Chapter 10 1010-07
Popular in Introduction to Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1010-07 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Nicholas Comotto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
Reviews for Chapter 10
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/16/15
Chapter 10 Emotion and Motivation 1 Motivation describe the wants and needs that direct behavior toward a goal i Intrinsic motivation based on internal feelings rather than external rewards ii Extrinsic motivation that arises from external factors or rewards iii Over Justification Effect intrinsic motivation is diminished when extrinsic motivation is given 1 Always the case 2 Why would expectations matter b Theories i William James 1 Instinct speciesspecific pattern of behavior that is unlearned 2 Drive theory deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs that result in psychological drive states that direct behavior to meet the need and ultimately bring the system back to homeostasis ii Robert Yerks amp John Dodson 1 Arousal 2 YerksDodson Law simple tasks are performed best when arousal levels are relatively high while complex tasks are best performed when arousal is lower 3 Achieving optimal level c Selfefficacy and Social Motives i Selfefficacy individual s belief in his own capabilities or capacities to complete a task ii Needs fit within domains d Maslow s Hierarchy of Needs i Hierarchy of Needs spectrum of needs ranging from basic biological needs to social needs to selfactualization II Hunger amp Eating a Physiological Mechanisms i Satiation fullness satisfaction ii Leptin satiety hormone iii Stages p x When our stomachs are empty they contract 2 Causing both hunger pangs and the secretion of chemical messages that travel to the brain to serve as a signal to initiate feeding behavior 3 When our blood glucose levels drop the pancreas and liver generate a number of chemical signals that induce hunger 4 Thus initiate feeding behavior b Metabolism and Body Weight i Metabolic rate amount of energy that is expended in a given period of time ii Selfpoint Theory assertion that each individual has an ideal body weight or set point that is resistant to change c Obesity i BMI Body Mass Index 1 Overweight adult with a BMI between 25 and 299 2 Obese adult with a BMI of 30 or higher 3 Morbid Obese adult with a BMI over 40 ii Is BMI a useful measurement iii Bariatric Surgery type of surgery that modifies the gastrointestinal system to reduce the amount of food that can be eaten andor limiting how much of the digested food can be absorbed d Eating Disorders i Prader Willi Syndrome rare disorder present at birth that results in a number of physical mental and behavioral problems ii Bulimia Nervosa type of eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging iii Anorexia Nervosa eating disorder characterized by an individual maintaining body weight that is well below average through starvation andor excessive exercise iv Binge Eating Disorder type of eating disorder characterized by binge eating and associated distress III Sexual Behavior a Physiological Mechanisms of Sexual Behavior and Motivation i Amygdala amp Nucleus Accumbens important for sexual motivation ii Medial Preoptic area of the Hypothalamus ability to engage in sexual behavior b Kinsey s Research i Key findings there are two different types of people gay and straight ii Kinsey Scale Homo Bisexual Hetero c Masters amp Johnson s Research i Observation of sexual activities ii Sexual Response Cycle 1 Excitement phase of the sexual response cycle that involves sexual arousal 2 Plateau phase of the sexual response cycle that falls between excitement and orgasm 3 Orgasm peak phase of the sexual response cycle associated with rhythmic muscle contractions and ejaculation 4 Resolution phase of the sexual response cycle following orgasm during which the body returns to its unaroused state 5 Refractory Period time immediately following an orgasm during which an individual is incapable of experiencing another orgasm d Sexual Orientation i Is it nature or nurture e Misunderstandings about Sexual Orientation i No creditable scientific evidence f Gender Identity i Gender Identity individual s sense of being male or female ii Gender Dysphoria diagnostic category in DSM5 for individuals who do not identify as the gender associated with their biological sex iii Transgender Hormone therapy use of hormones to make one s body look more like the oppositesex g Cultural Factors in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity i Could issues in our society in uence our sexual orientation IV Emotion a Emotion subjective state of being often described as feelings i ii Emotions are often thought to be consciously experienced and intentional 1 Subjective and affective state 2 Response to a stimuli Mood refers to a prolonged less intense affective state that does not occur in response to something we experience 1 Classified by objective behaviors amp physiological markers 2 Not a response to a particular stimulus b Theories of Emotion i ii iii iv Components of Emotion physiological arousal psychological appraisal and subjective experience J ames Lange Theory emotions arise from physiological arousal Cannon Bard Theory physiological arousal and emotional experience occur at the same time Schachter Singer TwoFactor Theory emotions consist of two factors physiological and cognitive 1 Physiological arousal is interpreted in context to produce the emotional experience Cognitive Mediational Theory our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus 1 How we interpret the stimulus 2 This interpretation is immediate c Biology of Emotions i ii Amygdala 1 Basolateral Complex part of the brain with dense connections with a variety of sensory areas of the brain it is critical for classical conditioning and attaching emotional value to memory 2 Central Nucleus part of the brain involved in attention and has connections with the hypothalamus and various brainstem areas to regulate the autonomic nervous and endocrine systems activity Hippocampus 1 Involved in the emotional processes d Facial Expressions amp Recognition of Emotions ii iii Cultural Display Rule one of the culturally specific standards that govern the types and frequencies of emotions that are acceptable Universal Emotions happiness sadness frights disgust contempt and anger Facial Feedback Hypothesis facial expressions are capable of in uencing our emotions Body Language emotional expression through body position or movement
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'