Week Eight (12-16 Oct. 2015) The Air Wars
Week Eight (12-16 Oct. 2015) The Air Wars HIST 3370
Popular in The Vietnam War
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chris Hicks on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3370 at Bowling Green State University taught by Benjamin Greene in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see The Vietnam War in History at Bowling Green State University.
Reviews for Week Eight (12-16 Oct. 2015) The Air Wars
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/18/15
Week Eight 1216 Oct 2015 The Air Wars Strategic Bombing of North Vietnam Service Rivalries Route Packages Operation Rolling Thunder Objectives and Results Operation Linebacker I Easter Offfensive 72 Operation Linebacker 11 Christmas Bombing Interdiction of supplies and personnel Ho Chi Minh Trail Defoliation Operation Ranch Hand Agent Orange Close Air Support in South Vietnam Free Fire Zones and Napalm Revisionists Never allowed to be used effectively to achieve military objectives OR Orthodox show unethical use of military power to wage unethical war US emphasizes technology mobilizes personnel AND industry entire society success of corporations is enlisted as well technology not troop number overwhelms enemy Strategic Bombing began with Rolling Thunder 1St sustained bombing of North Vietnam Rolling Thunder obj ectiveshinder North Vietnam s war making ability Difference between economies of J apanNazi Germany industrialized with standing armies and they never ran out of equipment but ran out of resources like oil because the front lines collapsed on them and Vietnam Preindustrial with insurgency so they re not as reliant on motor transport Limitations of bombingenemy adapted to the bombing by moving factories around or repairing damage suffers from negative objectives didn t want to focus completely on war Great Societycause national debate on Vietnam and had concerns for PRCUSSR getting involved Soviet Antiair defenses more robust as time moved on M didn t have much domestic reform less concerned about USSRPRC National securitydetantelessen tensions with PRCUSSR wants to punish Vietnamgt decent interval push deescalation past his time in office US will recognize PRC if US can escalate in Vietnam Operation Linebacker 1 response to 72 Easter offensive by North Vietnam LBJ 45 of enemy was VC 67 VC 245000 NVA55000 Nixon more NVA vulnerable to attack gt100000 as conventional forces 72most US ground troops out gt100000 but escalated air war Rolling Thunder vs insurgency Linebacker was conventional successful because of lifted political restrictions and nature of war changed from insurgency to conventional war bombing of harbors and heavier bombing of cities Nixon up for reelection in 72 Peace is at hand Operation Linebacker 11 Christmas Bombings crush North Vietnam to convince South Vietnam that North Vietnam will leave and can t launch another devastating offensive US suffers heavy casualties 1St 3 days 8 B52s lost 15 total lost rampedup Antiair North Vietnam peace terms didn t change but South Vietnamese were convinced In uence on North Vietnam and effective campaign M less resistance in South Vietnam to bombings pilot brought down by sharply focused ground fire Antiair goes from rudimentary automatic ri es to sophisticated Soviet systems can air power break morale EX Battle of Britain brought UK together Interdictionstop troops supplies from making it to South Vietnam from North Vietnam and destroy North Vietnam ability to make supplies get them from PRCUSSR Ho Chi Minh Trail network of trails between South Vietnam and North Vietnam and went through Laos and Cambodia neutral nations giving safehaven to Vietnam Mu Gia Pass 60 of trucks from North to South Vietnam through here bombed almost daily repaired after almost each time M women often kept up on repairs failed because of vastness of trail repairs constantly occurred need to deny most of supplies to South Vietnam because they needed only 1 of supplies going to South Vietnam camou age and Antiair defense misapplication of air power against insurgency who needs minimal supplies Route PackagesNavy and Air Force had various bombing districts bureaucratic turf war Defoliation Operation Ranch Hand learned from UK Malaya can use chemicals to kill plants but not people deny access to local food crops take away cover Agent Orang famous defoliant color of barrel 30 experiment 6 used defoliate jungles health effects were results of industrial process 11 million gallons of Agent Orange used 19 millions total destroyed 50 of Vietnam s timber genetic mutations in Vietnam and of veterans compensation set up now for veterans war crimes McNamaralook at laws everyone hates him didn t want to be there later on deforesting vs reforming agriculture Napalmthickened jellylike gas burns longer and hotter legal many protests against it industrialized warfare against preindustrial people immoral use of power in war or missed opportunity on using US power to win
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'