba and he really liked that restaurant after that Meeting at the right time can lead to more attraction you ll like someone more if you are in a good mood when you first meet them Characteristics of the actor that lead to liking 0 Physical attractiveness is noticed early This in uences I Dating preferences we prefer the beautiful Judgment of personality characteristics people who were rated physically attractive were also rated to have better personalities Teachers can even tend to favor the good looking children Iuries tend to go easier on a good looking defendant People think ugly equals bad think about Disney villains Why do we have a bias for beautyquot 0 O O O Aesthetics Overgeneralizations we judge a book by its cover Beauty and social skills people who work on improving themselves in all aspects will also work on their appearance Social profit from associating with beautiful people people might think better of you if your friends are good looking The bias seems unfair 0 Some people are just born lucky they re dealt a good hand of cards 0 In children it plants the seeds of a selffulfilling prophecy A study was done with female college students Researchers took pictures of a woman one makes her more attractive but the other makes her look more homely A man is then showed one of the two pictures and then they talk over an intercom If he got the attractive picture he s much more interested in her attentive The researchers listened to the conversation and the woman came across more personable when the man was given the more attractive picture Wednesday 101415 Children might be treated better if they re cute and we send implicit messages about whether or not they are valued and give them expectations about others Research shows that in adulthood looks may be less important 0 When they followed up with people 20 years later their attractiveness from youth had no relationship with their happiness and the happiness in their marriages relationships Competence and Liking 0 We respect competent people 0 Yet our affection sometimes goes to those with imperfections I Examples People love their children despite any aws Being too perfect can make someone less likeable Quirks about a significant other can be enduring Color and Men s Sexual Interest 0 Men find women wearing red sexier rate them more attractive 0 Women are more likely to decide to wear red on high fertility days Characteristics of Perceivers that lead to liking 0 Our arousal may be misattributed people get excited by situations your heart is pounding and that excitement gets transferred to your romantic partner 0 There s a swinging bridge that s over 200 feet above the ground People who walk across it get nervous Researchers approached men who were walking across and asked them to come up with stories based on pictures They compared the themes in the stories on a really safe bridge and there was more sexual imagery when they were on the swinging bridge The female researcher also gave them a phone number to get the results and the swinging bridge men were more likely to call Positive mood leads to greater liking The fit between perceiver and actor O O O O Similarity we like people who are similar to ourselves Two steps in similarityattraction relationship I Avoid people who are dissimilar I Approach similar others Extraverts get along with extraverts and introverts with introverts However two disagreeable people will clash Matching hypothesis 0 People choose partners of similar value the 3 B s beauty brains and bucks similar attractiveness intelligence and wealth Assortative mating 9 partners tend to pair off with similar income potential leads to greater income equality because then you have a powercouple On dating sites quothotquot people choose quothotquot people Physical appearance isn t the only important thing In fact time together decreases it s importance Beauty and the Beast Sex differences in resource exchange but both sexes tend to want someone who s reliable stable 0 Men often value physical attractiveness fertility cues healthy people are more fertile and chastity due to paternal uncertainty if the woman gets pregnant they want to be sure that they are the father 0 Women tend to value socioeconomic status or at least potential earning if they are young 0 Evolutionary perspective says such differences are at least partly genetic these traits were passed down from our ancestors I Evidence of this idea because these tendencies are seen globally the traits are pretty universal I Men who wanted to date with attractive fertile women our reproduced those who didn t and their genes were passed on to future generations I Women in the past liked men who had more resources would be more able to provide for their children 9 the children would be more likely to survive David Buss Evolutionary Psychology and Men s Mating 0 He found empirical data to support the similarities between animal mating and human mating o Criticism much evolutionary psychology fails to explain all the exceptions that are actually pretty common Friday 101615 Resource exchange What do women offer to men and what do men offer to women The reciprocation of liking 0 We like others who like us 0 The exception to this 9 Dr Reeder said we can expect to see this on a test Close relationships 0 Online Dating OLD is fundamentally different I Access to many potential partners you automatically know they are available compared to in a bar you don t know who is already in a relationship or looking for a relationship I Computermediated communication CMC talking over the internet or texting you can control their impression of you better than you could in person present a more desirable self I They use matching formulas 0 Does matching work in OLD I It screens out people who are outright undesirable people who admit to substance abuse problems records of abuse etc I For similarity Yes they are good at matching similarities for attitudes and values politics religion family values Similarity in personality isn t as important I But it ignores real interaction stress and promotes misleading destiny beliefs no relationship is perfect relationships hit tough patches but going through it can make the relationship stronger if people think the quotperfectquot person means everything will be easy they will give up at the first sign of tough patches Exchange vs Communal Relationships 0 Exchange relationships are based on reciprocity I Occurs with strangers or acquaintances if you lend an acquaintance money you expect they will pay you back very soon 0 Communal relationships based on responding to each other s needs I In family close friends or committed romantic partner Relationships with your parents they do things for you often without expecting anything in return Same Sex Friendships 0 Women s tend to be facetoface They talk about feelings interacting 0 Men s tend to be sidebyside They do things together watch the game together Three attachment styles 0 Secure Being low on both avoidance and anxiety I Securebase Script When I m anxious I can approach my partner My partner will support me I will then be comforted o Avoidant don t really want to get super close to your partner 0 Anxious ambivalent often lead to rollercoaster relationships 0 Can look at these as two spectrums Secure Low Low Avoidance Preoccupied High Amiiety Dismissive High Avoidance Anxiety Fearful Sternberg s Triangular Theory of Love Love has the following three COHlpOI39ICI39ItS o Intimacy tell each other secret o Passion how attracted you are to each other 0 Commitment Have you decided your relationship is forever Would you do anything for your partner Liking INTIMACY Romantic Love omponionote PASSION INTIMACY NTIMACY COMMITMENT Infotuo on Fotuous Love Empty Love PASSION PASSION o COMMITMENT COMMITMENT
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