Esther & Ruth
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Thompson on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MLLL 3073 at University of Oklahoma taught by Ori Kritz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see The Hebrew Bible as Literature in Literature at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
Esther 10172015 The King39s Banquets 119 Ahasuerus is King 0 Reigned from India to Ethiopia over 127 provinces 0 Royal throne was is Susa On the celebration of his 3rd year reigning as King he threw a celebration dinner 0 All of the nobles and governors of the providences attended While this dinner party was going on for the men Queen Vashti gave a feast to the women Queen Vashti39s Refusal 11022 Once King Ahasuerus was drunk he summoned Queen Vashti to his side so he could show her off to everyone 0 This was because she was very beautiful Queen Vashti refused o This angered the King The King and his wise men then got together to come up with a punishment 0 This was decided because the didn t want her deviant actions to spread to other households The King decided to send letters to all the royal provinces reminding the men that they are the masters of their own houses Esther Chosen Queen 2118 The King s men then rounded up all of the beautiful eligible woman of the town and selected the most beautiful one to replace Queen Vashti In the city there were two Jews Mordecai and Esther 0 Esther was Mordecai s daughtercousin 0 Esther was the quotdaughter of his unclequot 0 Her parents both died so he adopted her Esther was rounded up with all of the eligible woman and was presented to the King Esther did not tell anyone that she was Jewish 0 Mordecai told her not to tell anyone She began to win favor in the eyes of all who saw her The King chose Esther and put the crown on her head Mordecai Discovers a Plot 21923 While Mordecai was waiting outside the palace gates 0 While Esther was inside being selected He overheard 2 guards saying they wished to harm King Ahasuerus Mordecai told Queen Esther The two guards were tried and found guilty 0 They were killed Haman Plots against the Jews 3115 After this incident the King promoted Haman and deemed him the Head Official o All who came to the King s gates had to pay homage respect to Haman When Mordecai came he did not bow to Haman Haman was upset and asked him why he didn t bow to him Mordecai told him it was because he was a Jew o This meant he was not going to bow to a quotfalse idolquot This lled Haman with fury Haman did not hurt Mordecai but vowed to destroy all the Jews throughout the whole kingdom Haman goes to the King and tells him that there are people in the land that do not follow him but another Lord 0 He then convinces the King that these people are of no use to the country Haman suggests that they are all killed 0 They will also be offering a 10000 talents of silver to anyone who helps kill them 0 The King grant s Haman s request Letters are sent out to all of the providences with instructions quot to destroy to kill and to annihilate all Jews young and old women and children in one dayquot Esther Agrees to Help the Jews 4117 When Mordecai learned of this he began to mourn and put on sackcloth He then began to cry and went up to the king s gates o This was not allowed because he was in sackcloth Queen Esther heard about Mordecai and tried to send him out some proper clothes but he would not accept Mordecai tells Esther to go talk to the King about the situation 0 To convince him to repeal this law Esther tells Mordecai that if anyone enters the inner court without being summoned thy will be put to death Mordecai reminds Esther that she will not be able to escape this law even while inside the palace And that if she doesn t say anything all of God s people will perish Esther realizes that Mordecai is right 0 She tells him to go and round up all of the Jews and fast for three days and three nights and on that third day she will approach the king Esther Prepares a Banquet 518 On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and entered the inner court When the king saw her she won his favor and he summoned her in 0 Esther then requested that the King and Haman join her in a feast Haman Plans to Hang Mordecai 5914 Haman was having a good day until he saw Mordecai sitting outside of the palace He was then lled with rage and made a plan to hang Mordecai then go to the feast with the king and Esther The King Honors Mordecai 6113 The king was having trouble sleeping so he ordered that the book of memorable deeds be read to him 0 He is reminded of how Mordecai saved his life 0 He asks Haman to reward Mordecai with one of the king s robes and nest horses Mordecai then rides into the square on horseback to the palace wearing the robe Esther Reveals Haman39s Plot 614amp716 Haman and the king ate Esther s dinner 0 The kings asks Esther what her request is 0 Esther tells the king that she and her people have been sentenced to death and wishes that he spare them 0 And if they had been sold as slaves they would have kept quiet but they don t want to die 0 The king is outraged and asks who set this law 0 Esther tells him it was Haman Haman ls Hanged 7710 Haman begs for his life 0 The king has him hung on the very gallows he had prepared for Mordecai Esther Saves the Jews 8117 The king gave Esther Haman s house and gave Mordecai Haman s signet ring Esther then pleaded to the king to revoke Haman s decree to kill all of the Jews The king granted Esther s wish to have the plan revoked She then wrote letters to all of the providences sealed by the king s official stamp telling them to revoke the law against the Jews The king s men then quotrode out hurriedlyquot to deliver the news 0 Then there was quotgladness and joy among the Jewsquot The Jews Destroy Their Enemies 9119 On the very day when the Jews were supposed to be annihilated the reverse occurred The Jews then fought those who were going to try and kill them quotThe Jews struck all their enemies with the sword killing and destroying themquot in the city of Susa 500 men were killed the 10 sons of Haman were hung on the gallows and on the 14th day of the month they killed 300 