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Gen Psychology (Week Seven Notes)

by: Jovani Jones

Gen Psychology (Week Seven Notes) PSYCH 1000 - 02

Jovani Jones
GPA 3.2
General Psychology
Dennis Miller

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About this Document

General Psychology
Dennis Miller
Class Notes
Psychology, General Psychology
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jovani Jones on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1000 - 02 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dennis Miller in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/18/15
Monday October 5 2015 Memory 71 What is Memory Information Processing 1 Encoding The information is acquired and processed into neural a Information is transferred from what we see in the real world b Information could be encoding in the way a keyboard inputs letters 2 Storage The information is stored in the brain a Different types of storage for memory b Consolidation Putting the information into storage c Information is stored much like a computer stores data on a hard drive 3 Retrieval The information is retrieved when it is needed a Reconsolidation Retrieving the information within storage b Information is retrieved much like information on a computer screen can be viewed Herman Ebbinghaus 0 Serial learning of nonsense syllables CVC trigrams 0 Sheets of paper were stored somewhere and studied a week later 0 Varied intervals for the time of learning 0 Forgetting curve remember from last week 0 Savings 0 Ebbinghaus demonstrated the serial positioning effect 0 Primary Effect Easier to remember things at the beginning of a sequence 0 Recency Effect Easier to remember things at the end of a sequence 0 Things in the middle tend to be lost in information encoding so it is not remembered as well I American Idol and Dancing With the Stars demonstrate this in the way people are judged I First and last people were remembered more than those in the middle 72 How Are Memories Maintained Over Time 0 Atkinson amp Shiffrin s Memory Model Box Model 0 Sensory input I Sight I Hearing I Etc 0 Sensory memory Unattended information is lost I Almost everything comes into sensory memory 0 Shortterm memory Unrehearsed information is lost I Capacity of shortterm memory is limited I The information we are using at any given moment 0 Maintenance Rehearsal Repeating what person wants to remember to encode the information 0 Longterm memory Some information may be lost over time I Once information is in LTM it is there forever I Retrieval Taking information from long term back to short term memory 73 How Are Memories Maintained Over Time 0 What is the capacity of shortterm memory its memory span 0 Waugh amp Norman s probe digit task 0 Memory Span task 0 Miller 1956 The limit is generally seven plus or minus two items I Or less I Chunking can quotincrease its capacity lClicker Questions 1 When listening in class you are class material walking home from class listening to music you are class information and taking the exam you are class information a Retrieving encoding storing b Storing retrieving encoding c Encoding storing retrieving cunahi book anger dht plant hunger paper sadness sunshine music disease surprise fired love test pizza electricity 2 As a researcher participant you study the list of words above When you are asked to recall the list which of the following words are you most likely to have trouble remembering a Book b Electricity c Music d Curtain Peter is taking the final exam and needs to know a term from Chapter 7 What part of the Atkinson amp Shiffrin model is used a Retrieval from longterm memory b Encoding to longterm memory c Maintenance rehearsal within shortterm memory d Attention from sensory to shortterm memory Lois is trying to learn the three parts of the memory model by repeating the names again and again What part of the Atkinson amp Shiffrin model is used a Retrieval from longterm memory b Maintenance rehearsal within shortterm memory c Attention from sensory to shortterm memory d Maintenance rehearsal within sensory memory Which of these types of memory can store the largest amount of information That is which one has the greatest capacity a Sensory memory b Shortterm memory c Longterm memory d All three have an equal capacity Friday October 9 2015 75 When Does Memory Fail 76 How Are Memories Distorted There are different degrees of forgetting 1 Absentmindedness 2 Blocking a TipoftheTongue Phenomenon 3 Transience a Permanent retrieval failure b Permanent Memory Hypothesis once it s in LTM it s there forever so why would this happen 4 Interference 5 Amnesia a Explicit more than implicit memory b There are different types of amnesia i Psychogenic ii Source Amnesia 1 Crytoamnesia iii Central Nervous System Damage 1 Patient HM Henry Molaison in the textbook 2 Clive Wearing a Herpesviral encephalitis What is the role of the hippocampus and temporal lobe in explicit memories iClicker Questions 1 You study psychology class your freshman and sophomore years of college but the take an anthropology class your senior year You have trouble learning anthropology because of all the psych you learned This effect is most likely due to interference a Proactive b Retroactive 2 Based on the Atkinson amp Shiffrin model what is altered in Clive Wearing a Longterm memory is absent Inability to encode information Shortterm memory is absent Inability to retrieve information Sensory memory is absent DP9939 Friday October 16 2015 92 How Do Children Learn About the World Early social interactions between infant and caregiver are critical for understanding other people 0 Theory of Mind ability to understand that other people have mental states that influence their behavior Egocentric 1 Secure a A secure child is distressed when the attachment figure leaves i A secure child is quickly comforted when the attachment figure returns 2 Insecure a An avoidant child is not distressed when the attachment figure leaves i An avoid child avoids the attachment figure when he or she returns b An anxiousambivalent child is inconsolably upset when the attachment figure leaves i An anxiousambivalent child will both seek and reject caring contact Jean Piaget studied cognitive development 0 How do children make sense of the world 0 Piaget assumed 0 Children s thought processes are different from adults 0 Children formulate new processes via interactions with their environment 0 Environment 0 Schemata o Assimilation Place new information into an existing schema 0 Accommodation Create new schema or drastically alter an existing schema iClicker Questions 1 Harlow did an experiment with infant rhesus monkeys requiring them to make a choice between an imitation mother that provided contact comfort or one that provided food The results demonstrate that for this species a Food is the most important reinforcement b Food is used as a method for tension reduction in the young c Contact comfort is more important than food particularly during stress d Infants were distressed because the mother providing contact comfort did not supply food 2 The strangesituation test was designed to allow psychologists to assess a How infants respond to separation and reunion with their mothers b An infant s tendencies to seek or avoid novelty c A mother s response to a fearful infant d The level of social skill an infant has acquired 3 Which best reflects secure attachment a A baby is upset when his mother leaves his sight but he is quickly comforted when she returns b A baby is calm when his mother leaves and he ignores her when she returns A baby is very upset when his mother leaves When she returns he wants to be both with and away from her 4 Cognitive structures that help us perceive organize process and use information are referred to as a Sensory memory b Working memory c Schemas d Flashbulb memories 5 A child has been playing football with her older brothers and is pretty good throwing a completed pass Now her brothers attempt to teach her how to play basketball She keeps throwing the basketball like she throws a football She is unable to make a single basket Why is she having trouble a She s using accommodation when she should use assimilation b She s using assimilation when she should be using accommodation


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