Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes FHS 213
Popular in Issues and Problems for Children and Families
Popular in Human Development
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Goss on Wednesday January 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FHS 213 at University of Oregon taught by Kevin Alltucker in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 262 views. For similar materials see Issues and Problems for Children and Families in Human Development at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 01/07/15
FHS 213 Issues amp Problems for Children amp Families 1515 The Case of Mary A Life Saved Nora14 raped by stepfather pregnant with Marianna placed in foster care no friends 4 months after Marianna was born toward foster parents when they offered advice on caring for Mary after she would not nap foster parents contact case worker Case worker and foster parents suspected Case worker decided it best for and placed in a residential facility Nora tries to escape resulting in her death Foster parents adopt Marianna and As she grows up Mary has on foster parents In grade school Mary exhibits not a proficient reader by the end of 3rd grade negative trajectories placed in a special ed reading class offered psychological resources Mary might be At age 10 Mary went on an online shopping spree with her dad s credit card at age 15 Mary still receives psychological care and is on an IDP in school What important events occurred in her life How do you think those events will shape her development as an adult What opportunities help and support are there for her The Ecological Model The theory that human development is shaped and influenced by the interaction of ecological systems Family school community Who advocated for you Who stood up for you Teachers Parents Friends Myself 14 years old If a young person gets arrested by age 14 they are much more likely to continue on a criminal path in their adulthood 1715 Effects of Poverty on Children and Families Thoughts for the day Living in poverty has many negative effects for children youth and families Poverty can increase stressors which in turn can negatively impact children s development Be critical consumers of social science information We used to think that the solution to poverty was just making people not poorquot What is poverty Your definition War on Poverty 51 years ago President Lyndon B Johnson signature program Have we won the warquot We used to think that the solution to poverty was just making people not poorquot Now we understand the solution is not that simple We know more now about the effects of poverty on families and cthren What is it about poverty that has such negative effects on children and families Stressors financially and socially and culturally and mentally Less opportunities available for better education or nutrition or healthcare Transience and unpredictabilityinstability Limited time spent with parents amp children reading talking due to time spent working less nurturesupport However these also occur in families who are not poor Looking into the GED People who get a GED 30 hours of instruction compared with people who get a typically high school diploma 4000 hours of instruction GED is academically equal with a diploma but huge differences in life success between the two Diploma people have soft skills noncognitive skills Personality Social skills SelfRegulation Impulse control being able to work cooperatively take turns raise hand etc The Marshmallow Test test selfregulation and impulse control 0 Actually tests trust in whether or not the second marshmallow will come Reliable conditions and environment 0 Children in reliable group more likely to wait 4 x longer for the 2nd marshmallow children in the unreliable group more likely to eat the marshmallow after around 3 minutes of waiting 0 Also tests other things hunger whether or not the child is used to getting treats or having options if they like marshmallows curiosity Soft Skills 0 Sociability Communication Selfcontrol Tend to be predictive of success in life 0 Impulse control is related to success in life what affects impulse control 0 Fight or flight unconscious split second reaction 0 Young kids subjected to chronic stress brains develop differently limits development of soft skills Why are the effects worse for poor families 0 The Ecological Model Family School Community 0 People living in poverty tend to not have positive support in all of these categories Official measurement of poverty in the US 0 Take the 1955 household food budget multiply by 3 and adjust for yearly inflation From 1964 to 2012 poverty rate has gone from 1915 Effects of Government programs on poverty rate 0 Social security tax credits food stamps Supplemental Security Income Housing subsidies Unemployment Insurance Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Women Infant Children food subsidies How many kids experience poverty 0 Fed Poverty line family of 4 24000year 21 children live below Low income 48000year 0i 42 children live in low income Extreme poverty 12000year 8 74 million children in the US 25 of the population Effects of Poverty on Child Development Decreased ability to learn Decreased social skills Decreased mental health Poor physical health Negative outcomes as adults Emotional and behavioral problems It39s more than just a lack of money 0 Lack of money can lack of basic needs and that can cause stress which affect child development 0 Low income families often lack social capital Social capital includes education basic life skills employment social networks access to services What does living in poverty mean Poverty s effect on children and families Harms brain and other body systems Creates and widens achievement gaps Poor physical emotional and behavioral health More likely to live in violent neighborhoods Increases stress which decreases family functioning
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