Greece Cont’d and South and Southeast Asia Before 1200
Greece Cont’d and South and Southeast Asia Before 1200 82379 AAH 1010-001
Popular in Survey of Art and Architectural History I
82379 AAH 1010-001
Ann Carter Herbert
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Popular in Art History
Ann Carter Herbert
verified elite notetaker
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 82379 AAH 1010-001 at Clemson University taught by Beth Ann Lauritis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Art History at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Intro to Art History 101 Clemson University Greece Cont d and South and Southeast Asia Before 1200 0 PHILOXENOS OF ERETRIA Battle of lssus ca 310 BCE Roman copy Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun Pompeii Italy late second or early first century BCE Tessera mosaic approx 8 10 X 16 9 Museo Nazionale Naples 0 O O TERM foreshortening mosaic Mosaic based on a painting Illustrates something significant in art since it is done again in mosaic tiles Illustrates a sense of depth and development of perspective Alexanderdominating and heroic without a helmet 39s the one who really expande te empire to a gr 1 7 smut lquot39 h V at degee Athena battling Alkyoneos detail of the gigantomchy frieze from the Altar of Zeus Pergamon Turkey ca 175 BCE Marble 7 6quot high Staatliche Museen Berlin 0 00000000 Hellenism Hellenistic Eragoing away from naturalism to a heightened reality Larger than life figures Exaggerated figures This starts with the death of Alexander Hellenistic period In his absence there was a play for power no clear heir He had different centers of powers emerging Athens was no longer dominant Various rulers over many locations instead of Alexander ruling a ton of locations The idea is that she is trying to lift him off the ground the earth gives him strength and there is a great struggle Reference to the high point of Greek culture at the Parthenon This would be a place where rituals would be performed O HellenismHighly expressionistic Goes beyond the serene and high drama to exaggeration Their eyes are so dramatic it goes beyond what the body can do in order to portray an extreme emotion of violence and pain and struggle The hair is super exaggerated to create a sense of movement in the same way the draperies are exaggerated Proportions are a little off ATHth O E b EPIGONOS Dying Gaul Roman marble copy after a bronze original from Pergamon Turkey ca 230 220 BCE approx 3 12quot high Museo Capitolino Rome 0 0 0000000 He has a mustache In Greek culture you would have a beard or be clean shaven not a mustache Very individualized Dying figure A Roman copy of a bronze original in greece This would have been painted and the blood would have been shown Very dramatic but more realistically distorted The necklace represents high status There is an idea of representing different ethnicities of peoplevery important shift of the Hellenistic Era Not a generic soldier very specific Nike alighting on a warship i m Samothrace A7 of Samothrace fro Greece ca 190 BCE Marble figure approx 8 1quot high Louvre Paris 0 00000 A statue of victory Associated with the art of Pergamon References to the type of drapery that is used to heighten this drama Dramatic movement This would have been situated in a fountain Water references the sea greater attention to setting of a sculpture in this Era There is a sense of interaction and being the viewer in to a kind of interaction This would have been in a sanctuary where sailors would worship A little bit of sensuality in the representation of her body Drapery highlighting certain parts of her body that it might not in reality is very common to this Era ALEXANDROS OF ANTIOCHONTHEMEANDER Aphrodite Venus de Milo from Melos Greece ca 150 125 BCE Marble 6 7quot high Louvre Paris 00000 This Aphrodite is not totally nude Hyper reality sexuality is explored in art She is seen as a lot more seductive There is a sense of erotic39s here than the last Aphrodite image Probably would have been holding a golden apple as a symbol of the most beautiful ATHANADOROS HAGESANDROS and POLYDOROS OF RHODES Laocoon and his sons from Rome Italy early first century CE Marble approx 7 10 12quot high Vatican Museums Rome O 0000 During Trojan war he suggested that they should not bring a horse into the city walls He gets killed Greeks came out of horse to