Psychology Notes 3/22/16~Exam 3
Psychology Notes 3/22/16~Exam 3 1557
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1557 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Manos Akillas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (PSY 11) in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/23/16
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory -Theory of Consciousness (continued) -Libido and repression of primitive desires Libido: energy that functions ID -Methods of studying the unconscious (can’t study directly) -process of repression relaxes during dreaming (why they are strange) -dreams: highly symbolic, thoughts that are usually kept in unconscious Manifest content: actual content Latent content: what the actual content symbolizes -therapists discuss their feelings and try to relate them to real life -free association: -ask them to report every single thought without holding back -helpful b/c people report seemingly unconnected things that are actually connected -Insight (2nd model of treatment) -Freud changed his theory to start trying to help people understand their feelings -thought that a healthy person has control over their unconscious and the way they express and relieve it, but you have to know yourself and have insight -Studies with normal people: all have primitive desires -at some point all reported similar memories to those who were considered and diagnosed to be hysterical -Need to explain individual differences -normal people have a better way of handling hysteria because they don’t bottle it up and repress it Stage Theory The Oral Stage -food most important -derives all satisfaction through eating and drinking -has no concept of self -develops this concept by learning that the mental image of food can’t satisfy them -fantasy vs. reality=environment vs. self -learns they aren’t helpless (can control the environment) Problems: -if you have an anxious mother who is always tending to their needs, that doesn’t allow the child the ability to learn between fantasy and reality and leads to the child becoming a very dependent person -also possible to have the opposite scenario with an uncaring mother which results in a child who has a lack of trust in people The Anal Stage -about controlling the self -toilet training time period -learns to physically control their body Problems: Strict parents→ child feels like they can’t do anything right Permissive parents→ child doesn’t learn right vs. wrong *results in the child being uptight, rigid, afraid of doing things wrong, don’t trust themselves Phallic Stage Oedipus Conflict -boys discover their bodies and masturbation -become very confused because they’re told it’s allowed, but not in certain instances -they develop the fear that the dad will get angry and he will get in trouble Resolution: -boy identifies with his father and adopts similar characteristics -he then internalizes them and they become the superego Electra Conflict -girls have two identifications -first they have anger towards the mother and identify with their father -this stage isn’t complete because of the difference in gender -the girl then resolves the anger with the mother and identifies with her -she then adopts similar characteristics and internalizes those to develop her superego