INR 3933 lecture notes
INR 3933 lecture notes INR3933
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Alvarez on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INR3933 at Florida State University taught by Rob Carroll in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in International Relations in Political Science at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
10115 De ning War The most famous attempt to define something is Plato The Republic What is Justice Definition of war Purposedriven last resort Who fights Tribes States Intensity someone has to die m has to have borders territory provides security government etc War is the kind of thing Where power helps so What is 1m It can be soft material institutionally defined It is rational Coercion and deterrence you can limit the options of the other party What is 1m The absence of Violence 101615 Mueller Ch 2 All states are essentially the same except for their strength and how big they are neorealism Mueller why is this Think about everything that happens within the countries and how war affects that happens War is a reason for forming states in the first place and the only reason we have states is to help us fight wars collection of people The nature of warfare gives us an idea of how to organize ourselves Military revolution The thrust of Mueller s argument Technology required more training Warfare in Europe turned into something that was statesanctioned which required the formation of states Violante gets bigger and requires more info Liquor makes people violent and effective fighters used up to the 1600 sMedieval Times savage warfare One reason war is on decline is because we got more civilized and the reason we are more civilized is due to technology It s difficult to control armies without bureaucratic control the most effective bureaucracies in the world now are armies 9 maintains order and incentivizes not leaving the war Institutions were designed because armies were getting too big 9 leads to abstractions the state 9 then nationalism 1648 Peace of Westphalia the end of the Thirty Years War gt m to this war were smaller and very frequent princeslordsetc gt war becomes biggermore violentinstitutionalizedstate leadersmore organizationmore intensemore legitimate now for policy and political purposes vs prior when it was about Kings lleaders personal matters 9 only fight when we have to Different forms of political institutions get money from people for war in different ways rent gt How money is collected to fight defines what kind of institutions states have today Antiwar sentiments page 32 and more war comments page 35 gt Important people hundreds of years ago though war was an important condition 2 51 any sltl mhuni 513 less an sitHt 101515 Goldstein amp Pinker Chqpter 5 0 Goldstein and Pinker s enterprise is different than Mueller s G amp P Violence has declined percentages vs raw totals natural empathy gt Has Violence declined If so why are we all so wrong about it If so why gt Goldstein page 42 emergence of newnorms because of a strong enough state and invention of new weapons nuclear
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