Week 3 notes
Week 3 notes Psych 2740
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Forest Harmon on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2740 at DCH Regional Medical Center taught by Dr. Treinen, Evelyne in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at DCH Regional Medical Center.
Reviews for Week 3 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/18/15
Social Perceptionpeople perception is a central theme of social psych Q Decoding person cues 0 Human visual system is adapted for perception of our conspecifics O 3 types of cues I face 0 receive the most attention when perceiving another person 0 humans are able to identify an incredible large number of individuals 0 Holistic processing of facewe see the whole face 0 face inversion effect difficulty recognizing inverted faces 0 face composite effect difficulty identifying a person when the top and bottom halves of a face are from different people I body 0 also attracts a lot of perceivers attention 0 like faces bodies are arranged in a typical configuration 0 inverse body effect recognition of static body postures decreases if inverse body I motion 0 O lnvariant person knowledgeconceptual person knowledge that can be derived about other social agents and is stable across different processing contexts l physical attractiveness l personality traits l categorical knowledge I person identity 0 Personality trait inferences l judgements drawn from Q facial features 0 outer appearance 0 demeanor l People tend to agree on traits and qualities they attribute to others consensus at zero acquaintance l Trustworthiness Q faces may automatically be screened for trustworthiness regardless of goals or intention of perceiver 0 takes less than 100ms of exposure to face enough to draw inference about trustworthiness Q invest more money in trustworthy looking faces 0 greater facial widthless trusted and less trustworthy O Categorical knowledgeimpressions and evaluations of others are influenced by social categories to which they belong and the stereotypes associated with these groups I biological cues race gender age dominate social perception more than non biological cues clothing 0 sex 0 hair 0 shape of faceshaped by estrogen or testosterone 0 skin tonedarker and redder in males 0 eyebrows mouth nose predictive of sex 0 body shapemovementmore about body shape 0 age 0 facial signs of aging 0 body shape and posture 0 race 0 skin tone 0 shape of facial featureslips noses eyes 0 Person identity I based on perception of familiar appearance 0 familiarity through repeated exposure 0 focus on external features for newly met faces vs internal features for familiar faces I Emotional response 0 intact in prosopagnosia lacking in Capgra s syndrome patients with capgras syndrome can recognize faces but cannot experience emotional familiarity l Spontaneous retrieval of personspecific semantic knowledge 0 when one encounters a known target in an atypical setting often times one is unable to retrieve target specific knowledge Q Variant person knowledge 0 emotions O eyegaze l eyes are special to writers and scientists alike 0 evolution increased visibility of eyes unique shape and color 0 evolved from darker eyes to whites around pupils this can be used as means of communication 0 high sensitivity of eyes looking at us 0 sensitivity to direct gaze O faces with direct gaze captures and maintain attention I hard to look away fromslower to see objects in the periphery l eye contact leads to arousal and changes in the body either a threat or a prospective partner 0 context matters in gaze perception 0 high general accuracy in gxe perception up to about 18 feet accurate to 28 degreese O tuned to a particular configuration of eyes and face 0 impaired if changes made to either face or eyes such as flipping face or changing shapes of shadows 0 Facial emotion happy and angry faces seem to exhibit eye contact 0 direct eye gaze approach signal 0 fearful faces seem to exhibit averted eyegazeavoidance signal I Language of the eyes 0 others eyes attract out attention to objects person39s and events in our environment 0 Joint attention requires that two individuals are attending to the same object 0 gaze followingoccurs when one observes another attending to an object and is then able to attend to the same object because of this 0 shared attentionsimilar to joint attention but both parties are aware they are looking at the same thing Q Developmentstarts very early but at some point people are suddenly able to do it about 18 months old begin to understand referential nature of eye gaze 0 language connecting objects in the world to words I ability to follow gaze at 10 months is related to larger vocabulary 0 Social and cognitive skills I 20 months gazefollowing predicts theory of mind abilities at 44 O Gaze followingmain deficit in autism l mindb Hndness Q How powerful are others eyes in directing one s attention 0 does gaze following still depend on context in adults 0 Gaze cuing paradigm 0 measures reaction times 0 different versions I did the le erappear I did the letter appear on the right or the left I was the letter a t or an f 0 average reaction times to cued vs uncued trials across many trials 0 faster reaction times appear when a valid cue appears 100500ms before the le er 0 this reaction is unintentional however possible volitional control over attention after 600ms 0 head and body cues can interfer with echother if not congruent O Stronger cueing effects observed in women than men O Schizophrenics are hypersensitive while autististics are oftentimes numb to the e ec 0 windows to the soul able to infer emotions simply from eyes 0 theory of mindunderstanding that others have minds independent from our own 0 reading the mind in the eye test indicitive of empathetic tendencies 0 Eyes are critical in social world 0 perspective taking 0 understanding intentions 0 understanding emotions 0 eye gaze is used in commercials O we prefer objects which are looked at O mimetic desiresgaze induced liking l liking an object receiving others attention I even dog s gazes create a bias in our liking of objects 0 we only like other objects which others are looking at when we are attending to the person and when there is communicative intention in the gaze 0 if one looks at an object with disgust we are less likely to like it Q trustworthiness and gaze induced liking I used 55 participants I saw people looing at some paintings and away from others I expose d to a trustworthy and untrustworthy target I Found that objects attended to by trustworthy people were prefered however if an untrustworthy person looked away from the other object the test subject was more likely to prefer that object over the object attended to by the trustworthy person I Conclusion 0 perceiving others offers a wealth of information that is potentially relevant for both person understanding and social interaction 0 invariant and variant person knowledge can be derived form face body and motion cues Q perceiving others eye gaze orients out attention to our importnat features in the environment allows us to communicate and to infer others internal world
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'