PY 370: Week 8 Notes
PY 370: Week 8 Notes PY 370
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
1012 Psychoanalysis Levels of the Psvche Established by Freud toward the end of his career ld ego superego Id primal lowest level of functioning Runs pleasure principle Driving force of internal abandonment Deep unconscious small contribution to conscious mind quothoney badgerquot doesn t care dominance l mental abnormalities due to unconscious desires Superego moral guide conscience Learned later in life Unconscious small contribution to conscious mind Ego referee between id and superego Conscious mind Ex chocolate ld wants chocolate always superego avoids all chocolate for a healthy diet Ego has chocolate in moderation Precursor to Freudian theory on this concept St Augustine Psychoanalysts at the Time Had their own language Thought they were the only ones capable of solving deep problems Lucrative practice Cadlung Freud s friend and colleague Jung criticizes Freud s sexuality emphasis scienti c merit Freud demonizing sexuality portraying subconscious as negative l major falling out Jung pursues his own route of study introversion and extroversion Categorizing key in psychology Freud loses popularity credibility Freud s Death Legacy Knew he and his beliefs were under attack Died of physicianassisted suicide bc of mouth cancer Psychoanalysis still used today though not most popular American Psychoanalysis Society APSAA 35k members constantly looking to prove scienti c validity of psychoanalysis 1014 Behaviorism Review According to Freud the individual psyche is compose of three levels What are they Id Ego Superego Who is known for developing the terms quotIntroversionquot and quotExtroversionquot Carl Jung Who did Freud bring with him to America Carl Jung Which level of our psyche is considered to be the referee Ego The Id is like what type of animal Honey badger Setting the Stage Unconscious not allimportant other ways of understanding human behavior Tangible visible measurable measures Freud battled this idea until death regardless of criticism Before Behaviorism Psychology now scienti c study of mind brain and behavior behavior most recent addition added during behaviorist movement Behaviorism concept that behavior results from stimulus and arises as a response to that stimulus Comparative Psychology comparative study of animal behavior to discover general principles of behavior Precursor to Behaviorism Animal subjects cheap labor no concerns about rights violations consent Key observation animal behavior similar to human Laws of learning animals and humans learn similarly Harlow39s monkeys study of attachment in monkeys Food v cloth mother doll Findings applied to humans Edward Thorndike father of comparative psychology MA upbringing in uenced by William James book James mentored Thorndike Animal study chickens Kicked out of apartment Moved to James house Puzzle box new way of studying animal behavior Animals inside gure out how to escape lever Increased speed over time Basic learning association training conditioning Findings Law of Effect repeat behaviors if l good outcomes Basic as learning gets Wellknown supported At root of operational conditioning not classical Operant Conditioning B F Skinner Operant conditioning we OPERATE on our environment Ex coming to class l good grade coming to class CYCLE reinforced Skinner quirky failed writer l psychologist Skinner expands law of Effect Pushes operant conditioning into limelight Birds playing pingpong Scoring point get food Separating factor reinforcement positive or negative Positive reinforcement behavior l gain bene t Negative reinforcement behavior l removal of negative expenence NOT punishment IMPORTANT understanding of how to controlpredict behavior Ex slot machines reward if pull handle certain of times Ex online games reward after certain amount of time lvan Pavlov Aspiring priest l physiologist lnitial negative perception of psych not quothard sciencequot like physiology Original interest salivary glands studied in dogs Finding dogs drool when want food Nobel Prize fame birthed concept of classical conditioning 1016 Behaviorism Review What area of psychology looked at how animals compared to humans Comparative Psychology Behavior that leads to something good is likely to happen again is part of what law Thorndike39s Law of Effect Who developed the Law of Effect Edward Thorndike Ivan Pavlov was originally interested in what before accidentally discovering classical conditioning Salivary Glands Classical Conditioning Pavlov Re exes responses Unconditioned Response Natural unlearned Ex drooling for food Conditioned Re ex Learned re exresponse over time Large part of every day life Ex bell for food bell l drool even when no food Ex shampoocologne makes you think of someone Vladimir Bekhterev Similar ndingstime as Pavlov ndings in people not dogs Hated each other rivalry 1st psych lab in Russia told Stalin mentally ill l murdered Watson Poor dysfunctional family from SC Father left family when he was a teen Possible reason behind his own adolescent trouble and adult in delity Antiintrospection Not scienti c Consciousness for philosophers Interest observable behavior Environment behavior Heavy in uence from John Locke Behaviorist manifesto Confusion about direction of eld Columbia University lecture direction of psychology Move past psychoanalysis make quotrealquot science quotPsychology as the Behaviorist Views Itquot 4 Goals of Psych 1 describe 2 Explain 3 Predict 4 Control behavior and mental processes 3 and 4 bc of Watson s in uence stem from Behaviorist movement becomes president of APA in uenced direction of eld hated psychoanalysis quotvoodooquot in letter to Freud l feud Little Albert famous experiment lnduced fear of white rat in baby by pairing with loud noise Eventually just sight of rat would bother baby Discovery fears are learned conditioned not innate Certain that could form baby into anything through conditioning Genes not important Interaction with environment behavior Watson s in uence popularity Watson gt Freud l Freud s in uence waning Nurture gt nature Pavlov more known than Bekhterev bc Watson cited him Reasons for popularity Simple concept Enthusiastic support of research Negativity toward Watson Too simple of an idea humans more complex than Watson indicates Consciousness important Later life problems Son s suicide alcoholism children taken away affair Nervous breakdown burnt unpublished works reclusive life Behaviorism still used today effective Ex teachers stars party Ex more hours bonus Conclusion Behaviorism dominated for years one of most powerful schools of thought Response to psychoanalysis