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PSY: 335 Lecture1 Notes

by: Emily.nicole

PSY: 335 Lecture1 Notes PSY 335

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Psychlogy > PSY 335 > PSY 335 Lecture1 Notes
GPA 4.0
Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood

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About this Document

Class Notes for all of Lecture 1
Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily.nicole on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 335 at Syracuse University taught by W. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Childhood in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.


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Date Created: 10/18/15
Child Development the scope of the field 0 Social and personality development 0 Examines enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another amp how interactions with others and social relationships grow and change over the life span 0 Culture Ethnicity amp Race I Specialists in child development psychologists physicians and geneticists consider cultural factors I Individualismcollectivism 0 Physical development 0 Examines how brain nervous system muscles sensory abilities and needs for food drink and sleep affect behavior 0 Cognitive Development 0 Emphasizes intellectual abilities including memory language development and problem solving 0 Ages Ranges and Individual Differences o researchers divide childhood and adolescent into broad ranges 1 parental 2 infancy 3 preschool 4 middle school 5 adolescent o Cohort Influences on Development 0 Cohort cohort effects agegraded influences 0 Who are the members of your cohort group of people with similar ages friends 0 Socioculturalgraded Influences 0 Development is also affected by socioculturalgraded influences including I ethnicity social class subcultural membership 0 Nonnormative Life Events 0 specific atypical events that occur in a particular person s life at a time when such events do not happen to most people 0 Can you think of an example of a nonnormative life event divorce birth order stability of living environment how many other people involved with the divorce step siblings close family deaths loss of a job 0 Children of the Past 0 Locke I tabula rasa or bank slatequot I children entirely shaped by their experiences as they grew up 0 Rosseau I noble savages I children born with innate sense of right and wrong and morality Baby Biographies o the first children methodically studied Contributions of Women 0 women made significant contributions to child development despite prejudice o Hollingworth one of fires psychologists to focus on child development Major Issues in Child Development 0 Continuous Change I change is gradual I achievements at one level build off previous level I underlying developmental processes remain the same over the lifespan Continuous vs Discontinuous Change 0 discontinuous change occurs in a distant step Distinguishing Sensitive vs Critical Periods 0 critical periods are specific times during development in which a particular event has its greatest consequence Individualistic Orientation 0 concentration on uniqueness of the individual Influence of Nature and Nurture on Development 0 Nature traits abilities and capabilities inherited from one s parents 0 Nurture environmental influences that shape behavior Children and Violence 0 explaining the roots of violence I early behavioral and physical problems gt later difficulties in controlling aggression I exposure to violence in the media and in video games gt aggression The Future Child Development Conclusions


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