Lecture 12: Han China
Lecture 12: Han China HIST 1010- 004
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ali Notetaker on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010- 004 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Craig in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see World History I in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Chronology Chine Shang 16001046 BCE Western Zhou 1045771 BCE Eastern Zhou 771221 BCE 0 Spring amp Autumn o Warring States Qin 221207 BCE Han 206 BCE220 CE 0 Brief interruption Wang Mang 923 CE Guiding Question What characterized the Qin amp the Han empires What were their similarities amp differences 0 The Burning of Books amp Burying of Scholars Salt amp Iron monopolies Commanderies and counties Scholarofficials The Xiongnu Li Si Imperial University 000000 Imperial Rome amp Han China The Qin State Warring States 221 BCE Uni cation Shi Huangdi r 221210 Qin amp Legalism Shang Yang 0 390338 BCE Han Fei o C 280233 BCE Li Si 0 C 280208 BCE Qin Administration Registration Ranking system 0 Doesn t mean anything when dealing with punishments o 18 possible peasants maybe level 8 o Arbitrary Can change as a reward military service Commanderies Jun amp counties Xian 0 Large geographic areas watched by 3 people Civilian military amp emperial 0 County officials appointed by emperor Kept local government from gaining too much power Standardization o Weights amp measures 0 Coinage Spade money 0 Small Seal Scripts Regional differences 0 Roads Dirt roads w ruts Li Si The quotBurning of the Booksquot Looking back to Zhou and wanting to move forward Con scation amp Burning of Zhou books Execution of those discussing forbidden books The Emperor Terracotta soldiers from the entombment of Shi Huangdi From the Qin to the Han Liu Bang r 206195 Ways of representing history political rhetoric amp power transfer 0 Emphasize moral failing of those who came before A modern analogy quotMake America Great Againquot A Han Confucian Scholar Jia Yi Writing About the Qin Implication good times will come back Reality things will stay the same Han Administration Imperial court amp bureaucracy a balace Commanderiescounties Scholarofficials 0 Contribute to bureaucracy to get ahead Emperor Wudi or Wu r 14087 BCE 0 Promote Confucian ideals o Zhangjiashan bamboo texts a source for Han legal history The Debate on Salt amp Iron Who Confucian iteratischolars vs Legalist court bureaucrats represented by Imperial Secretary Sang Hongyang quotHis Lordshipquot What A record of a debate over Emperor Wu s salt amp iron monopolies amp system of quotequitable marketingquot What does this suggest about Han administration amp its problems What challenges does the empire face and what is being done to deal with them Dealing with money issues 0 Making monopolies to balance them out Different schools of thought competing ideas of quotgood governmentquot Whats best to serve the people The Xiongnu Confederacy Organized nomads Han Society Freeholding farmers Aristocratic elites quotThe social history of the Han Empire particularly during the Eastern Han can be suitably seen as a process of gradual concentration of land and population into the hands of the larger landownersquot 0 Female Dancer Han dynasty 2nCI c BCE Rebellion Floods amp Han Restoration Wang Mang r 923 CE