Chapter 6 notes
Chapter 6 notes HDF 302-02
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Roosa on Friday October 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 302-02 at Central Michigan University taught by Linda Traum in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Infant and Child Development in Education and Teacher Studies at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
1 Intro a b Date 101415 Intro to chapter six Around 68 weeks is a major Development Transition i Motor movements purposefuldeliberate ii Increased perception acuity iii Walking and attention span improve rapidly iv Establish and maintain eye contact demanding crying wines and social smile emerges 1 Social smile is in response to something it is a type of reinforcement Changes lead to longer adultinfant interactions and the beginning of social play 2 Physical Development a At birth babies on average are about between 1921 inches long and weigh between 78 pounds i Boys tend to be heavier and longer By 6 months height increases by 50 while weight is increased by a factor of 2 Individual differences become larger with age i As infants get older their height becomes a better indicator of adult height ii All because an infant does not fit into percentiles that does not always mean that there are problems with the infant Date 101415 3 Motor Development a b Motor development changes with physical development Areas that change or improve i Posture control ii Locomotion iii Movements of hands are arms People develop from the core outwards to the limbs hands and fingers are the last things the infants gain control of Scaffolding can be used to help infants improve developing physical and motor skills for example if an adult helps or coaxes an infant to keep trying it can help them when their motor skills are developing A babies ability to perform motor skills depend on two factors i difficulty of the task ii support system and resources in the environment Cultural differences i Mali mothers put babies through a type of work our 1 Training in sitting and standing muscle stretching suspending 2 Many African babies have advanced motor coordination compared to causation babies ii Navaho infants would spend many hours strapped tightly onto cradle boards 1 Motor development is slower than that of other groups 9 Date 101415 In summary i Motor and physical development in the first half year is the result interaction between infants adults and the environment ii the ability to perform a coordinated task is based on three systemic factors Task Q Environmental A Support Existing iibililties 4 Perceptual Development a b C Major shift in perceptual development between 2 5 months infants begin to recognize amp prefer meaningful patterned stimuli By 3 months infants can differentiate familiar from unfamiliar faces amp prefer faces over nonface stimuli They prefer faces from their own ethnicracial group over faces from a different group amp attractive faces over less attractive ones They can recognize a smile the infant is able to perceive meaningful wholes because human infants are predisposed to finding the similarities and differences between things p 276 Auditory Development i Infants recognize and prefer their mothers voices at birth Date 101415 ii Infants seem able to detect different emotions expressed in the voice earlier than they can see differences between facial expressions h Crossmodal Perception i The ability to integrate information coming from at least two sensory modalities 5 Cognitive Development a Habituation i 25 months ii Speed of habituation is an early index of cognitive differences b Memory i From birth infants have shortterm memories lasting several hours or days ii Longterm memory by 3 months infants can remember situations for up to 2 weeks iii Lack of stability in the environment may have negative consequences for cognitive development 6 Emotional Development a 3 related topics i Expression H Expenence iii Regulation b Distress anger and wariness Date 101415 i Onemontholds functional expressions are primarily related to the emotion of distress crying generally with eyes closed c After two months expressions of attention and enjoyment i look for longer periods amp can more easily shift gaze from one thing to another related to brain development ii more complex expressions of attention iii Duchenne smiles are likely to occur during motherinfant faceto face play when the infant is held upright and is able to see the mother smiling and talking 7 Family and Society a Family systems theory each member of the family is a part of a feedback system with every other family member b Birth of baby brings major changes for a family i after a child is born parents must learn to cope with a lot of new conditions including a total alteration of lifestyle lack of sleep and the adjustment of the marital relationship to include new family members
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