Week 5: Hiduism Today, Buddhism & Chp 6 Chinese Religions
Week 5: Hiduism Today, Buddhism & Chp 6 Chinese Religions RELSTDS 102
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Bronge on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELSTDS 102 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Dr. Jeffrey Kaplan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 166 views. For similar materials see World Religions in Religious Studies at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
Rel Studies Notes 101315 Hinduism in America 1893 was the rst world parliament in Chicago Introduced America as a major industrial power They wanted to offer something in the Midwest that New York did not offer Values traditions and Faith sent out Invitations to famous religious leaders KNOW THESE NAMES Vivekananda Gave opening speech at the Parliament of Religions Thomas Edison recorded it From India Hinduism used to be the most tolerant but politically changed Paramahansa Yogananda Followed Vivekananda You may not follow eastern religions but there are elements in their religions that you can use Idea of being neither male nor female pretty man Syncrotism Two Religions become one 0 Book written about how to understand Hinduism Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada 1965 arrival Baghavad Gita very much true and Krishna is very much their God His dream was to come here and spread religion he had a problem of getting in America though Sang in the Park burnouts followed along Overtime this religion spread quickly opened temples asked for money Became huge when The Beatles studied ISKCON Religion Name Women were to serve men gathering Karma 0 He died and the religion remained small The trend of violence against women has accelerated Dowry Money given to the husband for marriage Sexual harassment and rape is either increasing or being more commonly reported this happens because boys are preferred to as children They want male babies not female 0 India loses 3 million girls in infanticide Fighting Child marriage they don39t even allow the children to nish their lives They get robbed of childhood once married Striking it took a male child He got a respectful hearing He is able to go door to door a woman would never be able to do that Buddhism Ba rely Sta rted Chapter 6 Book Notes Daoism and Confucianism Basic Elements of Traditional Chinese Beliefs Confucianism Daoism and Buddhism have been collectively called the Three Doctrines and together they have a profound in uence on Chinese culture and history These two sprouted and grew up did by side in the soil of indigenous Chinese Belief Every Chinese belief is a blend of different elements Spirits Good Spirits brought health wealth long life and fertility Bad Spirits caused accidents and diseases Tian Translated as quotHeavenquot The omnipotent power that was believed to rule the world was called Shang Di Veneration of Ancestors Provided soil for the growth of Confucianism Seeing Patterns in Nature They could not control nature but learned they could work with it when they understood its underlying patterns Daoism may be traced back to this concern for nding and working within natural patterns Yang and Yin The Ideal is the balance between the two forces not the competition The dot suggests its opposite and will eventually become its opposite Think of as pulsations of waves or energy or even a heartbeat Divination System used for looking into the future Life as an analysis of hexagrams Daoism Really like a shopping cart lled with a variety of items Observations about nature philosophical insights guidelines for living exercises for health rituals of protection and practices for attaining longevity and inner purity lncludes ideas from the earliest phases Origins of Daoism Mysterious Origins Earliest documents contain many threads that point of multiplicity of sources Laozi Lao Tzu Founder name means quotOld Child or quotOld Master Became a state archivist or librarian in the royal city of Loyang for many years Still continues to be worshipped The Daodejing One of the world39s greatest books Enormous in uence in Chinese culture Exhibits a deliberate lack of clarity and has some repetition Some elements of Shamanism involved as well Overall purpose was sometimes seen as political a book for the rulers Even a guidebook meant to lead spiritual insight Throughout the book there are references to quotDaoquot What is it The Dao cannot be named because it has no form But the Dao can be experienced and followed by every individual thing that has a name The Origin of Everything Several different images and examples attempted to be explained Pg 214215 Zhuangzi Chuang Tzu Daoism was enriched by the work of Zhuangzi The book contains many whimsical stories rather than poems This adds to Daoism as an appreciation for humor something that is rare in the scriptures of the world Basic Early Teachings Dao The name of whatever mysterious reality makes nature to be what it is and to act the way it does The way nature expresses itself Wu wei the ideal od effortlessness Offers recommendations on how to live Simplicity Distrust highly formal education quotGive up learning and put an end to your troublesquot Gentleness amp Relativity Hate weapons and war See things from a limited point of view Daoism and the Quest for Longevity Technically yoga but they don39t use that term There are recommendations for many types of arm and body movements breathing regulation diet and massage Development of Daoism Not an quotorganized religionquot As movement went on though the movement took many organized forms One of the stimuli that in uenced Daoism to take an organizational path was Buddhism Developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities Most important are the Three Purities constitute of a Daoist trinity 1 Primordia Dao 2 Heavenly Worthy of Numinous treasure 3 Laozi Daoism is strong in Taiwan Hong Kong and overseas in Chinese communities such as Malaysia and Singapore Daoism and the Arts amp In Modern World Some of Daodejings most important images are owing water the valley and an uncarved block of stone Most of the paintings want us to see the humbler elements of nature Modern World Remains strong where it started Shredding light and becoming wider to the public Confucianism The complex ideas and beliefs that helped shape Laozi39s teachings also in uenced Confucius the major teacher of the second great Chinese school of thought The Dao in Confucianism For Confucians the Dao of primary interest is the Dao within the human world manifested in quotrightquot relationships and in a harmonious society The Life of Confucius Born in 551 BCE name was Kong Qiu From a noble family became a teacher Wanted to play a role in government and became a government minister Living According to Confucian Values Confucius concluded that society would function properly only is virtues were taught and lived Believed every human was capable of being good more than social interaction was needed to achieve personal excellence Education was seen as essential is Confucius39s eyes His sense of social responsibility was codi ed in 5 great relationships FatherSon Family is the foundation of society The parents are expected to help in the selection of a career and a marriage partner for each child Mutual Respect Elder brother younger brother Elder brother must assume responsibility for raising their younger siblings they must be compliant Husbandwife The husband is an authoritative protector and the wife is a homemaker and a mother lmplies much less romantic expression wife is almost motherly to HIM Elder younger All older people have responsibility over younger people More ofjust common knowledge Ruler Subject A ruler must act like a father assuming care for subjects who are like his children Sometimes this is more listed at the top The Confucian Virtues Love education and the arts help individuals develop their unique talents Ren Sympathetic Li Doing what is appropriate Shu Reciprocity quotHow will my action affect someone elsequot Xiao Devotion of son or daughter to a parent Wen Culture PWF E Appreciates noble people Sincerity is the way of Heaven Confucian Literature Confucius considered himself a transmitter of wisdom Most Confucian literature is made up of Five Classics and the Four Books Development of Confucianism Many questions about whether or not nature is good or bad Schools of Philosophy Recognize both the great abilities of human beings and the need for their formation Pg 239240 Many stories I assume we won t be learning about in lecture Development of Confucianism as a Religious System Grew in response to many needs and interests In China before Buddhism created many challenges Confucianism and the Arts Values the written word that calligraphy has been the greatest in uence of Confucianism on the arts Became one of the greatest of Chinese Arts Confucianism and the Modern World Not as in uences and appreciated as it once was Temples owned by the government teachings are still trying to be achieved
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