Week 8 Lecture Notes
Week 8 Lecture Notes HIST 2030
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Martinez on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Derek W Frisby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Week 8 Lecture Notes History 2030 The War of 1812 In the 1800 s the power is mostly in the West in New Orleans Jackson was really all that stood between the British and the New Orleans as the soldiers were elsewhere fighting When the British attempt to take New Orleans they attempt to cross muddy sugar cane fields where they meet Jackson and his ragtag army of lawyers farmers freemen and pirates The battle ends in about 30 minutes the British with around 2500 casualties and Jackson with a mere 17 casualties The British and it s nest army retreats making Jackson the hero of the Battle of New Orleans Jackson s victory of this war discredits the Federalists of the North who were pushing for the cessation of TN America s unity at this point is credited to Jackson winning this Battle Sevier and Jackson s status at this time will re ect the rise and fall of power in the divisions Sevier in his declining social status and health re ecting the fall of power in the East and Jackson as a rising star and hero will re ect the rise to power of the West Thus Jackson is seen as the embodiment of nationalism as America thought they were just as much a nation as the others J acksonian democracy brings changes to the economy relieving some debt and changes presidential from complete electoral college choice to actual popular votes being counted Birth of the Economy in the J acksonian Era There was an idea that the government should be used as an auxiliary and this is seen in Adam Smith s Wealth of Nations written in 1776 Thus the government becomes a regulator for money this will lead to transportation revolution including roads turnpikes canals steamboats and railroads Education Reform Education is seen as the key to a democracy and deemed necessary by the government However any schooling beyond grade school still had to be paid for individually Criminal Code Reform If caught breaking the law the punishment was branding on the hand Even though the punishment was something that would forever be with that criminal as it was on their hand there was an idea that criminals were not born bad and were a result of the world around them so they could change This result in a penitentiaries being set up and opportunities offered for those in prison and after prison Electoral Reform The voting requirements were only that the man voting had to be a citizen and of age Citizens got to choose their speakers not the government for them Slavery Very few thought both races could live together and believed slavery should end but that the slaves be sent back to Africa Abraham Lincoln and George Washington were some that felt this way TN and VA almost put an end to slavery before joining the union because they were the two states that made the confederacy possible but they did not want slavery Constitution of 1835 and the Opposition of Middle TN Taxes began to be charged for land value not quantity Middle TN was more valuable meaning they would have to pay more taxes so they opposed the tax This is one of the rare times the East and the West will come together to outvote the Middle bringing the new constitution into effect William Carroll Was the subordinate commanding general in the Battle of New Orleans The longest serving governor of TN interrupted by Sam Houston 0 Wanted to serve longer and tried to use the new 1835 constitution as an excuse claiming that as there was a new constitution his term would be starting over 0 Carroll s attempts at a renewed term are challenged and beat by the Whig party Jacks onian Politics 0 People wanted Jackson to run for presidential of ce in 1824 he didn t want want to but he did 0 Corrupt Bargain of 1824 At this time it seemed that it was almost necessary to have been Secretary of State before being president In this election there were four candidates Jackson John Quincy Adams son of the former President John Adams and Secretary of State Henry Clay Speaker of the House of Representative from Kentucky and William Crawford Secretary of the Treasury from Georgia When the popular votes were counted Jackson had the most votes in his name but still lost the election John Quincy Adams convinces Henry Clay to persuade his friends in the Electoral College to vote for Adams promising Clay that when the victory goes to Adams he would make Clay secretary of state ensuring his as the next president After several dirty campaign strategies John Quincy Adams wins the presidential election but will lose the 1828 election to Jackson Election of 1828 0 Jackson ends up winning this election by an overwhelming amount of votes 0 Unfortunately his wife Rachel dies a few weeks after Jackson s victory 0 Jackson becomes very vengeful and blames everyone for Rachel s death gaining the title of King Andrew 1 as he takes every advantage of his veto power and doesn t hesitate to assert his position of power 0 Jackson s role as president will make the executive position what it is today making the separation of power more prominent Tariff and Nullification 1832 Tariffs were made to protect infant American industries by raising prices on foreign made goods until the American companies could be made more affordable Jackson approved of the tariff but some of the southern states like South Caroline didn t want to collect the tariff and instead to nullify the law The south thought that because Jackson too had come from the south he would be more lenient with them but Jackson is not and sends the army to there to invade and enforce the law Upon the army s arrival to South Carolina they send word to Jackson saying that they wanted to negotiate the terms of the tariff A compromise is reached stating the tariff stands but will be removed after a few years This is the South trying to see how far they can get away with pushing Jackson and the ever prominent slavery issue and is basically their dry run on cessation South Carolina has the largest slave population As a slave holder Jackson is in favor of keeping the slaves they already have but not letting it spread so he censors the mail from the Northern Abolitionists James K Polk Speaker of the House of Representatives decides that they should just not speak about the slavery issue in hopes that it will die out if it does not expand Polk called Young Hickory is asked by Jackson to be president so that Polk can finally deal with the slavery issue Polk starts a war with Mexico over Texas wins and now must face the question of whether or not to allow slavery to expand in the territories Polk ends up annexing TX In the 185 00 s Southerners will meet in TN to succeed from the Union but it gets shut down The Compromise of 1850 is created but in the1860 presidential election John Bell runs with the platform to yet again ignore the slavery issue but will lose to Abraham Lincoln South Carolina leaves the Union because of Lincoln s views on slavery In February 1861 TN rejects the cessation of slavery and causes a domino effect of states rejecting the cessation April 12th 1861 South Carolina starts the civil war
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