Intro to Classical Myth; Greek Creation
Intro to Classical Myth; Greek Creation CLT3378
Popular in Mythology: East and West
Popular in Classical Studies
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Maynard on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLT3378 at Florida State University taught by Mark Buzbee in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 90 views. For similar materials see Mythology: East and West in Classical Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
CLT3378 10815 Intro to Classical Myth Greek Creation 0 Early Greek History 0 Minoan Period c 31001000 BCE on Crete o Mycenaean Period c 16701190 BCE on mainland Greece I Linear B script emerges earliest Greek writing we were able to decipher 0 End of Late Bronze Age c11901020 BCE o quotThe Dark Agesquot c 1020900 BCE I Mediterranean wide Migration I Previous cultures seem to disappear o Geometric Period 900700 BCE I Stabilityformation of citystates Greek alphabet lliad and Odyssey Homer and Hesiod First Olympic Games 776 BCE o Orientalizing Period c 730 630 BCE I Near Eastern in uence 0 Who was Hesiod 0 Ancient Greek poet lived c 750650 BCE I Unlike previous myths we now have an author that has recorded said myths o Wrote Theogony and Works and Days 0 Theogony I quotBirth of the godsquot 0 Works and Days I Toil and pain make up the human condition I Agricultural manual of sorts I Five Ages of Man I Biographical information about Hesiod himself 0 How we know when he lived 0 Born in Ascra moved to Kyme Theogony 0 Written during the literary origins of Ancient Greek society I Transitional time oral to literary Myths may have been changed during transitional time o Citadels replaced by hundreds of citystates or poleis singular polls I Ex Athens and Sparta o No uni ed state at this point separate citystates compete with each other for resources 0 Exciting How human beings tried to make sense of the creation of their world without the in uence of modern technology I Made up myths to explain anything and everything in their world 0 Invocation to the Muses lines 1115 I Muses daughters of Zeus and MnemosyneMemory I Hesiod calls upon Muses to give him insight 0 Can tell truth or ction I Traditional beginning Muses inspire poets I Hesiod Shepherding on Mt Helicon as myth begins 0 Themes of the Theogony o Theogony is both a creation and succession myth Sons supplant fathers for power and to rule all the gods Ex Ouranos to Kronos to Zeus o Castration Vomiting cannibalism incest Cosmic con ict 0 Hymn to Zeus King of Greek gods Attests to the origins of his power Hesiod s Eight Stages of Creation 0 1Prima rst Gods Only gods not born from other gods Chaos Chasm empty space nothingness Binatural space and god Gaia earth Binatural not formed from Chaos 0 Foundation of Mt Olympus Believed by Greeks Tartarus Dark abyss underworld Prison for gods bc it is an underworld kind of place 0 Used to separate good and evil 0 Binatural quotIovesexualdesirequot Binaturaabstract concept and a god 0 Personi cation of love 0 2Erebos and Night Both created from Chaos Parthenogenesis quotvirgin birthquot asexual reproduction Erebos place of underworld where souls went Erebos Night Aether Bright Air and Day Gaia produces Ouranos Hills and Pontus Ouranos heaven surrounds Gaia Pontusquotseaquot Parthenogenesis o 3 Gala and Ouranos Incestial sexual relationship occurs because there are not enough existing gods outside the family Three sets of children Titans 12 of them Oceanus Thethys Kronos Rhea Themis lapetus etc Cyclopes 3 of them one eyed locked in Tartaros by Ouranos quotHundredHandersquot 3 of them hidden away by fatherOuranos inside of Gaiaor Tartarus also 0 Possibly within the core of the earth 0 4 The Castration of Ouranos Gaia s revenge for Ouranos having locked away her children Kronos son of the titans lies in wait Sickle of adamant long curved blade used to cut grain very similar to steel Genitalia thrown into the sea Aphros sea foam froth o Occurs when the genitalia is thrown into the sea Aphrodite arise from the sea foam 0 Eros and Desire twins follow her was she born pregnant Was she pregnant when she rose from sea Free Cyclopes and HundredHander at rst later changes mind returns them to Tartarus where they are imprisoned again 0 5 Kronos current