Lecture notes ISS 310
Popular in People and Environment (I)
Popular in Social Work
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Lecture 9 Demography Statistical study of the characteristics of human populations Population density average number of person depending on a given area Population growth changes of density of population over time takes into account immigration rates Death rate and birth rate number of rates and births per 1000 people every year Fertility rate number of children per women Thomas Malthus reverent Worried about population increase 1798 Video 1960 His idea was that his idea will increase exponentially but food production will increase arithmetically Meaning that the food production does not grow as fast as population Refers to Ecoscarsity At this time period there was not birth control That is why wars famine and disease are natural limits to population growth Malthus ideas 1 Morality issues The second part of Malthus idea was that welfare for the poor is contra productive 2 Poor people are bad money managers 3 They would manage the welfare irresponsibly and have a lot of children Moral code Selfrestraint to avoid resource crisis His theories about population were also issues about poverty 1 Example inequality He addressed political and economic problems Neo Malthusian arguments New arguments in uenced by Malthus Relationship between population economic development and environmental impacts Paul Ehrlich Population Bomb 1968 2 Assumed scarcity of resources nature and rapacity of population growth 3 He never talks about consumption and lifestyle 4 He blamed the developing countries Fear Idea of the population bomb new York times video The point We have nite resources so we can39t have an in nite population growth There were not places to live Zero population growth ZPG organization The tonight show 6000 chapter 60000 members Regulations Taxes Prizes to couples with no children The green revolution and the effects on the developing world are good Destructive effect that people have on the environment There are nearly 4 billion people in the world Japan need more young people Idea of aging in some countries We don39t want to run out of people either Paul Ehrlic and John Holdren 1974 Impact decline of the ecosystem example land degradation Population Number of people on a community Af uence Level of consumption of the population Technology The technology we have available to produce Ianxt Two arguments Caring capacity Maximum people that an area con sustain during a period of time depending on the lifestyle NEO MALTHUSINA Focus on population Disregards how people distribute resources Disregards scales economic vs political structures POPULATION CONTROL MALTH USIAN VS N EOMALTHUSIAN The issue of fertility For Malthus did not consider the possibility of contraceptives NeoMalthusians Considered contraceptives as a way to control population growth They do not consider other things that shape our impact with the environment technology and politics Population control is not the same as birth control Birth control is the right of women to decide how many children and when they are going to have children So basically Population control focuses on public policies and birth control focuses on the individual s right to decide when to have children o Euginics In uenced population control 1 Selective human breeding selected superior humans 2 Segregation and forces sterilization 3 Laws against people from different races having children 4 1970 Population control movement 0 Sterilization India forced sterilization Most of the women did not know that they were being sterilized 13 million people were sterilized Many women died 0 Doctor had to sterilize a minimum number of people 0 International governments tried to shape population 1 Example China one child policy Preferred to have boys Sometimes female babies were killed or aborted Does not take into consideration women s health They just want to reduce fertility rates 0 Family health and economy CRITIQUES TO THE THEORIES Induced intensi cation theory 0 Population growth will create innovation and lead to a greater food production 0 Figure ways of adaption o Advocate to the green revolution 0 Amartya Sen Pay attention to ownership and distribution of resources He was concerned with famine Starvation is the results of bad distribution and social structures Political distribution Who decides how food is going to be distributed Bali s famine BOOK FOUR FAMINES Who owns the means of production DEMOGRAOHIC TRANSITION o How population changes through time in relation to three stages
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