Soc240WeekNineNotes Soc 240
Popular in People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community
Popular in Sociology
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniel Meyer on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 240 at Illinois State University taught by Michael Dougherty in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community in Sociology at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
M Tuesday The cost per square foot of real estate in the suburbs is lower than in cities 0 Suburbs are energy inefficient no walking all driving less dense I The sprawl increases greenhouse gas release Land use is not functionally efficient In suburbs there are less pedestrians In cities there are more pedestrians Chains are attracted to the sprawl because of cheaper cost per square foot of real estate Mom and pop stores rely on social capital clientele I Foot traffic common in cities and traditional communities and word of mouth make social capital powerfuleffective I Because little people walk around in the sprawl it is hard for mom and pop stores to thrive I Mom and pop stores have better chances in cities because more people are walking around Economy of scale and its effect on costs Handmade I Lots of attention to detail I Reliable quality good I Price increases because you pay for artistry Vs 0000 O Factory made I A machine pumps out good as a high rate I Increase in quantity I Drop in price Economies of scale are in con ict with space Consumes fragile land and reduces surface area for farmingwild life Segregation o Highways separate communities 0 Highways are channels out of cities for elites I Elites have cars I Cars are affordable for people in certain socioeconomic status 0 Zoning indirectly creates segregation Zoning is used to declare land uses 0 Plans for the type of housing development is a form of land use 0 Housing types correlate with resident demographics I Subdivisions vs high rises I Low density single family housing typessmaller homesproperty sizes or high density Schools are government funded o The funds provided by the government are drawn from property taxes 0 Property taxes are based on the value of property I Higher value property increases the value of the property taX So Schools have better teachers and facilities boost in effectiveness in places with higher property values Advantages of Sprawl Why is sprawl good 0 Schools 0 Cheaper housing more bang for buck I Bigger house per price 0 Millenials sick of pressure created by the hustlebustle of the city I Ordereye contact always o Safer neighbors or so we think ask me about creepy events in on Chicago s north shore full of creative capital Inexpensive convenient goods and services to consume Opportunities for economic development Connects rural and urban landscapes Cheaper housing Safer neighborhoods 0 Economic and demographic growth in suburbs Back when we all knew each other we felt safer Does this make marginalized places safer Safety is a function of social capital De La Soul neighborhoods are now hoods because there are no neighbors I Neighbors lookout for one another Historical Origins of Sprawl Euclidian Zoning 1926 Euclid Ohio city sued by Ambler Reality 0000 0 City setup town by land use types I Areas for residential agricultural manufacturing retail etc o The Supreme Court ended up ruling in favor of the city I The present suburban towns government plans residential housing 0 Single family low income I High density cheapermore bang for buck Suburbs Less per square foot 0 More bang for buck Smaller space efficient I Low density I Increase in spaceincrease in cost 0 Housing developments I Increase in property sizeincrease in cost Federal Housing Administration 1936 Insured mortgages and taX deductions for mortgages Bankers are confident lending to homeowners Incentivizes people to buy houses Ends up being cheaper than paying in rental markets Either way lending or renting you pay for your housing with financial capital on different scales at some sort of rate Federal Highway Act 1956 We can instantly go anywhere Ford made cars available to middle income types 0 Cars were originally a luxury for the rich New markets outside cities Urban renewal pushes the exodus Cheap land outside cities before sprawl formed ZONING Control manipulate Industrial arrangement land use 0 10 feet between houses 0 5 feet on edges of property 0 Frontage requirements how far you can build near the street 0 In cities buildings are on the edge of properties 0 Height restrictions Amount of space structures can occupy Location of a building on the lot 0 All set backs The Normal historic district is zoned differently from the rest of the city 0 You can t change the face of a home of build onto a house without permission Zoning Variance is an exception