World History II The Best War Ever? - World War II Notes
World History II The Best War Ever? - World War II Notes HIST 1020
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becky Stinchcomb on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Cari Casteel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/23/16
Hist1020 March 22, 2016 The Best War Ever?: World War II - How does World War II compare to World War I? (The Great War vs. The Best War Ever) Poland Attacked: September 1, 1939 - Hitler broke two of the peace agreements that he had previously signed Munich Agreement Nazi Soviet Non- Aggression Pact German Troops March into Warsaw The World at War… Again - Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939 Axis Powers - Germany, Japan, Italy Allied Powers - Britain, France, Soviet Union United States joins in 1941 War in Europe - Invasion of Poland: Blitzkrieg- September 1939 Tanks and Stuka dive bombers - May 1940- Invasion of Netherlands, Belgium, and France Maginot Line proves ineffective to maneuver warfare Fall of France France is out: June 22, 1940 - On June 22, 1940 France signs an armistice with Germany in occupied France War in the Pacific Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941 - President Roosevelt declares war against Japan in front of Congress “A day which will live in infamy” United States entering the War War Propaganda - Rosie the Riveter Great Britain “Keep Calm and Carry On” Nazi Germany - “The result! A loss of racial pride.” United States - Uncle Sam’s “I want you for the US Army” - Awkward friend pictures that tell American’s who the allies are Theodore Giesel - “Dr. Seuss Goes to War” Walt Disney - “Der Fuehrer’s Face” The Beginning of the End Dwight D. Eisenhower - “Operation Overlord” D- Day - June 6, 1944 - Operation Overlord - Beaches of Normandy and Omaha; France- 150,000 men storm the beaches - Turning point of the war Yalta Conference - February 1945 - “Big Three” FDR, Stalin, Churchill - Stalin agreed to enter fight against Japan - Roosevelt agrees to give Stalin influence in Eastern Europe - Agree to de- Nazify, de-militarize, and democratize Germany Hitler commits suicide - April 30, 1945 V-E Day - May 7/8, 1945 War in the Pacific Battle of Iwo Jima (February- March 1945) - The battle for this 14 square mile island was one of the bloodiest battles of the war - 25,000 Japanese protected the small rocky island and it took over 110,000 Americans to defeat them - Only 216 Japanese surrendered- the rest died Marines Raising the US Flag at Iwo Jima Potsdam Conference - Truman, Stalin, Churchill - Truman has tested the bomb - Agree to demilitarize, denazification, and democratization of Germany Atomic Bomb th - Hiroshima (August 6 th - Nagasaki (August 9 ) - Enola Gay dropped on Hiroshima - Bock’s Car dropped on Nagasaki “Little boy” and “fat man” - 250,000 deaths War is over - August 15, 1945 - Peace treaty not actually signed until September 2, 1945 Casualties of World War II - Military Casualties: approximately 25,000,000 - Civilian Casualties: approximately 45,000,000 - Holocaust: approximately 12,000,000 - Total: Over 80 million deaths The Results of the War - All of the German- occupied territories were supposed to be given free elections, but only the W. European nations became democratic The Division of Germany - German land split up to appease people - Berlin also split up after part of Soviet land included a part of Berlin The US & the USSR emerged as the two superpowers Holocaust - 12 million deaths - 6 million Jews - 6 million “undesirable” Poles, the handicapped, Gypsies, homosexuals, Slavs, and dissenters (protestors) Nacht and Nebel (night and fog) - Made by French on 10 anniversary of the end of the war - Going through empty concentration camps