The Rise of Nations
The Rise of Nations 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
Popular in History
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
The Rise of Nations England amp France 1 England B ackground Roman Period c43AD409AD AngeloSaxon of Britain 450750 January of 1066 Edward the Confessor dies without an era to the thrownHarold Godwinson brotherinlaw becomes ruler a William the Conqueror 10661087 i Starts ad Duke of Normandy ii Battles Godwinson and becomes William the Conqueror iii Lays the foundation of things today 1 Land Redistribution a 16 kept to himself b Rest of the land went to the knights 2 Shire Reeve Sheriffs 3 National Taxation The Domesday Book 1086 a King collected taxes based on how much you owned b The Domesday Book was a book of inventory of the people of the land 0 Money went into defenses 4 One King overall a Represented by a Shire Reeve b Henry I 11001135 i The Exchequer 1 Like the IRS tax collector ii Chancellor head of the exchequer 0 Henry II 11541189 i Common Law 1 One Legal System a AngloSaxon Law b Roman Law 0 Customary Law ii King sent out 6 groups of 3 judges circuit judges 1 Judges went around listened to cases and wrote down verdicts a Established precedents to refer back to b Legal system became more effective 2 Book of Precedents made by 1180 1 John 1991216 i Loss of most territories ii If you did not pay taxes to the king you were thrown in jail 1 Forced to give a loan to the king that was not going to be paid back iii In 1215 Magna Carta 1 Great Charter a 61 clauses what the king could and could not do to the people i The two most important clauses 1 No free man shall be seized or imprisoned except by the lawful judgement of his equal or by the law of the land 2 No taxation without consent of people 2 Marks the foundation of the law of the land is higher than the king himself king is not above the law of the land e Henry III 12161272 i Creation of Parliament 1 Two Houses a Curia Regis Kings Council Nobles amp Clergy i Become house of lords b House of Commons Knights amp Townspeople 2 Prime Minister comes from the House of Commons 3 To pass anything it needs to be approved by both of the houses II France a Hugh Capet 987966 i In 987 feudal lords elected Hugh as King ii He made the thrown hereditary and Capetian kings would rule France for 300 years b Phillip II Augustus 11801223 i King John s enemy ii Land Acquisitions 1 More than doubled his land 2 Took most of John s territories including Normandy Maine Anjou Brittany iii Balli lords servant 1 Royal representatives in each province 2 Would collect taxes and be the judge 3 Would become Bailiff c Louis IX 12261270 i Strengthening of Royal Power 1 Forbidded warfare a Issued an ordinance prohibiting 2 Created peace and stability 3 National currency produced by royal mints 4 Parlement a Supreme Court King served as judge b There were no holds on the King d Philip IV 12851314 Estates General 1 Forming During this struggle with the pope Phillip rallied French support by settling up the Estates General in 1302 This body had representatives from all three estates or classes of French society a Clergy b Nobility c Townspeople Although later French kings consulted the Estates General it never gained the power of the purse or otherwise served as a balance to royal power Three Estates acted as legislative body
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