defeat Trojans Two sons referenced here The sense of symmetry and harmony is not important here lots of movement and not a lot of symmetry A more frontal View would have been place against an alter ASIA Sites of Indus or Harappan Civilization on the Indus River in South Asia 0 This suggests this society was actually very civilized and highly organized 0 Very urban O Standardizationimplies that there are certain laws for example road widths and wheel widths o Irrigation and sewerage systems 0 There are not a lot of places of worships A es a I y C H I N A E J g PAKISTAN PUNJAW 63 mm WW5 P Q 79 Paczfic Mohenio daro Delhi39 3 3 KKIM Mathum Kfshinagara v A 39 I A Ocean D h 59quot Patna I 00 toga Khajural 1 3914 da I S n 0 39 I 397 U yagm Bamb 39 Hill 39Aim INDIA I n B39U 39 5 I Mumbai Bombay Dhaul HA 39 quot u quot 391 39 5 out E161gtliznramquotK lc Deccan 0 BANGLADESH 39 CJillrt PHILIPPINES Plateau 69 I 58 AraJinn 3 539 l3 01 m 2 3223 HANAND VltIETNAM IImn R BIZ 3 39 vi c of I 01quot Prasat deg E Madras Bengal 39 CA I v 39 m Mamall p m A 39 javur Punjaio w Polon w W g SRI LANKA 1K quot3939 39 Iquot CEYLON 61 A L A Y S I A n9 3 may lt c Iv quot f m S INGAPORE 39 r 39 50 A5 Indian Ocean 39R gumatm 1 5 I quotquot33quot INDONESIA Southeast Asia 0 3039039 600 miles AVA J 39 J o 300 600 kilometers 39 A 39 A E 3P d java 0 Great Bath Mohenjodaro Pakistan ca 2600 1900 BCE o Suggests this kind of bath was not just to stay clean but for ritual purposes 0 39 39 Robed male figure from Mohenjodaro Pakistan ca 2000 1900 BCE Steatite 6 78 quot high National Museum of Pakistan Karachi 0 Not a lot of structures left but we do have some smaller objects 0000 O Compare to Mesopotamian figures Probably a priest or important individual Treffoil three leaf pattern Les interest in human anatomy than Greece 0 Nude male torso from Harappa Pakistan ca 2000 1900 BCE Red sandstone 3 3A high National Museum New Delhi Not reduced to a formula or cannon There is an interest though in making the body look very lifelike Less about proportion but more about the texture of the skin to make it look more realistic Seal with seated figure in yogic posture from Mohenjodaro Pakistan ca 2300 1750 BCE Steatite coated with alkali and baked approx 1 3 8quot X 1 3 8quot National Museum New Delhi 0 O O Shivaone of the most important deities Kind of a composite of figures many facesquot often how shiva was represented o The seals could be like a signatureagain relates to Mesopotamia o Shiva related to the practice of yoga Q There is a long period after this that not a lot of art is produced o BELIEF SYSTEM The Vedas foundational religious knowledge written in Sanskrit establish caste system The Upanishads samsara karma moksha nirvana key ideas in these texts Hinduism an outgrowth of indigenous beliefs coupled with the Vedas and the Upanishads codified between 8500 BCE Buddhism a reaction to indigenous beliefs begun with the preaching of Siddartha Gautama the Buddha after 500 BCE lain founded on the teachings of Mahavira contemporary to Buddha o If you have a desire you are attached to these desires so the Buddhists teach a way of releasing desire as to avoid suffering Lion capital of column erected by Ashoka at Sarnath India ca 250 BCE Polished sandstone 7 high Archaeological Museum Sarnath o Ashoka saw Buddhism as a way of governance for his vast empire 0 Laws inscribed on pillars in various languages so that anyone could read and abide by their laws 0 The wheel under the lions represents the wheel of law 0 The lions mouths are roaring so there is an idea of communicating that law and message O North Elevation if the Great Stupa Sanchi India third century BCE to first century CE 0 O O O below Diagram of Great Stupa One of first known monuments to Buddhist faith This stupa illustrates many of the teachings of the Buddha The shape of it represents a world mountain and all of the cardinal points are referenced by the four entrances The fence architecture re ects construction with wood but is created in stone Walking around the building as layers go down you become at harmony with the universe clockwise you keep your right side to the monument Harmika Upper level walkway East torana Stone fence 0 10 20 30 40 50feet Double 0 5 10 stairway 15 meters Yakshi detail of the east torana Great Stupa Sanchi India midfirst century BCE to early first century CE Sandstone 5 high rtility and abundance