more over all of the provinces 75000 people were killed quotTherefore the Jews of the villages who live in rural towns hold the fourteenth day of the month of Adar as a day for gladness and feasting as a holiday and as a day on which they send gifts of food to one anotherquot 919 The Feast of Purim Inaugurated 92032 Mordecai was given permission to write to all of the provinces He wrote to all of the Jews telling them to quotkeep the fourteenth day of the month Adar and also the fteenth day of the same year by year as the days of which the Jews got relief from their enemies and as the month that had been turned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday 922 The Jews accepted this and vowed to pass it along to their future generations This holidayfeast is called Purim The Greatness of Mordecai 1013 The king then imposed tax on the land and the coastlands of the sea in honor of Mordecai 0 I m assuming he gave this extra money to Mordecai From then on Mordecai quotwas second in rank to King Ahasuerus and he was great among the Jews and popular with the multitude of his brothers for he sought the welfare of his people and spoke peace to all his peoplequot 103 Naomi Widowed 115 There was a Ephrathite family from Bethlehem in Judah o Elimelech was the father 0 Naomi was the mother 0 Mahlon and Chilion were their sons This family moved to Moab because there was a terrible famine in Bethlehem Elimelech died and Naomi was left with her two sons Naomi s two sons got married to Moabites 0 Their names were Orpah and Ruth They lived there for 10 years Mahlon and Chilion died This just left Naomi and her two daughtersinlaw Ruth39s Loyalty to Naomi 1618 Naomi then wanted to return to her native lands Judah They were about to start their Journey to Judah but then Naomi stopped them 0 She told them that she doesn t have any more sons to offer them so they should return to their own families and be reunited with them 0 They both refused and said they would go to Judah with her 0 Naomi then insisted that they go home Orpah wept kissed her motherinlaw goodbye and went home Ruth clung to Naomi 0 Naomi told Ruth to go home too Ruth replied 0 quotDo not urge me to leave you or to return from following you For where you go I will go and were you lodge I will lodgequot 116 0 quotAnd when Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her she said no morequot 118 Naomi and Ruth Return 11922 When they arrived in Bethlehem the whole town asked Is that Naomi quot 119 She said to them quotDo not call me Naomi call me Mara for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me I went away full and the Lord has brought me back emptyquot 12021 0 Naomi means pleasant o Mara means bitter It also mentions that they arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of harvest season Ruth Meets Boaz 2123 Because they arrived at the beginning of harvest season they did not have any crops BACKSTORY the chapter tells the reader that Naomi had a relative of her husband in the town his name was Boaz Ruth offered to go out as glean the elds to try and get enough food for the two of them 0 Ruth followed after the reapers in the eld and collected the crops that they missed scavenging She worked all the way over to Boaz s eld 0 Ruth did not know that he knew Naomi Boaz came out stopped her and asked who she was 0 One Boaz s young men tells him who she iswhat she is doing for Naomi Ruth then asks if she s allowed to glean after the reapers Boaz then tells her that she is welcome on his eld and to not travel into anyone else s eld because it is unsafe for young women 0 He will have his young men who look out for the young women also lookout for Ruth Boaz also tells her that she is free to drink from his vessels because he knows she s working hard She bows to the ground and thanks him 0 Boaz tells her that the appreciates all that she is doing for Naomi and that quotthe Lord will repay you for what you have donequot 212 He then invites Ruth in to eat some bread and dip it in wine 0 She ate until she was full and even had leftovers After this she returned to the elds and collected about 35 bushel of barley o Boaz told his men to guard her and not talk down to her Ruth then returned to Naomi with the barley and left overs bread and wine Naomi asked where she had gleaned Ruth told her about Boaz and all that he is doing for her Naomi then tells Ruth that he is a good family friend Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor 3118 Naomi wants to nd security aka a husband for Ruth Naomi comes up with a plan to get Ruth and Boaz togethershe tells Ruth to o Anoint herself 0 Put on her cloak 0 Go down to Boaz s threshing oor but to not make herself known 0 And to wait for him to nish dinner and lay down 0 Then once he lays down uncover his feet in efforts to show gratitude 0 Ruth does this and Boaz tells her that she is known as a worthy woman because she has not chases after young men for their riches o Boaz tells her that if she sleeps at his feet that night he will redeem her 0 The next morning he gave her 6 measures of barley to brig back home with her 0 Very heavy for one woman to hold Boaz Redeems Ruth 4112 0 Naomi is wanting to sell her land Boaz asks the redeemer to redeem it and buy it which also means taking Ruth as his wife 0 The redeemer says they can consider the land redeemedbut he will not be buying it o If the redeemer were to buy it he would impair his own inher ance The redeemer then gives Boaz the opportunity to buy it Boaz accepts and officially buys it o The elders are a witness to this purchase 0 The elders bless Ruth and compare her to Rachel and Leah who helped build up the house of Israel and they know the Lord is going to bless the offspring Ruth brings to Him Ruth and Boaz Marry 41317 0 The Lord gave Ruth a son 0 Ruth then in turn let Naomi nanny him basically making him Naomi s son 0 They named him Obed The Genealogy of David 41822 Boaz was the father of Obed who then fathered Jesse who then fathered David gt David was the father ofJesus o Farther back from Boaz o Perez fathered Hezron Hezron fathered Ram Ram fathered Amminadab Amminadab fathered Nahshon Nashon fathered Salmon Salmon fathered Boaz