New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Gender Identity

by: Michelle Notetaker

Gender Identity PSYC 3070

Michelle Notetaker
Human Sexuality
Pat Nebl

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is Pat Nebl's notes on Gender Identity and Gender Norms
Human Sexuality
Pat Nebl
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Human Sexuality

Popular in Psychlogy

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Notetaker on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3070 at Bowling Green State University taught by Pat Nebl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Bowling Green State University.


Reviews for Gender Identity


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/16/15
Gender Identity 19405 to 1970 DES was given to women under the belief that it would reduce pregnancy complications and miscarriage Mixed results whether prenatal DES exposure has any developmental impact on females and gender identity For males prenatal DES exposure related to trans the sex or gender that the individual feels themselves to be the culturally based summary of sexspeci c behaviors sexual preference recognized as M oery government agency birth certi cate driver s license etc behavioral sex differences result from 1 Differential exposure to hormones that act early in development to organize the neural circuitry underlying sexually dimorphic behaviors 2 Differential exposure to sex steroid hormones later in life that activate the neural circuitry previously organized Sexdetermining region of the Y chromosomes SRY SRY produces testis determining factor TDF triggers undifferentiated gonads to form into testicles during week 7 Mullerian duct system develops into fallopian tubes uterus and inner vagina Wolffian duct system develops into epididymis vas deferens and seminal vesicles n presence of ovaries or absence of gonads Mullerian ducts develop and the Woll an duct regress Testicles produce testosterone and Mullerian inhibitory hormone MIH Testosterone stimulates Wolffian duct development MH causes regression of Mullerian duct system in terms of external genitalia starting week 9 Genital tubercle develops into clitoris Genital folds develops into labia DHT is made from testosterone and causes genital tubercle to form into penis and genital folds to form into scrotum deveopment of one type of genitalia occurs at the expense of the other SND is a subnucleus of the hypothalamus within the MPOA MPOA associated with sexual behavior and mating In every animal studied the SDN is larger in males than females 23 times larger in males In rats femaes treated with androgens neonatally develop larger SDN maes castrated neonatally develop smaller SDN Disorders of Sex Development affects females only 12500 quotXOquot instaead of XX short stature approx 4 8 short nect with webbed appearance low hairline at back of neck and low ears Fail to develop breasts ovaries underdeveloped do not menstruate and internal reproductive organs abnormally develop Cognitive normal intelligence verbal skills normal but dif culty with visualspatial tasks and mathematics Social social cognitive de cits particularly with maternal X affects males only 1500 to 11000 often asymptomatic quotXXYquot instead of quotXYquot Small external genitalia fertility problems Feminized appearance enlarged breasts curved hipswaist lack of facial hair but taller and heavier than unaffected fathersbrothers Low or no sex drive and often passive and shy Cognitive below average intelligence delayed onset of speech difficulty learning to read and write and lifelong language difficulty XYY Syndrome Controversy to call it a syndrome Affects males only 11000 About 3 inches taller than average and severe acne Norma fertility and sex drive lncreased aggressiveness Cognitive learning and school related difficulties higher rates of ADHD and lmpulsivity More XYY males in prison population Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia CAH quotXXquot individuals Autosomal recessive trait chromosome 6 leading to excessive androgen production de ciency in speci c enzyme Exposed to excessive prenatal androgens mothers taking synthetic hormones prenatally leads to similar effects Masculinization of the genitals often surgically quotaddressedquot Masculinization of the brain more quottomboyishquot behavior more aggressive behavior increased likelihood of masculine gender identity quotXYquot individuals but raised female Body unable to detect and respond to androgens Norma external female appearance and feminized external genitalia short blindending vagina Absence of internal female genitalia no fallopian tubes uterus or cervix undescended testicles At puberty normal female development breasts etc Femae gender identity heterosexual orientation quotXYquot but raised female Unable to convert T to DHT Feminized external genitalia shot blindending vagina Uterus and fallopian tubes absent MIH secreted normally Testes epididymis vas deferens and seminal vesicles intact Often misdiagnosed as AIS at birth At puberty penis enlargement shoulders broaden hips narrow no breast development facial hair grows Adam s apple prominent Examined 38 subjects with 5aRedectase De ciency 18 raised as females All had normal testosterone levels for a male Duringafter puberty 17 of 18 changed to male identity and gender role suggests that exposure to T in utero and at puberty contributes to male gender identity suggests that exposure to T in Utero and at puberty overrides the sociocultural in uence of being raised female deveopment of gender role is exible At least until puberty ldentica twin brothers circumcised at 8 months old Due to a surgical mistake one twin lost his penis Upon doctor recommendation the parents decided to raise the child as a girl Name was changed from Bruce to Brenda surgery reconstructed more feminine genitals dressed as a girl and given girly toys lnitialy the result was considered a success Brenda rejected girls clothes and toys and imitated her father and frequently attempted to pee standing up during adolescence she became depressed after her parents told her the truth and she said that everything makes sense as and adult Brenda changed her name to David underwent surgery and male hormone supplements said that being a female didn t feel right OMfemale located between 2 sisters 1Mfemale located between sister and brother 2Mfemale located between 2 brothers higher interfemale aggression maes less interested in onger cycles less sensitive to chemosignals higher on sensationseeking scales better spatial ability sexual orientation effects weaknonexistent There are stable behavioral and psychological differences between males and females due to somewhat different recurrent adaptive problems that males and females faced over evolutionary history are consistent crossculturally can be seen somewhat in infants are similar to those seen in nonhuman primates foow evolutionarilypredicted patterns Food selection Food shortage Habitat selection Predator defense Parasite defense Social exchange Behavioral and psychological differences between males and females are socially constructed maes and females are born neutral society s expectations of male and female behavior construct how people are supposed to behave if society has identical expectations of males and females males and females would behave identicay the process of internalizing society s beliefs Gender schemas a set of ideas about gender roles created from interactions with the environment Media is very in uential in these processes Societa gender role have changed somewhat over time and across cultures


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.