king of gods and Rhea Dethroned father Ouranos by castrating him Incestial sexual relationship First Generation Olympians Greek nameRoman name Hestia Vesta hearth home Demeter Ceres agriculture grain Hera Juno queen of the godswife of Zeus frequently depicted as jealous bc of Zeus affairs women marriage Hades Pluto Underworld death Poseidon Neptune sea rivers earthquakes horses 0 Thought of with things that make the ground move Zeus Jupiter king of godsmarried to Hera weather law fate o 6 Kronos devours children KronosRhea Prophecy foretold that he will be overthrown Kronos freaks out Children swallowed children are immortal so they remain alive within his stomach Gaia tells daughter Rhea to hide Zeus on Crete Rhea gives birth and wraps children up and he is raised in a cave Stone wrapped up like a baby and given to Kronos to eat Zeus grows up on Crete Kronos vomits up stone and all his children Stone Name of stoneOmphaos still at Delphi today Oracle to Apollo o 7 Zeus and Olympian defeat Kronos and the Titans con ning them in Tartarus lll Titanomachyines 617721 0 quotTitan Battlequot 0 ln Thessaly bn Mt Olympus and Mt Othrys 0 Very similar to Marduk s rise of power in Egyptian myth 10 year stalemate HundredHanders released Zeus obtains thunder and lightning from released Cyclopes Zeus hurls thunderbolts everywhere causes re winds and earthquakes 0 Turns the tide of the battle Zeus and HundredHanders prevail Titans imprisoned in Tartarus All imprisoned Not Prometheus son of lapetus o 8 Zeus becomes king of the Olympian gods He weds and swallows Metis begetting Athena Metis second generation Titan daughter of Oceanus and Tethys Metis quotapplied intelligencequotrepresents concept Name depicts the progression of Zeus he becomes a wise ruler she councils his decisions Metis pregnant with Athena Zeus concerned prophecy may affect him toodoes not want his children to supplant him Zeus swallows Metis so that she may counsel him from within Kills two birds with one stone becomes wise and also takes care of child Athenawisdom born through Zeus head wisdom is in your head had to explain how the child was born since males cant give birth Born wearing traditional Greek military dress 0 Side Story Zeus and Typhoeus 0 Version 1 Theogony Lines 820880 0 Version 2 Takes place at the end of the Titanomachy EarthTartarus two primal gods take part in sexual incest and produce Typhoeus 0 One hundred snake heads with ashing re 0 Typically depicted with snake body because the one hundred heads would be tedious to draw Zeus challenged must do something to maintain power Zeus lightning vs Typhoeus re Zeus unleashes lightning banishes Typhoeus to Tartarus Storm winds that can wreck havoc on ancient Greek sailors believed to be the quotremnantsquot of Typhoeus Apollodorus A Gift From Apollo Library Greek mythological handbook 1st or 2nOI century CE 0 Author unknown PseudoApollodorus argued whether it was actually written by Apollodorus Account o EarthTartarus Typhon Manbeast hybrid 100 dragon heads lower body of coiled vipers winged Gods ee Zeus attacks with thunderbolt and sickle of adamant same weapon used to castrate Ouranos by Kronos Sinews tendons of Zeus hands and feet cut by sickle Zeus throne into a cave and guarded by shedragon in cave Hermes sneaks past dragon and returns sinews tendons to Zeus Zeus escapes cave and gets passed she dragon pelts Typhon with thunderbolts throws Mt Etna ancient volcano upon him Plato Timaeus 0 Different version of Greek creation 0 Plato c429347 BC Greek philosopher o Timaeus Socratic dialogue written conversation involving Socrates and other Greek philosophers c 360 BC Socrates very matter of fact would change your thinking using logic arguments kind of disliked 0 Creator god inherently good being Wants everything that is disorderly to become good like himself Order gt Disorder Puts intelligence into soul soul into body every living thing has a soul grass animals humans etc World living god with soul and intelligence Composed of equal proportions of water air re and earth Single solitary heavenly sphere that turns in a circle World soul all living things in the world are intrinsically connected 0 Every living thing has a little piece of the world soul within them linking them together to sense how they all feel