Psych 105 Week 8 Notes
Psych 105 Week 8 Notes Psych 105
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annabelle Hutson on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 105 at Washington State University taught by Johnathan Preszler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Week 8 Notes Psych 105 Professor Preszler There is only one day of notes for this week because of the exam on Tuesday Memory a group of related mental processes which are involved in acquiring storing and retrieving information Three Major Processes Encoding Transforming info into a form that can be entered and retained by memory system Storage retaining info in memory so that it can be used at a later time Retrieval going back and recalling that info The Stage Model of Memory 0 Sensory Memory registers a great deal of info from environment for a very brief period 14th of a second to 3 seconds 0 Short Term Temporarily holds all info you are currently thinking about or consciously544 aware of approx 20 seconds 0 Long term long term storage of info potentially for a lifetime potentially permanent duration Function of sensory memory is to briefly store sensory impressions so that they overlap slightly with one another Used to perceive the world as continuous rather than a series of disconnected visual images or disjointed sounds Sensory Memories Sperling39s experiment reciting letters people have a limited capacity to remember the letters there is only so much time Visual Sensory Memory iconic memory bc it is the brief memory of an image or icon 0 14 12 of a second Auditory echoic memory 0 3 seconds Short Term quotWorking Memoryquot STM provides temporary storage for info transferred from sensory and long term memory Duration 20 seconds 0 Can be retained longer throughout maintenance rehearsal 0 Info loss may be due to decay or interference from new or competing info 0 Can be increased by chunking or maintenance rehearsal 0 Mental or verbal repetition of info 0 Current Research Magical Number is 4 plus or minus 1 when chunking not an option 0 George Miller Magical Number 7 plus or minus 2 Losing Info in you STM o Decaying when something fades from memory from lack of rehearsal o Interference competing info takes the place of the info in your STM Baddeley39s model 0 Main distinction is that working memories refer to the active conscious manipulation of temporarily stored info LongTerm Memory LTM provides storage for info for extended period of time Duration 20 seconds Limitless Storage capacity Encoded elaborate rehearsal self reference effect visual imagery Type of Info in LTM 0 Procedural Memory how to preform different skills operations and actions this includes muscle memory 0 Episodic Memory memory of a specific events or episodes 0 Autobiographical Memory memory of life events 0 Semantic Memory general knowledge Elaborative Rehearsal type of encoding that focus39 on the meaning of the information the use of visual imagery helps Explicit Memory info or knowledge that can be consciously recollected Memory and Culture culture shapes someone39s self Clustering related items are clustered together to form higher order categories Listed items are remembered better if they are presented in categories Facilitates better memory Semantic Network Model 0 Mental links from between concepts 0 Common properties provide basic for mental link 0 Spread in any number of directions activating other association networks Retrieval process of accessing and retrieving stored info in long term memory Retrieval cue clue prompt or hint that can help trigger recall of a storied password Tip of the Tongue Experiences when you know you know something buy cannot find the info clearly y7
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