2BW- Comparative Lit Week 3 Notes
2BW- Comparative Lit Week 3 Notes 2BW
Popular in 2BW-Survey of Literature: Middle Ages to 17th Century
Popular in Hispanic Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Leong on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2BW at University of California - Los Angeles taught by D.W. Macfayden in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see 2BW-Survey of Literature: Middle Ages to 17th Century in Hispanic Studies at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Tuesday October 13 2015 Comparative Literature Lecture 5 Movement beyond the Middle Ages Emphasis on Humanism We re talking about 14th century Italy moving away from fundamentally spirited themes to more Earthbound experiences IDEAL vs MATERIAL Ideal Focused on prexisting world that God created is inherently spiritual Material Focused on MATTER what is accessible via the 5 senses Wanted the totality of human experience ostensible experience Now we re leaning in the MATERIAL direction New value on human experiences and skills TRADE is making different cultures interact with each other Literary traditions are overlapping Free will gt Destiny The new benchmark for good and evil is human endeavor rather than God Church is no longer the main source of literature as it was before more secular viewpoints HUMANISM Philosophy emphasizing the worth of the individual balancing religious faith with secular learning Revival of classical artculture Switch to VERNACULAR common speech The language of everyday experience So less Latin Donatello s David The first classicalstyle nude in a long time Anyway it s an expression of individuality Was a commission by a rich patron not the church art no longer solely devotional The Prince by the scheming Machiavelli How to deal with POWER Statesmanship power Was superduper humanist What people need to do practically to survive in this super politically competitive world Humanism might have been an intellectual and aesthetic movement but it sure wasn t just confined to painting fewer ugly babies and sculpting more bare butts Tuesday October 13 2015 Humanism had a real CIVIC value as well How was one to organize society now that the church was no longer the dominant power Persuassion Rhetoric History The study of which would be called THE HUMANITIES thanks to the growth in liveracy The thought was that Future citizens need to be educated and how to educate them Look to the Ancients of course Rather than the Church For Machiavelli he was all about learning to be not so good Renaissance was uncertain times Lots of war and diplomaticpolitical drama everywhere Get it in writing you can t trust anybody Renaissance saying So Gaining power is hard enough but how do you HOLD ONTO the power you do have The dichotomy between how you SHOULD live your life according to religious and moral principles etc vs how People ACTUALLY behave So is Human nature inherently good Machiavelli says Nah Humans have free will and can choose from either Vice or Virtue CHANCE is a big part of it too since you never know what might happen So basically he purported a very practical and brutal method of how a Prince or any political leader in general should deal with his people sort of an ends justify means person nteresting because despite all the probably badandsinful things he lists Princes should do in his book Machiavelli does not seem to even mention the idea of the Christian Judgement Day in which all our deeds would be exposed etc Just kinda ignores it shows that religious beliefs while definitely important still weren t as big of a deal breaker now TLDR Idea is to gain knowledge from human experience The idea of choices is important because you can CHOOSE to be good or not In an apparently godless or god lessthanimportant world you sometimes have to leave your morality behind to survive 2 Tuesday October 13 2015
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