HIST 150 week 8
Popular in History in the Western World
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Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Abel Alves in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see History in the Western World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
HIST 150 Week 8 1015 Still Islam Tea sugar cane and later coffee were traded throughout the Mediterranean area parts of Asia and parts of Europe g Other people and things 1 Al Khwarizmi was a mathematician who created algebra solving for X 2 Harunal Rashid was Caliph during Baghdad s most productive time 3 Su Islam was begun by a woman named Kaba al Adawiyya they believed that the spirit of the law wasn t as important a the letter of the law modesty and facial hair aren t as important she said that if you worship god only to escape hell or get to heaven it was bad but good if you did it just to please god 4 One major thing that tells us about pop culture is the book The Thousand and One Nights or Arabian Nights The story about Scheherazade was one of the king whose wife had an affair with one of the slaves which resulted in him believing all women were evil and killing a woman every night Scheherazade was wise enough not to be killed to change his opinion of women There was a story about Ali Baba a poor man who nds a cave with loot but men tried to kill him he was saved twice by a female slave Morgiana who he later married to his son The story of Sinbad was much like the Odyssey with the cyclops and wine and the lotus eaters but Sinbad was instead a wise merchant 5 Elite culture was more based on philosophy and medicine Doctors used alcohol to clean wounds and sterilise surgical tools they also were making some slow progress in performing Caesarean section surgeries Al J abhiz was a very early proevolutionary philosopher Ibn Sina was a Persian doctor and philosopher he said that the Quran should be taken allegorically and that there must have been a rst cause to creation that it didn t start itself Al Gazali wrote The Incoherence of the Philosophers stressing how he thought that the philosophers idea were created just to send you to hell Averros wrote The Incoherence of the Incoherence to refute Al Gazali he wrote that women could be rulers and that people should judge on people s souls not their gender IV There were four main things that led to the Fall of the Caliphate a Internal issues were splitting them apart 1 There was a man in Cordoba who claimed that he was Caliph because he was from the line of Caliphs which caused one split 2 There was another man a Turk in Cairo who also claimed to be the Caliph which caused another split b Another problem was the arrival of the Turks 1 The Turks were pastoral nomads some of which were converted by Su missionaries some were Mamelukes or bound warriors who were basically well treated slaves who fought for their masters 2 The Saljuks a branch of Turks was able to take over Asia Minor with the leadership of the Sultans which was something that the Caliphate never could do 3 Rumi was a poet who said that being drunk on wine was how it was to be connected to god he lived in a Christian monastery because he believed in mutual learning and was mourned by Christians Jews and Muslims