Music 160 Week 3 Lecture notes
Music 160 Week 3 Lecture notes Music 160
Popular in AMERICAN FOLK MUSIC
Popular in Music
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delo Baker on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 160 at a university taught by Professor SUNARDI in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
10192015 Turning to the arriving and musical thriving of African Americans Arrived to America differently than European counterparts o Slavery Thinking about spirituals Identify African and African American approach to music Spirituals Cultural synthesis 0 Where it came from Folk Spiritual Earliest form of indigenous a cappella religious music created by African Americans during slavery Late 18th century creation ibid Created for black people 0 Prominent from the late 18th century through civil war Ring shout o A form of folk spiritual that incorporates highly stylized religious dance as participants move clockwise 0 Also called a quotshoutquot Earliest records come from 1845 practice predates that record 0 Evidence in north and South 0 Emerge as a form of Christian worship or ritual quotDarien GullahGeechee Shoutersquot Video 0 women dancing in clockwise notion Unit3 quotRun old Jeremiahquot 0 Characterization of African and African American music outlined by Olly Wilson 0 Call and response Song form 0 Performance practice Musical statement say heyyy l Heyyy African and African American approaches to making music Sign ofJudgment 0 Ring shout 0 African and African American approaches to making music 0 Body motion as part of the performance 0 Poly rhythm o More than one rhythmic patter played Wilson emphasizes idea of rhythmic clash McIntosh County Shouters Video October 12th Run Mary Run You got a right to the tree of life 0 Ring Shout Note polyrhythmic approach Percussive approach to singing 0 Another approach to African and African American music Recap ring shout Call and Response Heterogeneous sound ideal High density of musical events 0 Use of the body 0 Poly rhythmic Percussive mannerapproach Trouble so hard example of folk spiritual Call and response approach to African American approach Listened to music 0 European characteristics 0 Verse choruses tropic verse 0 Vocabulary used Arranged spiritual concept spiritual 0 1870s 0 Post civil war form of spirituals which evolved in schools FirstJubilee Singers 0 Established 1871 o Fisk college 0 Go on tour to raise money for the school Concert Spiritual quotwade in the water 0 Homogeneous sound ideal o Timbres used too are what are preferred in European art music 0 Pronunciation of text Harmonic progressions preferred in European art music 0 Harmony Pitches heard together system of functional chords Division of the choir into parts by vocal range Strophic form 0 Verse chorus structure 0 Include refrains from the chorus 0 Maintain call and response form 0 quotOh Freedomquot example 0 Compare oh freedom and wade in the water as folk spirituals Hard to categorize spirituals as quotfolkquot or arranged concertquot 0 Ex quotthe new buryin groundquot Spirituals as a strategy of resistance 0 Mental resistance to oppression The slaves desire for freedom Slaves desire for justice upon those who betrayed them Those who led a good Christian life would be rewarded on judgment day Mechanism of escape 0 Medium of communication 0 Codes and multiple meanings lsraeites slaves King Jesus slave benefactor Hell farther south Heaven or Canaan Canada North Africa Home Africa Jordan step to freedom Satan Egyptian save masters Chariots or trains underground railroad n Harriet Tubman black Moses EX Run Mary Run Wade in the water a Throw off the scent of the dogs 0 Dr Watts song 0 quotam a soldier of a crossquot English Hymn writer 16741748 lnt roduced to Americans in the mid17005 0 Technique of lining out Leader sings out a line of text that is echoed by a group Not exclusive to African American Referred to as quotDr Watts Songsquot by older African American songs whether he wrote them or not Characteristic Slow tempo 0 Work songs 0 O O O 0 Songs connected to performing work Usually sung as working Help in doing work Examples quotLet your hammer ringquot quotmighty Bright Lightquot quotGo down od Hannahquot Film quotAfroAmerican work song in Texas prisonquot Tough issues 0 Representation o Appropriation taking someone else s and making it your own 0 Authenticity sense of being quottrue H M realquot 0 Minstrel show 0 0 Full length theatrical entertainment featuring performers in backface who performed songs dance comic strips Considered to be rst distinctly American form of American pop culture 1840518805 0 Become part of American folk song repertoire Performers called minstrels George Washington Dixon Thomas Dartmouth Rice Appeal for whites During slavery Justi ed slavery O O After slavery justi ed racial violence against blacks Expression of fear and anxiety about blacks Shows whiteness Fascination level of blacks on some level of desire to be black Way of identifying with African Americans 0 Appeal for Blacks Means to earn money Travel Assert authenticity October 14139 Minstrel song 0 quotDe Boatmen s Dancequot 1843 music and lyrics created by Dan Emmett 18151904 banjo and bones o Instrumentation Male voices Banjo ddle Tambourine Bones 0 Can we separate the song from the context of minstrelsy Ethnic notions 0 Images of African Americans 0 How images have changed and why October 15th Week 3 review 0 Folk spirituals o Spiritual songs sung in participatory settings 0 Includes ring shouts but is not only made up of them 0 Concert spirituals 0 Includes spirituals for the sake of performance European sound ideals Spirituals in popular culture 0 quotnatural Bluesquot Moby 1999 samples quottrouble so hard 0 Question of appropriation White artist sampling a spiritual Using spiritual to represent a white story Appropriating African American music styles but not also working to eradicate racism 0 Dr Watts songs 0 Associated with Dr Watts 0 Lining out technique Leader introduces line and repeated by group Helps people learn to sing 0 Easy to recognize from slow tempo 0 Work songs 0 Were performed while doing work Assisted people in coordinating work ie swinging hammer 0 quotMighty Bright lightquot call and response Cup activity 0 Exam question This is an example of a Work song This type of song is most closely associated with which ethnic group n African American Minstrelsy o Indicator of racial climate of the time Shifting of depictions of blacks to suite white needs Doctile obedient blacks during slavery After emacipation Violent immorall blacks Syncopation quotIn terms of beat stress between the beat offbeat in terms of meter accenting a beat where stress is expected quotOld Uncle Nedquot published in 1848 By Stephen Foster 18261864 Please be forewarned I Lyrics are offensive I Some versions use quotnigga for quotdarkyquot ls quotdarkyquot less offensive ln cinema Blackface showed up in theatres H Al Jolson 18861950 Black face prominent singer 0 Jazz singer Jewish 0 Jazz singer Parallel between lm and numerous lrish minstrelsy Legacy of Minstrelsy O 0 quotEthnic Notionsquot Issues of representation Buy into racial stereotyped Racial stereotypes of people that aren t African American 0 Richard Sherman and the word thug Perpetuating the association of blacks with violence also perpetuate violence against blacks October 16quot Cultutaral competencies o What is powwow Come from Vocal Competencies 0 Social relationship of sound singing technique timbre aesthetics knowledge of repertoire Rhythmic Competencies Drumming technique social relationships quotone beatquot Music 0 Social activity not an object Native American American Indian 0 All part of contemporary usage beware of differences between generalizations and more speci c tribal names Powwow lntertribal social gathering based upon a shared repertoire of music and dance 0 Only one of many native American forms Two main singing styles 0 Northern Plainsv Higher Vocal range 0 Southern Plains Lower vocal range 0 Some north and south tribes sing each others songs Examples of songs 0 Flag songs 0 Grand entry song Two step lntertribal
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