PSY: 335 Lecture 10 Notes
PSY: 335 Lecture 10 Notes PSY 335
Popular in Psychology of Childhood
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily.nicole on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 335 at Syracuse University taught by W. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Childhood in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Nativist Approaches Language as an Innate Skill 0 Difficulties with the learning theory approach have led to the development of the nativist approach an alternative championed by the linguist Noam Chomsky o Nativist Approach the theory that a genetically determined innate mechanism directs language development 0 Universal Grammar Chomsky s theory that all the world s languages share a similar underlying structure 0 LanguageAcquisition Device LAD a neural system of the brain hypothesized to permit understanding of language The Interactionist Approach 0 suggests that language development is produced through combination of genetically determine predispositions and environmental circumstances that help teach language Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis 0 a theory stating that language shapes and determines the way people of a particular culture perceive and understand the world 0 it suggests that language provides categories that help children construct perceptions of people and events in their surroundings Infant Directed Speech a type of speech directed towards infants characterized by short simple sentences child directed speech Semantics o the relation of a word to it s referent in the world 0 there is a blue chair in the back of the room Language Elements 0 Phoneme in spoken language the smallest distinctive sound unit 0 Morpheme in language the smallest unit that carries meaning 0 Word Systems in Language 0 Grammar beware of mixed taxonomy o Syntax the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language Morphology Semantics the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes words and sentences in a given language also the study of meaning 0 Pragmatics the relation of signs to interpreters Morpheme o a morpheme is the smallest unit of language that conveys meaning 0 ex can has 3 phonemes but is a single morpheme 0 ex cans has 4 phonemes and 2 morphemes can amp s plural 0 ex the has 2 phonemes amp 1 morpheme Syntax o the formal relation of signs to one another 0 rules that determine grammaticality 0 John went to the store 2 lawful o to the store went John 0 John store to the went Semantics o the relations of signs to the objects to which the signs are applicable 0 the meaning of morphemes and words the meaning of appe or mother 0 the meaning ofing s or ed 0 a amp the o the English articles what do they mean Pragmatics o the interpretation of meaning in specific contexts o How do we establish specificity mannerisms different across cultures 0 Ispend a lot of time surfing Maxims of Cooperative Principle 0 quality say nothing you believe to be false or for which you lack adequate evidence 0 quantityprovide neither more nor less information than necessary 0 relationbe relative o mannerbe brief and orderly What is a Morpheme o a morpheme is a smallest unit of language 0 any word that can t be divided into smaller parts with meaning Lateralization of Language c Vernicke s area Brocas area
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