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Week 8 Lecture Notes

by: Jessica Twehous

Week 8 Lecture Notes SOCIOL 3100 - 01

Jessica Twehous
GPA 3.8
Recent Theories in Sociology
Kara McGhee

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These notes are straight from the lecture!
Recent Theories in Sociology
Kara McGhee
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 3100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Kara McGhee in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Recent Theories in Sociology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/16/15
Society as a Human Product social order not created by humans biologically but by human production made up of environmental factors not from environment social products of human externalization are unique in their context humans can39t exist in a vacuum habitualization any repeated action can form a pattern habitualization precedes institutionalization so how do institutions arise institutions are usually big groups of ppl but can be made with only 2 ppl institutional world is essentially an objective reality Lecture notes Berger and Goffman study everyday life mid 20s we scrutinized the normalmundane can39t take everyday life for granted and think it doesn39t affect sociology revnew Individual troubles reflect public problems the root of human experience is often not in individual experience but in the social structures and opportunities that both constrain and enable individual action c wright mills individual trouble affects a single person social problem affects everyone The Study of Everyday Life culture shapes desire but desire cannot explain action context is more important predictor for actions than values culture of poverty thesis lewis highly criticized Cornerville How does Douglas39 critique ring true in Whyte39s description of Cornerville Everywhere you go people are people poor people morality was important to them Inner Lives and Social Worlds inner lives belong to individuals social worlds are the social environment shared sense of meaning inner lives and social worlds are mediated by interaction not really that separate interaction is how anything happens Mucking up the binary the differences between these two are theoretical exaggerations in practice they are two sides of the same coin Where to direct our attention social interaction organization between individuals located in specific situations situations certain goals in certain settings setting a situation meaning and meaningmaking how we interpret and respond to things the quotself39 self concept self as a tool for social life how the self is produced in interaction AMthese are the things symbolic interactionists look at to study Nature v Nurture what feature of human life plays the largest role in shaping individual experience we39re predispoded to nature but the way things are and what we follow are from nurture we can39t assume that we39re wired to do a certain thing morals are established by different social orders Beyond the binary dynamic dialogical relationship between social and biological humans as social animals is unique social life change perceptions of what is natural and what is not not either or with nurture or nature but BOTH Neural Plasticity gradual shaping of the brain over the course of human life that illustrates the role of social environmental factors in brain development Presentation Garfinkel Inventor of ethnomethodology the investigation of indexical actions on ongoing Indexical action linguistic expression whose reference switches between contexts Not thought about Useful when proper names or descriptions are unavailable Objective expression unchanging Argument When we deal with practical problems we substitute objective expression with indexical expression Essential Reflexivity of Accounts practical actionstopics are sole product of their inquiries How does this relate to ethnomethodology the practice seeks to remedy indexical properties of members39 talk and conduct Notes Goffman o Responding to Parson39s quotsystem approachquot 0 An epistemological shift from structuralism 0 Interested in process of presenting quotthe selfquot to others 0 How are order and disorder maintained 0 Interested in place space setting quotencountersquot Ethnomethodology the methods of the people authenticity is almost an unattainable goal or we need to question how we define this Parson39s Functionalism quotThere is a stage there is a set but the actors do not movequot WF Whyte The Sociology of Everyday Life 0 Symbolic Interaction Mead Blumer Goffman we have meaning for objects through interaction 0 Labeling Theory Gans Chambliss when we name something it makes it powerful and gives it meaning of its own o Phenomenology Berger and Luckmann just because it doesn39t exist in the objective reality doesn39t mean it39s something you can39t study studying subjective reality 0 Ethnomethodology Garfinkel setting isn39t as important people39s strategies are what we39re looking at Ethnomethodology o The study of commonsense knowledge and the range of procedures and considerations by means of which the ordinary members of society make sense of find their way about in and act on the circumstances in which they find themselves 0 quotStudy of how is stuff possiblequot Topics vs Resources Structuralism 0 Gender 0 Class position 0 RulesNorms VS Symbolic lnteractionism o Doinggender 0 Resources in use 0 Sensemaking device Ethnomethodology Example Studies of Marital Equality there39s not always a way to define this and operationalize this but it differs between each relationship Garfinkel breaching experiments the quotrulesquot aren39t so apparent until you break them norms are tools that people use to maintain order little by little we can change the norms


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