New Imperialism HIST 102 011
Popular in European Civilization from the Mid-17th Century
HIST 102 011
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Strickland on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 011 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Daniel Snyder in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see European Civilization from the Mid-17th Century in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
HIST 102 Notes New Imperialism Empire 0 Most common examples Rome The Empire aka the Dark Side US 0 Multinational state treaty of Westphalia started the trend Switzerland and Netherlands 0 Westphalian Era while simultaneously living in an era of empires 0 Political state that presides over multiple nations recently AustriaHungary preWWI 1 Tend to be expansionary 2 Establish hierarchy 3 Create order and stability especially in trade 4 Define themselves as ideological 0 Can an empire still be an empire if one nation doesn t rule directly over the others Economically and culturally through indirect rule 0 Puerto Rico insular territory it s a damn colony o If we aren t marching troops into countries to take over then it s not empirical Exploration and Empires 14001600 0 Direct political control through colonies 0 British East India Company v Dutch East India Company Imperialism in the Modern World 1900 0 Africa is literally carved into different European territories US has Philippines while Britain has most of the rest of the world 0 Collapse of Spanish Empire gt creates nation states The British Empire Free Trade Imperialism 0 Britain takes over most of world Canada Australia most of Africa India Caribbean Islands parts of Indies and the Middle East 0 Royal Navy and Industrial Revolution workshop of the world cheap goods spur this growth 0 Economic rationale for free trade in order to gain profit only way to protect home industry is tariff by making argument that tariffs are hurting local people by arbitrarily making them pay more protecting freedom 0 Competitive advantage Opium Trade 0 Balls of opium dry in a warehouse before being shipped to Calcutta for export to China 0 Opium Wars 18405 0 Britain insisting on free trade Chinese wanting to stop opium trade despite people being addicted to it o Noting that opium is illegal due to its addictive properties Era of the Free Trade Empire 0 The sun never sets on the British empire 0 Again interested in free trade due to increased profits that could be gained New Imperialism Period 0 Opening of the Suez canal 1869 0 New competitors for Britain Germany France and US 0 Britain returned to inclusivity stance due to above competition in the 1860s 0 Conquests of Africa begins in 1860s with Belgian Congo Berlin Conference 18841885 o Europeans have a political conference about rules of claiming territories in Africa in order to prevent war in Europe 0 10 years later scramble for Africa is complete 0 Technology quinine fights malaria machine guns and steam boats o Colonialism is not the only form of Empire England mid 19th century Scramble for Africa 1885 gt 1914 0 Previously impossible to take over due to existent Empires disease the landscape etc o Slave trade was predominantly off coast through African princes who sold people from other tribes 0 Famous European explorers Livingston and Stanley African Resistance 0 Battle of Isandlwana 1879 English v Zulus lose but England returns and gets revenge o Siege of Khartoum 1883 murder of General Gordon England loses and again returns forrevenge 0 Battle of Adowa 1896 Italians defeated by the Ethiopians one of the few times that a defeat sticks 0 Ethiopia only area save Liberia that stays independent during this era Subjugation of China 0 Europe and America want influence in China especially when it falls weak during the early 1900s 0 Spheres of influence rather than costly colonialism 0 quotOpen Door Policy John Hay US 0 Boxer Rebellion 0 Chinese nationalism clubs that rebelled against European and American powers martial arts is part of it hence boxer name The US Gets in on Imperial Show 0 Philippines Hawaii Cuba Puerto Rico and other Pacific Islands 0 Teddy Roosevelt main president at the time of imperialism believed in expanding from California coast to China through island quotcoal stops with the Philippines being the closest to trade with China 0 Philippines lose land guerilla warfare begins 200 00 appx Filipinos dead quotSocial Darwinism o Racist quotsurvival of the fittest different quottypes of men species of men caused by superficial features 0 Imperialism gives normal people something to believe in 0 quotWhite man s burden immortalized by Rudyard Kipling uplift the poor inferiors 0 Experiments were committed on the lesser species of men with the most famous happening in the late 1930s and early 1940s with NAZI experiments on their Jewish concentration camp prisoners o Civilizing aspect of empires is a common trait and durable part of imperialism Romance of Imperialism o Livingston and Stanley famous explorers of Africa 0 Adventure works Jules Vernes Journey to the Center of the Earth and 20000 Leagues Under the Sea and the tales of Tarzan Imperialism and Bicycles 0 Benefits of European Imperialism extend to all classes of people 0 Best example rubber from Africa makes bicycle tires cheaply causing a middle class craze 0 Christianity and other conservatives insisted women shouldn t be allowed to ride due to the pleasure they would be getting all crap but people still believed it 0 Another example soap means more baths for everyone and is used as a civilizing tool with such adds as those seen here httpswwwgooglecomsearchqimperialismpearssoapamprlz1C1KPM enUS484U S484ampespv2ampbiw577ampbih639ampsourcelnmsamptbmischampsaXampsqi2ampvedOCAYQ A UoAWoVChMIszII 7KvAIVi8ACh1YpA7x Mutual Influence 0 Not just unidirectional civilizing mission effects of colonized cultures reach Europe as well 0 Ex Mandarin Oriental Hyde Fork Hotel London