Understanding Ethnic Cooperation and Conflict, with an Example from Rwanda
Understanding Ethnic Cooperation and Conflict, with an Example from Rwanda POLS 1500
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Steven Hernandez on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1500 at Ohio University taught by Brandon Kendhammer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Themes in Global Politics in Political Science at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Monday October 12 2015 POLS Understanding Ethnic Cooperation and Conflict with an Example from Rwanda Mr Otieno and his Burial Member of the Luo ethnic group in Kenya Been in competition for political power in Kenya for a long time Politicians want to be able to use the best about them for the role Otieno moved to Nairobi Kenya at one point Changed point of view from his rural Luo roots Married person of a different Luo community When he died he asked to be buried in Nairobi not his hometown Members of the community started to freak out once people of position began to be buried away from their roots loosen important of ethnic identity Luo people sued Otieno s widow as his decision did not supersede the rights of the community People actually won This is bad for a country as it encourages poor political and economic sources The more extreme you are under ethnic doctrine the more likely you are to encourage more extreme politicians to step up Also there is little to no progress if two very proud ethnic groups crash in interests Rwanda and Burundi Both colonized in the 19th century Europeans found several different ethnic groups including Hutu s 85 of population Tutsi s 14 of population and Twa about 1 Monday October 12 2015 Interestingly Hutu s and Tutsi s could be interchangeable terms You could go from Hutu to Tutsi and back in just a couple of generations Although King of the land was Tutsi both groups were the same economically and both were treated equally European colonizers come into the area with two important things Government and colonialism Concept of racism Due to their historical descendent from a bit more northern area colonists favored the Tutsi over the Hutu due to their moreeuropeanIike facial features With Belgian rule official ID labels were finally present harder to interchange Tutsi begin to rise in power and wealth while the Hutu are left poor Social conflict begins As Belgians consider to leave colonialist rule in Africa a major ethnic struggle was brewing Rwanda Response Hutu community in Rwanda begins to revolutionize create the Bahutu Manifest We want to be free from Belgium and Tutsi Hutu in Rwanda stage revolution take over power Tutsi minority no longer holds power New Hutu government worries about minority that might revolutionize or even worse getting in contact with Burundi Hutu justified revolution through unfairness in order to keep that power they have to remind people why they are in government to begin with Monday October 12 2015 Hutu Power The fear of Tutsi craftiness and clever thinking calls for the Hutumajority government to have loads of power Goes from just stigmatizing minority to controlling everyone in Rwanda as well Everything in order to control masses into what they want Burundi Response Tutsi in Burundi brace for impact Gen Michel Micombero becomes dictator Burundi just kills a lot of its citizens keeps them from rising Burundi s Rule of Terror In 72 they kill 150000 Hutu to send a message In both situations both the maiority and minority ethnic groups have a chance at rule and they both go different ways in order to keep their group of people at the top of the sociopolitical system Rwandan Genocide In 1994 both Rwanda and Burundi begin peace talks Habyarimana s Plane April 1994 Presidents of both countries die after plane is shot down in Rwandan airspace Although Burundi just replace president Rwanda blames the accident on the Tutsi a manifestation of Hutu hate Killings happen very quickly as radio communications and years of surveillance manifest into a murder spree
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