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PSY:335 Lecture 5 Notes

by: Emily.nicole

PSY:335 Lecture 5 Notes PSY 335

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Psychlogy > PSY 335 > PSY 335 Lecture 5 Notes
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Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood

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Class notes from Lecture 5.
Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily.nicole on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 335 at Syracuse University taught by W. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Childhood in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.


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Date Created: 10/18/15
Labor the Process Begins 0 about 266 days after conception CRH triggers release of various hormones o Oxytocin is released by the mothers pituitary gland 0 when the concentration of oxytocin becomes high enough the uterus starts to contract 0 the process leading to birth begins Birth from Fetus to Neonate o the exact moment of birth occurs when the fetus emerges fully from its mother s body 0 in most cases babies automatically use lungs to breathe air The Apgar Score 0 Dr Virginia Apgar 19091974 developed this score in 1952 to assess the condition of newborns especially those whose mothers had received anesthesia during delivery almost all children in the US are evaluated using the scoring now Signs appearance skin colorpulse grimacereflex irritability activitym uscle irritability activity muscle tone respiration Anoxia 0 occurs when fetus does not get enough oxygen 0 some causes umbilical cord gets pinched or wraps around fetus s neck 0 a few minutes of anoxia may lead to cognitive deficits Physical Appearance amp Initial Encounters 0 initial newborn s health assessment and cleaning 0 vernix lanugo puffy eyes Bonding 0 mixed viewpoints 0 critical period from birth to a few hours 0 some psychologists and physicians think parentchild bonding immediately after birth is important for their lasting relationship 0 physical stimulation of infants connected to weight gain sleep patterns neuromotor development and reduced infant mortality Approaches to ChildbirthWhere Medicine amp Attitudes Meet 0 No single procedure will be effective for all mothers and fathers and no conclusive research evidence has proven that one procedure is significantly more effective than another Alternative Birthing o Lamaze birthing techniquesteaches women to go with the pain and discomfort relaxation Bradley method Hypnobirthing Who delivers obstetrician midwife doulanot licensed Although 99 percent of US births are attended by professional medical workers or birthing attendants this is the case i only about half of births worldwidewhy O cultural Pain amp Childbirth 0 definition of pain 0 experience and interpretation of pain during labor pain is a sym bol of things going well in childbirth Use of Anesthesia amp PainReducing Drugs 0 use of medication during childbirth is practice that holds both benefits and pitfalls 0 about a third of women who receive anesthesia do so in the form of epidurals 0 walking epidurals allow the numbness of the lower half of the body but walk freely afterw Newborn Medical Screening 0 the American College of Medical Genetics recommends that all newborns be screened for 29 disorders 0 states differ on mandated testing ranging from 3 gt 30 required tests 0 Should this screening be required by latW Vacaniation Wars 0 What strategies would you use to evaluate the scientific literature on the topic if vaccines and the purported line to autism 0 Why do some parents continue to accept the notion that vaccines are the cause of autism despite the prevalence of scientific evidence that does not support this link 0 not a settled issue Preterm Infants Too Soon Too Small 1 preterm infants infants who are born prior to 38 weeks after conceptionalso knownas premature infants 2 lowbirthweight infants infants who weigh less than 2500 grams around 55 lbs at birth 3 small for gestationage infants


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