Ch 7 Stress and Well-bring at Work
Ch 7 Stress and Well-bring at Work Mana 3318
Popular in Management Organizational Behavior
Popular in Business, management
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlie Meckley on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Mana 3318 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Janice Baldwin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Management Organizational Behavior in Business, management at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
Ch 7 Stress and Wellbringat Work Lecture Dates October 5th to October 7th quotSuccess and achievement are NOT guaranteed in life Def Stress unconscious preparation to fight or flee that person experiences when faced with any demand Def Distresslstrain adverse psychological physical behavioral and organizational consequences that may arise as a result of stressful events Def Stressor persons or events that triggers stress reaction 4 Approaches 1 Homeostatic Medical I Physical self I Physical response to emergency situations I Increase stress we prefer for fight or flight syndrome I External demand upsets homeostasis 0 Def homeostasis individual equilibrium steadystate of balance I React 4 ways release chemicals activate nervous and endocrine system Redirects blood to brain Senses heightened vision hearing touch Glucose in blood stream releases to increase energy Bodily function diminished szva 0 0 Suppressed immune system 2 Cognitive Appraisal Approach I Individual differ on appraisal of events and people 0 Problem Focused 0 Manage stressor o Emotional Focused 0 Manage their response to stressor 3 Person Environment Fit I Tried to combine psychology amp sociology social psychology I Cognitive Dissonance 0 Different value and ethics then us cause tension I Confusing and Conflicting expectations 4 Psychoanalysis I Freud I 2 elements of stress 0 Def Egoideal embodiment a person s perfect self what you want in life 0 Def Selfimage Actual thinks of him or herself I Greater discrepancy more stress 0 Work Demands source of stress 1 Task demands job itself 2 Role Demands job description 3 Interpersonal Demands 4 Physical Demands sweat shops 0 Non work demands 1 Home demands I Sandwich generation parental control 0 Having to take care of parents grandma and grandpa 2 Personal demands I Def Workaholism imbalanced preoccupation The Yerkes39DOdson Law with work at the expense of home and personal I Optimal Stress life satisfaction 0 Yerkes Dodson law 0 How we respond and effects on us 0 Individual Distress I Medical illness heart attacks ulcer strokes Good Stress Bad Stress Performance I Behavior Problems I Work relates psychological disorder depression 50w Meqium Hig h burnout psychosomatic disorders Stress 0 Organizational Distress I Participative Problems 0 Def cost associated with absent absenteeism tardiness strike turnover 0 Looking for symptoms I Performance Decrement 0 Def cost resulting from poor quality or low quality of production grievances and unscheduled machine downtime and repair 0 Quality of product or service decreasing o Losing customers I Compensation Award 0 Def Organizational cost resulting from court awards from job distress 0 Increase cost workers comp claims law suits 0 Stress Prevention 0 Job redesign 0 Goal setting 0 Role negotiation territorial disputes 0 Social support system 0 Type A amp Type B Behavior Patternsonly talked about A 0 Type A I Def Type A Behavior Pattern complex of personality and behavioral characteristics including competitiveness time urgency social status insecurity aggression hostility and a quest for achievement I Competitive I Time Urgency I Social Status insecurity I Aggression I Hostility I Quest for achievements 0 Personality Hardness Def Personality Hardiness personality characterized by commitment control and challenge and hence resistant to distress Degree to which personality resist stress 3 C s I Challenge threat stress increases I Commitment alienation stress increases I Control powerless stress increases Def Transformational Coping way of managing stressful events by changing them into less subjectively stressful events 0 SelfReliance Def a healthy secure interdependent pattern of behavior related to how people form and maintain supportive attachments with others Social relationships have impact on physical and mental health How people form and maintain attachments to other people Def Counterdependence an unhealthy insecure pattern of behavior that leads to separation in relationships with other people Def Overdependence an unhealthy insecure pattern of behavior that leads to separation in relationships with other people 0 Prevent Stress Management Def organizational philosophy according to which people and organizations to which people and organizations should take joint responsibility for promoting health and preventing destress and strain Primary Prevention I Def stage in preventive stress management designed to reduce modify or eliminate the demand or stressor causing stress I Seek to reduce or eliminate things causing stress I Technigues 0 Positive Thinking o Optimism o Pessimism leads to negative effects 0 Time Management o Improves planning and prioritizes activities 0 Leading cause of stress 0 Leisure Time Activity 0 Balance work and nonwork activities 2 Secondary Prevention I Def stage in preventative stress management designed to alter or modify the individuals or the organizations response to demand or stressor I Modify response to stressor I Technigues 0 Physical Exercise 0 Improves cardiovascular function and muscular flexibility 0 Relaxation Training 0 Lowers all indicators of the stress response E o Lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease and improves overall physical health 3 Tertiary Prevention I Def the stage in preventive stress management designed to heal individual or organizational symptoms of distress and strain I Increase stress seek to heal individual I Technigues 0 Opening up 0 Releases internalized traumas and emotional tensions 0 Professional help 0 Provides information emotional support and therapeutic guidance
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