PSYX 233 Memory and Attention: 6-8 October
PSYX 233 Memory and Attention: 6-8 October PSYX 233 - 01
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PSYX 233 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYX 233 - 01 at University of Montana taught by Christa Marie Neuman (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Fund of Psychology of Aging in Psychlogy at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
OCatg 0 Memory and Attention 68 October Information Processing Model uses a computer metaphor to explain how people process stimuli e ories of Memory Sensory A brief almost identical representation of the stimuli that exists in the observable environment Working The active processes and structures involved in holding information in mind and simultaneously using that information Limited in capacity function and length Episodic The general class dealing with the conscious recollection ofo information from a speci c event or point in time Longterm The ability to remember rather extensive amounts of information from a few seconds hours or decades ago Semantic Concerns learning and remembering the meaning of words and concepts not tied to speci c occurrences of events in time Everyday Memory Tasks similar to the memory demands people face in daily life Prospective Memory for future actions remembering to remember Autobiographical Memory for one s personal past prom Reminiscence Peak tendency to recall events dating from the teenstwenties more readily than events from middle years 3 Major Types of Memory 0 ImplicitProcedural Learnedremembered without much thought conditioned emotions sports 0 Semantic Less difference with age 0 Episodic Remembering speci congoing events dinner last week Complexityhow much processing is needed is signi cant to memory in old age adults do worse on speed memory tasks and unfamiliar activities as well as remembering useless thing Memory Stimulating Strategieslnterventions 0 00000 Stay in good emotional and physical health Keep mentally stimulated Use mnemonic techniques Enhance memory selfef cacy External aids Diaries address books notes Internal aids Mental imagery repeating thoughts 0 Categories of Attenticm 0 Processing Resources the amount of attention one has to apply to a particular situation Divided Attention How well people can perform multiple tasks simultaneously Women switch tasks easier than men Easier for people who have experienced trauma Integration automatic processing and effortful processing at the same time but separately Automatic Processing Processes that are fast reliable and insensitive to increased cognitive demands driving same route everyday Effortful Processing Requires all of the available attention capacity when processing information
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