PHILOSOPHY 1100 LECTURE NOTES 10/12/2015
PHILOSOPHY 1100 LECTURE NOTES 10/12/2015 PHILOS 1100
Popular in Introduction to Philosophy
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KR on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 1100 at Ohio State University taught by Jerilyn Tinio in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Ohio State University.
Reviews for PHILOSOPHY 1100 LECTURE NOTES 10/12/2015
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/18/15
10182015 KR PHILOSOPHY LECTURE NOTES 10122015 PojmanVaughn quotWhy Is There Evil 1 The Problem of Evil A description 1 does the problem of evil pose a challenge to the rationality of belief in the existence of God That is does existence of pain suffering in world count as evidence that judeo christian god doesn t exist 2 agnosticatheist usually appeals to the fact that there is no clear evidence that God actually exists a agnosticatheist however has own positive argument against existence of God argument from evil 3 kinds of evils a Moral Evil involves bad things that humans are responsible for eg crime betraal destruction b Natural Evil involves terrible events that happen naturally events which often bring human and animal suffering eg hurricanes tornadoes earthquakes volcanic eruptions nat disasters B The Paradox 1 the judeochristian God is a omnipotent all powerful b omniscient allknowing c omnibenevolent perfectly good 2 if God is all of these things why does he allow evil to exist in world he created a existence of evil is said to be incompatible w existence of God C Argument from Evil agnosticatheist 1 Roughly P1 if the judeochristian god exists there would be no or no unnecessary evil in the world P2 there is evil or unnecessary evil in the world C Therefore God does not exist gt 2 The Freewill defense a in hopes of partially countering argument from evil theists appeal to freewill defense to explain how existence of moral evil is compatible w God s existence i Defense It is logically impossible for God to create free creatures and guarantee that they will never do evil PV 115 ii All moral evil is brought about by the free actions of humans not by God gt gt 3 what about nat evil a 2 ways of natural evil i natural evil work of devil ii natural evil simply part of natural world results from deterministic physical laws human freedom D JOHN HICK 1922 2012 1 There is A Reason Why God Allows Evil a 2 styles of theodicy i augustinian god created humans w out sin and set them out into world of paradise humanity fell through misuse of its free will PV 126 story of adam and eve ii irenaean adam didn t misuse free will or rebel against god was placed n imperfect world to cultivate virtue god little more responsible b presents theodicy justification of God s creation in the face of evil PV 126 i Hick irenaean theodicy 2 Hick on problem of evil a for hick problem of evil is presented as dilemma 10182015 KR i Either God is perfectly loving and all powerful ie he must wish to abolish evil and must be able to or evil would not exist Evil does exist Therefore God is not perfectly loving and all powerful b The problem again is to figure out how we can render the existence of evil and the existence of the JudeoChristian God compatible 3 Hick rejects possible solutions of theists a theist fact of suffering is a mere illusion i Hick bible is accurate description of history suffering of Jesus is real b theist appealing to deity that is finite not omnipotent i Hick evil exists bc deity that created the world is finite god is allgood allknowing but not all powerful just doing the best that he can doesn t have enough power gt argument but this is just to reject truth of conception of judeochristian god existence of which we are trying to prove 4 Hick on theodicies a a modest enterprise trying to make problem of evil less of a problem b is merely negative doesn t seek positive conclusions c doesn t claim to i explain nor explain away every instance of evil in human experience but only to point to certain considerations which prevent fact of evilfrom constituting a final and insuperable bar to rational belief in God Hick 127 5 Structure of Hick s subsequent discussion a Deals with objections to the existence of the JudeoChristian God that deal with moral evil b Deals with objections to the existence of the JudeoChristian God that deal with non moral or natural evil 6 Hick on Possibility of Moral Evil a presents version of freewill defense of existence of moral evil and addresses objections to this defense i freewill defense To be a person is to be a finite center of freedom a relatively free and selfdirecting agent responsible for one s own decisions This involves being free to act wrongly as well as to act rightly The idea of a person who can be infallibly guaranteed always to act rightly is self contradictory There can be no guarantee in advance that a genuinely free moral agent will never choose amiss Hick 127 ii freewill defense simplified basically to be a person is by definition to be free and freedom requires possibility of wrongdoing there is a contradiction in assuming a person that never does wrong gt response to first b Hick thinks of 2 objections to his freewill defense i no contradiction in saying that God might have made ppl who would be genuinely free and who could yet to be guaranteed always to act rightly Hick 127 so is there actually a contradiction if person free person doesn t always do right thing but can always do right thing ii to say that god could not create persons who are free from risks inherent in personal freedom Hick 128 is denial of omnipotence of God c Hick responds to these 2 objections i We might be free in relation to ourselves we do what we choose but a contradiction results when we assume that we are free and God created us such that we always choose the right thing God could ve created us that we always do the right thing as puppets of God So if God created us as always doing right things we wouldn t be free ii For God to create persons incapable of doing wrong is a logical impossibility to do so would be to create a different kind of being altogether this is not to call into question God s omnipotence but only to say that he would be doing something entirely different part of being a person is to be free and being free is to do wrong complete good creation of different being not people 10182015 KR 7 Hick on the Possibility of Natural Evil a The skeptic s agnosticatheist premise i God is supposed to have made humans perfect and made a perfect world in which his perfect creatures live b The existence of suffering and pain is evidence that the JudeoChristian God does not eXist 8 Hick s Response to This a not fair representation of God s purpose b If God were to make a world where suffering were physically impossible then i there would be no objective environment one could use to guide their action simpler can t co conceive of how we re acting if we can t rely on physical environment ii there would be no opportunity for right or wrong action c world is a place for soulmaking and place for humans to develop moral qualities
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'