Intelligence and Behaviorism
Intelligence and Behaviorism PSYC-1001-2
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Dodge on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-1001-2 at University of Denver taught by Aimee Reichmann-Decker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Psychological Science in Psychlogy at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Intelligence and Behaviorism Class Notes October 12 2015 What is intelligence 0 The ability direct one s thinking adapt to one s circumstances and learn from experience History to Measuring Intelligence 0 French government request for someone to develop a way to identity kids that are struggling in school Binet and Simon respond to this by developing the rst IQ test 0 The initial test include 0 Solving logical problems 0 Remembering words 0 Copying pictures 0 They then standardize the test by nding a child39s mental age and comparing that to their chronological age Theories of Intelligence Spearman One types of intelligence Call this quotgquot 0 Thurston Many different types of intelligence and there is no quotgquot 0 Resolution There is both It is organized in a hierarchical way How do we measure intelligence Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children WISC Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale WAIS Broken down into vocabulary o Verbal Comprehension Test 0 Perceptual Reasoning Test 0 Working memory test 0 Processing Speed Test How do you get an IQ Score 0 Ratio IQ Had to do with mental vs chronological age 0 Mental age chronological age 100 0 Deviation IQ Compares you with that of your peers 0 Your score average test score of people the same age x 100 What factors in uence intelligence Genetics twin studies 0 Environmental shares vs nonshared environment Socioeconomic status education sickness etc 0 Conclusion Intelligence is not xed at birth IQ can go up or down depending on environmental data Behavior Principles of Behaviorism 1 There is nothing about the organism that needs to be considered other than observable behavior 2 All behavior is the result of experience a Experience operates via learning a relatively permanent change in behavior due to expedence Controversial corollaries 0 Control the environment and you control the organism 0 Free will is an illusion o Humans and animals are not all that different Learning 0 How do we learn by association 0 We naturally connect events that occur in sequence Stimulusresponse association allergic to cat Responseconsequence association Study for test strong grades like results repeat 0 Learning Mechanisms 0 Classical Conditioning lvan Pavlov Salivary conditioning Associative learning paring stimulus and response Unconditioned Stimulus D Unconditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus neutral stimulus Unconditioned stimulus D Unconditioned Response 0 Respondent behavior An automatic response to some stimulus example lemonade dust causes humans to salivate 0 Before training US foodlemon powder l UR salivation 0 During training CS Pavlov US foodlemon powder D UR salivation 0 After training CS Pavlov l UR salivation 0 Initial stage Associate made between neutral stimulus CS and US 0 CS proceeds US 0 Time between should be about 12 second 0 Generalization 0 CS vibration o Tendency to respond to stimuli similar to CS 0 Discrimination o Distinguish between the CS and other similar stimuli o Unlearning o Extinction occurs when US is no longer paired with the CS 0 Decrease in CR 0 Spontaneous Recovery 0 After a rest period an extinguished CR returns John Watson Rosalie Rayner and Little Albert 0 Conditioned emotional responses 0 US noise D UR fear of the noise 0 CS rat E US noise D UR fear of noise 0 CS rat l CR fear of rat Associative Learning in Advertising Sex as a primary motivation US Do sexual stimuli elicit re exive or automatic responses Yes if follow under attractiveness HampM David Beckham Motorola Megan Fox
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