Week 1 lecture notes - Mus116
Week 1 lecture notes - Mus116 MUSIC 116
Popular in mus116
Popular in Music
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fizza Aslam on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSIC 116 at University of Washington taught by Josh Archibald-Seiffer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see mus116 in Music at University of Washington.
Reviews for Week 1 lecture notes - Mus116
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/18/15
Course Introduction In this course you ll learn 0 How music can be organized or created 0 Four basic elements 0 Pitch how highlow we perceive the sound 0 Rhythm how songs are organized in time same pitch same no of notes but longer or shorter 0 Dynamics 0 Timbre tone color unique timber or tone color of different instruments 0 Western tonal music Goals 0 Understand the principle building blocks of pitch and rhythm organization in western tonal music 0 Implement the relationship between noted music and piano keyboard 0 Identify construct and notate various musical building blocks in written music Lesson 1 Objectives 0 Explain the concept of pitch 0 Recognize how a piano keyboard is organized and identify the natural notes as they appear on keyboard 0 Explain what clefs are and why they are necessary 0 Read and write natural note pitches notated on treble and bass staves Part 1 Introduction to piano keyboard and musical notation Pitch o It refers to high or quotlowquot a sound is o Pitches can ascend remain the same or descend The piano keyboard 0 Groups of two and three black keys with white keys surrounding them 0 Pitches ascend to right descend to left Lower lt1 2 Higher The musical alphabet 0 Specific pitches are referred to by their note names 0 Names are based on letter of English 0 Musical alphabet ABCDEFG 0 Natural notes white keys on piano 0 CDE are surrounded by group of 2 black keys 0 FGAB are surrounded by group of 3 black keys Octaves and Middle C Octave The distance between the two closest pitches with the same name A couple of examples of octaves are marked on the keyboard on the slide The example on the left indicates two F s that are an octave apart and the example on the right indicates two A s separated by an octave Notice that notes that are an octave apart share the same note name and are located in the same position on the piano keyboard for example the two F s are each the leftmost white key surrounding a group of three black keys This makes visualizing octaves on the piano keyboard quite easy Middle C C located near middle of the keyboard Mlidldle C 39 11ml J U Octaves Musical notation and the staff Musical notation System traditionally used for writingprinting music Staff Set of 5 parallel lines where notes are written 0 Noteheads slightly tilted oval may be placed on lines or spaces 0 Noteheads placed higher on staff sound higher in pitch and lower on staff sound lower in pitch Higher 9 Lower Pitch Ledgeanes o Ledger lines are short lines added above or below the staff to extend its range 0 Used to notate pitches beyond the range of staff 0 Adding ledger lines also creates additional spaces above and below staff Ledger Lines U E 1 2 4 S 6 7 Ledger lines should be separated from each other and the topbottom line of the staff by the same distance that is between the staff lines Notice that noteheads can be placed in the space immediately on top of or below the staff before any ledger lines are added such as is the case with Noteheads 1 and 5 in the image on the slide Also notice that adding ledger lines creates additional spaces where noteheads can be placed Noteheads 3 and 7 in the image are placed in spaces like these Finally ledger lines are never placed farther away from the staff than their respective noteheads For example Notehead 3 does not need an addition ledger line above it nor does Notehead 7 need an additional ledger line below it Those ledger lines are only added once a notehead is actually placed on them as seen with Noteheads 4 and 8 Ck s Clef is a sign placed at the beginning of a staff to indicate which lines and spaces correspond with which pitches Treble clef 0 Used to indicate middle to high pitches o Treble clef Staff Treble Staff 0 Circles the second line of staff counting from the bottom indicating G above middle C Treble G One linespace higher on the staff one letter name forward in musical alphabet one line space lower one letter name backward in musical alphabet Treble Staff l l l u u I G A F E llD Midle C In the image the symbol at the beginning of the staff is a treble clef Treble clefs are used to indicate middletohigh pitches and when we add a treble clef to the beginning of a staff the treble staff is formedNotice how the treble clef curls around the second line of the staff counting up from the bottom line The treble clef indicates that this line corresponds with the nearest G above Middle C note that this is a specific pitch not just any G Sometimes this particular G is called Treble G and the treble clef is called the G Clef Therefore the first and third noteheads in the image would be played as Treble G since they are both placed on this line Bass Clef 0 Used to indicate middle to low pitches 0 Bass clef staff Bass staff 0 quotBallquot placed on fourth line of staff counting from bottom indicating the F below middle C Bass F o A dot is placed on either side of F line as well Middle C and many other notes can be written in treble or bass clef Bass Staff l l l 3 u 3 n U F E F G A E Middle The Grand staff 0 Treble and bass staves can be joined using a bar line and a brace to form a grand staff 0 Grand staff allows high and low notes to be written without too many ledger lines Bar Line Brace a The image shows a grand staff with noteheads placed on Bass F Treble G and Middle C as it appears in the treble and bass staves The grand staff allows high and low pitches to be easily notated in one place without using an impractical number of ledger lines
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'