Week 8 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics
Week 8 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics PSCI 2012-100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Mortimer on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012-100 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Andy Baker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
Monday October 12 2015 Intro to Comp Politics Week 8 Methods of Analysis in Comparative Politics I Answering questions about cause and effect A Hypothesis a testable argument about cause and effect educated guess B Data observable information allows you to test a hypothesis 1 Variable something measurable that can vary a Independent a variable that causes something else to happen attribute b Dependent a variable that is caused by the independent variable outcome C Cases the things or units that we observe II Examples A Why do some countries have more parties than others 1 Hypothesis Duverger s Theory PR systems have more parties than SMD systems 2 Data a Independent variable Electoral system b Dependent variable Number of parties c Cases 1 USA SMD 2 parties 2 Netherlands PR 11 Parties B What causes some countries to be democratic and others to be nondemocratic 1 Hypothesis Modernization theory wealth leads to democracy 2 Data a Independent variable Wealth b Dependent variable Regime type Monday October 12 2015 c Cases 1 North Korea Poor nondemocracy 2 South Korea Rich democracy C Correlation the presence of an association between two different variables D Probabilistic relationships associations between variables that imperfect tendencies not hard laws Wednesday October 14 2015 Intro to Comp Politics Week 8 Welfare States and Redistribution Political economy the study of the relationship between politics and economics ex incumbents more likely to be reelected when the economy is good sales tax determined by the government Definitions A Welfare state the part of the government that directly protects and promotes the social and economic wellbeing of its citizens also social policy 1 Left Democratic high taxes large welfare state 2 Right Republic low taxes small welfare state B Areas of social policy 1 Educa on 2 Health 3 Retirement pensions 4 Poverty relief C Three kinds of welfare policies 1 Universal provided to everyone 2 Employmentbased social insurance given to those who make a contribution paycheck deductions 3 Meanstested assistance people who fall below a certain income level 4 In the US a Universal K12 education b Employmentbased social security Medicare disability c Meanstested Medicaid food stamps ll Varieties of Welfare States A Social Democracy Wednesday October 14 2015 1 Emphasis on universal entitlements a Universal healthcare pensions paid family leave 2 High tax high spending 3 Ex Sweden Norway Netherlands Denmark 25 of GDP is welfare state B Christian Democracy 1 Emphasis on employmentbased social insurance unemployment 2 High tax high spending but not everyone benefits from spending 3 Ex Germany France Italy Austria 25 of GDP C Liberal 1 Emphasis on meanstested programs 2 Low tax low spending 3 Ex US UK Canada 15 of GDP D Consequences 1 Welfare state reduces poverty a Social democracy least amount of poverty b Liberal democracy most amount of poverty E In developingnondeveloped states 1 Welfare state is very small or nonexistent a Don t have a strong state capacity to tax and redistribute b Have a large informal economy can t tax