The Bottom Billion (plus Solving Economic Prblems)
The Bottom Billion (plus Solving Economic Prblems) POLS 1500
Popular in Themes in Global Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Steven Hernandez on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1500 at Ohio University taught by Brandon Kendhammer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Themes in Global Politics in Political Science at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Wednesday October 7 2015 POLS The Bottom Billion Global Inequality and Democracy Pre lVlodule Thoughts Very generalized problem Major questions How do some countries become rich How do countries become free What is the Global South and who are the Bottom Billion What is the Great Divergence Why does democracy succeed in wealthy economies but is ineffective in poor countries Giver certain sorts of rules certain political patterns happen A Major defense point for the Bottom South and the patterns of poverty and ine ec veness Being a dictator is a tough job You gotta be smart for that For the most part if a government is doing a poor job in office it s because they choose to do so and it s beneficial for those in office Global South Countries that for the most part are generally less wealthy and less free than other countries that are better off Wednesday October 7 2015 Common facts about these countries Most of these countries were colonized by Europe for a prolonged period of time Most of them experience big rapid social changes in the 20th century Ex Introduction to technology from Eurozone wealthy countries Most of them have extremely unequal economy Most of them have had big populations booms in the last couple of centuries This could be a good thing since this means that there will be future generations of young workers At the same time this could be bad for economies if government cannot keep up with population Not all of these countries are in poor economic situations Latin America and East Asia are examples of welldeveloped nations Bottom Billion the billion people that live in the poorest of countries A lot of people in these South Countries are a lot like us They want jobs They want to buy stuff They want a good life It s just that they do not have the same opportunities as us Wednesday October 7 2015 The Great Divergence If you go back in history a couple of centuries ago everyone was in general poor I The Great Divergence GDP per person 1990 constant 5 Britain 25000 Netherlands Japan 20000 India China 15000 10000 5000 viyvvyvvavvvvyyyywyvvyvyvyvyvvvvyvvyvvvvyvyvyvvyvyyvyvyvvyvyvyvyvvyyYy o 1300 1100 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 ScurceMadnonProed Beginning in the 1700s some countries start to grow For the first time in human history during the 1900s some countries began to grow and become richer than standard growth while other countries remain the same Britain no sign during medieval times that they would become such powerful economy 39 39 quot 739 39 Wednesday October 7 2015 What Caused Some Countries to Grow or Fail Imperialism Isolation Industrialism A part of it is that some countries were just lucky Ex Great Britain happened to be in good place for digging up coal Not that much cultural reasoning It s not easy to tell how some countries become democratic or not Even if some countries were democratic like the US the democratic policies in those countries are not perfect Therefore democracy is not an and all be all for economic growth What is Democracy Dahl s 5 Standards Effective Participation Voting Equality Enlightened Understanding Agenda Control by Citizens Inclusion of Adults Wednesday October 7 2015 Factoids Since the end of the Cold War first world countries touted democracy as the key to success notice the problem World is more democratic than it was in 1991 end of Cold War Since college students have been around more groups of people have been able to vote for the first time World is less violent now than it was in 1991 Back in the 50 s there were at any given time 7 interstate wars going on Goes down drastically in the 21st century Nmnlwu of natiqu u min 8 m hi m on Ilw Polity l39 stz r I800 200 Hquot V 39 V V V V 39 V V V V V V W V 39 VVV 39139 vquot v V quotV VI 1quot vvv vvv 111v 39Y39V vvvv V v V V V v V V V V 39 V V V V V MW VVVVV quot nvui15 L r minmint 39 m v39oa rumw Inulm 1 1m ln l nHHM In one person s lifetime there are 10 times more democratic countries now that people who live their lives during the 20th century Until Russia s invasion in Crimea there has been no two countries with a McDonald s that have had wars with each other Wednesday October 7 2015 Common Situations World Today Nothing like wars of the past One group feels marginalized by government take up arms against government Ex Revolt in northern Mali Although fewer people die conflict bleeds out into several countries If Afghanistan is in a conflict it will definitely affect Pakistan War is not something that is restricted to wealthy countries and billions of dollars in spending anymore Fictionalized sense of democratic Many governments believe that if they present examples of democratic ideals but rig them they can get away with totalitarian rule Friday September 25 2015 POLS Solving the Economic Problem Cont d Cont d Different Reasonings for the Increase of Inequality in the US College students Because college graduates now make on average more money than a college graduates back in the 80 s and that they make way more than nongraduates this can drive inequality Although many people disagree that this is a legitimate source Technology Some categories of workers have a harder time finding jobs due to technological replacement Leaving some portions of economy in the dust If inequality is going up voters will eventually learn and then vote to adopt new changes But why aren39t some people experiencing this form of inequality Depends on who they are and where they come from Golden Ticket Theory Becoming extraordinarily wealthy makes it easier to get a golden ticket not because they have a better chance to get a ticker but because they can buy more tickets Who are they The top 1 Friday September 25 2015 Why Inequality Hacker amp Pierson When business is more organized than Middle Class interests Inequality increases Deregulation does not equal Absence of Government Business interests advocate indirectly Policy Drift Campaign Finance Focus on complex technical issues If you re a corporation that manufactures cars a rule that restricts sales to only american cars can be useful Allinall however it is really difficult to get a rule like that passed All of these elements come together to explain that businesses have a greater advantage than other people in the economic system Just because there are not laws for something does not mean that there are no advantages currently being taken lmt39rzu ms39 Trust m the 39I39hrcc Brunchvs oft1v 1quotcduml 139 it39ummcnt liguzv vqutw ill 139 Iniw iilib i lili quotl39 139 51 ii i in llllllll ll 39irl in IIquot I Ill ll lutliriul I E Xm39llfiw I x quot39Ilit N4 quot1 u 4H 0 w I 20 20 It 10quotquot was NH tub in 1mm Muff 1mm 1mm 2cm 2mm 2mm Jll 201 v XI I l Friday September 25 2015 Elizabeth Warren In the US the people generally agree that historically the government should intervine on what can be unsafe Ralph Nader Unsafe atAny Speed 1965 Book raised awareness of the lack of car safety made common car safeties of today established including crash tests reinforced windshields and seat belts Actually increased company sales as people were willing to invest in safety and manufacturers made more money by meeting safety standards Proves that sometimes it s not so bad to have companies focus on safety Government does not have to intervine in order to enact change Underwriters Limited Company made to test electronic products to make sure that they are safe Can be considered an advertising feature Although safety in companies and people tout safety Warren finds it unsettling that there are no safety regulations for mortgages credit cards and student loans Warren pitched the idea of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau CFPB which tests financial things just like Underwriters Limited
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