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PSY: 335 Lecture 17 Notes

by: Emily.nicole

PSY: 335 Lecture 17 Notes PSY 335

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Psychlogy > PSY 335 > PSY 335 Lecture 17 Notes
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Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood

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Class notes lecture 17.
Psychology of Childhood
W. Wood
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily.nicole on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 335 at Syracuse University taught by W. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Childhood in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.


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Date Created: 10/18/15
Concepts of Self 2 Parenting Styles and SelfEsteem Authoritative parenting can promote a child s selfesteem Highly punitive indulgent and controlling parents can have negative effects on selfesteem Baurmrid s Parenting Styles What is Responsiveness Warmth A parent s expression of love Reciprocity Synchrony in parent child interactions Clear communication PersonCentered Discourse Say what you mean and mean what you say using the child s frame of reference Attachment Evidence of secure attachment Optimal Child Outcomes Moral Character Optimal competence Character is What it takes to will the good and competence is What it takes to do good we Baumrind 1996 pg 406 Children s Character Neither wicked or good children are born both with moral sentiments and destructive impulses Baumrind 1996 pg 406 Children s Competence By optimal competence I mean an integrated balance within the person of highly developed agentic and communal qualities Baumrind 1996 pg 406 Selfesteem and Aggression Justified selfesteem grounded in competence is an index of healthy selfassertion inflated conceit on the other hand is not and invites hostile aggression Baumrind 1996 pg 407 Socioeconomic Status and Race Differences in SelfEsteem Socioeconomic status SES and race influence selfesteem Higher and lower SES and selfesteem Race and ethnicity and selfesteem Race and SelfEsteem Although White children initially show higher selfesteem than Black children Black children begin to show slightly higher selfesteem than White children around the age of 11 Differences in selfesteem among members of different ethnic groups have narrowed 0 One explanation for the complex relationship between selfesteem and minoritygroup status comes from social identity theory Social Comparison Festinger when concrete objective measures of ability are lacking people turn to social reality to evaluate themselves Peers provide each other with the opportunity to compare and evaluate opinions abilities and even physical changes through social comparison Parents are unable to provide social comparison Downward Social Comparison Social comparisons with others who are obviously less competent or successful Protect children s selfesteem Helps explain why some students in elementary schools with generally low achievement levels have stronger academic selfesteem than very capable students in schools with high achievement levels Relationships With Peers The Importance of Belonging There is probably no period of life in which peer relationships are as important as they are in adolescence Do you agree Reference Groups Reference groups present a set of norms or standards against which adolescents can judge their abilities and social success Looking Back How does a sense of self develop from infancy to middle childhood How do children develop a sense of racial identity How does the development of selfconcept and identity proceed during adolescence What is the role of identity formation during adolescence What is selfesteem and what are some factors in and consequences of high and low selfestee m What is social comparison and what role does it play in developing a selfconcept and selfesteem in middle childhood and adolescence


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