to a zoning rule like those governing Normal s historic district The costs of sprawl 0 Larger lots 0 Increases in water use 0 Increases in traffic Smart growth Advocating and promoting through new urbanism design approaches This is a policy regime Tenets of Smart Growth 0 Promoting sensible development and livable communities 0 Maintains historic cities and towns Preserves farmland and open space Reduces taX burdens on future generations Tenets of New Urbanism 0 Design movement Pedestrian friendly Green peace Sprawl with new Urbanism Reduced width of car lanes 0 More crosswalks 0 Buildings up to sidewalks Add trees plants foliage 0 Light rails were appropriate 0 Forces pedestrian movement I More window shopping I More eyes safer I Face face interation Upski s Five Myths 1 suburbs are White middle class enclaves suburban diversity is on the rise 2 Suburbs aren t cool 3 Suburbs are a product of the free market Created by private industry Built on economic opportunity What built the suburbs were things like the Supreme Court ruling in favor of Euclid Ohio The suburbs are the result of systemic manipulations Thursday Gentrification change of neighborhood I Young urban people yup yuppies I Not from poverty I Move into affordable neighborhood Humbolt Park Wicker Park 0 I ve heard Divison Street described as scary before the Cabrini Green housing project was removed failure of urban renewal I The demographic is poor and not working yet 0 Its not just yuppies I Unemployed job seeking I Recently employed college graduates I Skilled artists I Skilled tradesmen I Entrepreneurs I Skilled service professionals 0 Hustlers who make big tips I Waiters I Bartenders I Uber drivers I The locality is diverse and dynamic I Then neighborhood starts to change 0 Property value increases 0 City pays attention 0 Original residents pressured out by high property values I Or they dislike the new vibe in the neighborhood Florida pushes gentrification I Movement of the creative class is similar to gentrified neighborhoods in Chicago 0 The creative class moves into hiphappening Cities 0 Changes the demographic in the locality I The creative class is who fills up gentrified neighborhoods Spatial InequalityUrban Poverty I Segregated ghetto result of systemic practices I Redlining o Denying neighborhoods loans in attempts to practice safe business I Panic peddling o Realtors pick homes from market for consumers I Whites are shown one thing I Minorities show another 0 Restrictive Covenants 0 Legal documents attached to property deeds o Dictates who you can sell your property to o Minorities restricted to good neighborhoods Why you should really hate Donald Sterling Sterling is also the Slumlord Billionaire a man who made his fortune by building low income housing and then according to a Justice Department lawsuit developing his own racial quota system to decide who gets the privilege of renting his properties In November of 2009 Sterling settled the suit with the US Department of Justice for 273 million the largest ever obtained by the government in a discrimination case involving apartment rentals Reading the content of the suit makes you want to shower with steel wool Sterling just said no to rent to non Koreans in Koreatown and just said hell no to African Americans looking for property in plush Beverly Hills Sterling who has a Blagojevichian air for the language says he did not like to rent to Hispanics because Hispanics smoke drink and just hang around the building He also stated that black tenants smell and attract vermin httpwwwthenationcomarticledonald sterling slumlord billionaire Segregation creates di erential access to resources of upward mobility insurance loans etc When Work Disappears Industrial restructuring 0 Jobs are eXported to other countries 0 Jobs follow people with money I A lot of white people have money Real wage adjusted for in ation 0 In ation distorts the buying power of 1 USD Without work 0 Non wage benefits decrease I trade in emerald county 0 human capital 0 financial capital drug capital 0 social organization diminishes I local friendship ties I social cohesion I participation in voluntary associations I densitystability of formal institutions Spatial mismatch hypothesis Jobs disappear from central cities Service sector jobs increase 0 Lower utility enjoymenthappiness o In the burbs because chains like the buying power of suburban space I Cost per square foot in suburbs is less than cities 0 People in the city need jobs because the jobs they had are being outsourced 0 Many of these people don t have appropriate transit to suburbs Ghetto poverty tracts 0 Difference between poor peoplepoor neighborhoods 0 Poor people in hi gher class neighborhood have access to liberation and mobility
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